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Anonymous, Roman de Fauvel

The Roman de Fauvel is a satiric 3,000-series poem written anonymously by People from france monarchal cleric Gervais de Bus in the years between 1310 and 1314. In those days, France was beneath the notorious guideline of Philippe IV, “The Good,” who got relocated the chair of the chapel from Rome to Avignon and was amid performing a brutal advertising campaign of annihilation against the Purchase from the Knights Templar. The poem can be an allegorical story of a equine; “fauvel” is normally proclaimed Lord of individuals, and his topics walk out their way to supply him ease and comfort. The allegory offers a bully pulpit that de Bus can speak out against the cathedral, the Pope, the laity, the Knights Templar, the ruler, and practically the complete of French culture of his time. The Roman de Fauvel was broadly circulated throughout fourteenth hundred years France; a minimum of 12 modern manuscripts of the task are recognized to exist. One of the most elaborate of the manuscripts is normally a quantity in the Bibliothèque Nationale, fonds français 146. A sizeable musical dietary supplement was put into the reserve in 1316 by Raoul Chaillou de Pesstain, though non-e from the 192 musical functions bound in to the volume may actually have been constructed by him. A lot of the music is normally monophonic and private, and some of the pieces date back again to the past due twelfth century; newer functions were written specifically for addition in the Roman de Fauvel. Among known composers symbolized in the musical part are Philippe de Vitry (five functions), Adam de la Halle (one function), and Jehannot de Lescurel, specifically, whose whole extant corpus of 34 functions is known just in the Roman de Fauvel. With regards to structure types, the Roman de Fauvel is normally incredibly mixed for an early on fourteenth hundred years manuscript supply — it includes motets, conductus, ballades, chansons, antiphons, and a large selection of various other kinds of functions. The 34 motets within the Roman de Fauvel are especially famous, because they give a mini-library of a number of the first types of motet structure up to the work from the initial master from the genre, Philippe de Vitry. All together, this manuscript from the Roman de Fauvel is normally strongly valued being a reference for understanding the changeover between French ars antiqua as well as the initial flowering from the ars nova.

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