Probably one of the most enigmatic and inventive suppliers from the 1960s, George “Darkness” Morton was most famed for his strikes using the Shangri-Las, although he also did well known discs with Janis Ian, Vanilla Fudge, and the brand new York Dolls. Morton was nicknamed “Darkness” partly due to his elusive personality, and as he previously a knack for rotating fanciful tales, a lot of what he stated for himself and his information needed to be used having a grain of sodium. Whatever his precise part in these information, though, nobody queries that he do bring unpredictable creativity towards the classes that led to classics like “Innovator from the Pack,” “Keep in mind (Strolling in the Fine sand),” and “Society’s Kid.” Morton was raised in Brooklyn and Hicksville, NY, and was an associate of the rock and roll vocal group in the 1950s, the Marquees. In the Marquees times he fulfilled Ellie Greenwich, after that yet another teenage child performing and playing music. Years afterwards, in 1964, Morton discovered that Greenwich was today a hugely effective songwriter, within the group (Barry-Greenwich, with her hubby Jeff Barry) that had written or co-wrote great strikes just like the Ronettes’ “End up being My Baby,” the Dixie Mugs’ “Chapel of Appreciate,” as well as the Crystals’ “Da Doo Ron Ron.” Morton known as Greenwich, who asked him to her Brill Building workplace. On the ensuing conference Jeff Barry asked what Morton do; Darkness replied that he had written tracks, although he didn’t, actually. Contacting his bluff, Barry asked Morton to create him some strike tracks, and Morton, if his accounts is usually to be thought, hustled up a program using the Shangri-Las, an area teen young lady group that got completed some flop singles. On the path to the studio, stated Morton, he noticed he previously everything jointly but a tune, and pulled the automobile over to compose “Keep in mind (Strolling in the Fine sand)” in about 20 mins. Morton brought the demonstration directly into Barry, who instantly set programs in motion release a “Keep in mind (Strolling in the Fine sand)” as an individual. It’s one particular wonderful tales illustrating the anything-goes character of the overall game when rock and roll was youthful; imagine some hustler wanting to draw that in the steel-and-glass skyscrapers of Manhattan’s big brands of the later period. But Morton was a lot more than only a hustler; mainly because “Keep in mind (Strolling in the Fine sand)” demonstrated, he previously actual, if idiosyncratic, skill. Morton created a woman group melodrama using the quasi-classical melody and spooky chorus offering small except vocals, handclaps, history chanting, as well as the noises of sea waves and seagulls. “Keep in mind (Strolling in the Fine sand)” was a big strike, and later on in 1964 the Shangri-Las produced number one using the a lot more dramatic “Innovator from the Pack,” filled with a revving motorbike engine and noises of the ghastly crash, preceded by immediate shouts of caution from your Shangri-Las themselves. These discs designated Morton as the utmost imaginative maker of lady group information aside from Phil Spector. After getting Barry “Keep in mind (Strolling in the Fine sand),” Morton was employed as an employee producer for Crimson Bird Information, the indie label operate by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller in the middle-’60s. It had been on Crimson Bird the fact that Shangri-Las produced their numerous great strike and non-hit singles. Morton was still a newbie in the studio room in lots of ways, and he previously a whole lot of help from individuals who were in the Crimson Bird personnel or frequently carrying out work for Crimson Bird, such as for example Greenwich, Barry, Leiber, Stoller, and arranger Artie Butler. How much from the Shangri-Las discs was Morton and just how much was others will most likely never be motivated. Morton stated in Goldmine, for example, that Greenwich didn’t hear the “Head from the Pack” one (which she had written with Jeff Barry and Morton) until it had been on the air, which he provided Greenwich and Barry some composing and creation credits to provide them “a bit of the actions”; Greenwich hotly contested this. In the Shangri-Las’ information, however, Morton certainly acquired a knack for dramatic materials that was improved by offbeat details, like the seagulls in “Keep in mind (Strolling in the Fine sand),” the Eastern European-sounding violin in “I COULD Never GO BACK HOME Anymore,” as well as the funereal atmosphere of “Dressed up in Dark.” It is also doubtful that Morton’s outrageous ideas might have been conveyed successfully by anyone except the Shangri-Las, specially the songs — like “Keep in mind (Strolling in the Fine sand),” “I COULD Never GO BACK HOME Anymore,” and “Past, Present and Long term” — that relied on spoken narration. The Shangri-Las had been Morton’s only significant act through the middle-’60s, although he do try some Shangri-Las imitations with additional girl groups just like the Goodies as well as the Nu-Luvs; a hideous but interesting guide vocal tabs on “Dressed up in Dark” by Morton himself actually got released on archival Crimson Bird compilations. Both Shangri-Las and Crimson Bird, however, floor to a halt soon after Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller remaining Crimson Parrot in 1966. Morton’s following notable creation was the questionable “Society’s Kid” one by Janis Ian, a protest folk-rock tune about interracial love that was presented with a full-bodied pop/rock and roll arrangement with body organ and strings. The program was done for approximately $5,000 — a big amount for the middle-’60s — and Morton says he previously to look it to 22 brands, who had been cautious with the song due to its subject material, before Verve had taken it. Even after that it was not really a hit for most a few months, finally breaking through when Leonard Bernstein highlighted it on the television special. It could seem a critical teenage folk-rock vocalist/songwriter and Morton had been a mismatch taking into consideration his melodramatic, sometimes campy material using the Shangri-Las, but in fact they appeared to have a reasonably comfortable romantic relationship, with Morton finding yourself producing Ian’s 1st three albums aswell (the 3rd acknowledged to both Morton and Ian). In the past due ’60s, Morton also experienced a job in the psychedelic Long Isle rock and roll sound — extremely weighty and soul-influenced in experience, with overwrought vocals, guitars, and body organ — as maker of Vanilla Fudge’s early information. He do an individual for the Blues Task after Al Kooper remaining that group, so that as befits his name held an exceptionally low profile following the 1960s, although he do perform some Mott the Hoople stuff in the first ’70s. His last significant contribution to NY rock and roll was as manufacturer of the brand new York Dolls’ second record, Too Much TOO QUICKLY. It is unusual that the brand new York Dolls, frequently hailed as precursors to punk music, caused a producer who was simply not at all aligned with punk (Todd Rundgren, because of their debut) and another, Morton, who was simply a 1960s icon. Battling alcoholism in the 1970s and 1980s, Morton fell out of view in the music business, and was seldom interviewed. After a stay on the Betty Ford Medical clinic, he dry out and do reenter creation on some low-key tasks in the 1990s that didn’t attract wide open public attention. He passed away in Feb 2013 at age 72.