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Wanda Landowska

Biography

Possibly the single most influential popularizer from the harpsichord within the twentieth century, Wanda Alexandra Landowska began playing piano at age four. She got lessons with Jan Klecynski, moved into the Warsaw Conservatory where she researched piano with Aleksander Michalowski, and researched in Berlin with Moritz Moszkowski. In Berlin, she also researched composition, but accepted that she was defer from the textbook guidelines that bound the first stages of research in that art. She had a solid predilection for the music of Bach in her first piano recitals. She started to tour broadly like a pianist and, significantly, like a harpsichordist. In 1909, on the tour of Russia, she performed for older people writer Count number Lev Tolstoi, who required a keen desire for her sights of traditional music overall performance. Her husband, article writer Henry Lew, aided her in her extreme research of musical design and interpretation from the seventeenth and eighteenth hundreds of years. She centered on reviving the harpsichord as a full time income concert and recital device, getting an ancestor from the “initial devices” and “genuine overall performance” movements from the twentieth hundred years. In 1912, she commissioned the Pleyel piano developing firm to create the to begin many harpsichords created to her specs. In 1913, after becoming asked by Kretzschmar to provide a harpsichord workshop in the Berlin Hochschule für Musik, she became caught in Germany when Globe War I started. She and her spouse had been granted limited independence as “civil prisoners on parole” for the duration as Russian topics (Poland at that time was a province of Russia). After their launch by the end from the battle, her spouse was killed within an car accident in Berlin. Immediately after, she performed the continuo component inside a overall performance of Bach’s St. Matthew Enthusiasm in Basel, the very first time in that hundred years that this harpsichord was found in the overall performance of the fantastic work. Landowska got become confident that just the harpsichord was really appropriate towards the Baroque and early Classical intervals. She started teaching on the Basel Conservatory in 1919 and returned to instruct in Paris. She toured america for the very first time in 1923, acquiring four Pleyel harpsichords with her. Upon this tour, she made an appearance with Leopold Stokowski as well as the Philadelphia Orchestra, producing her initial acoustic recordings. (She experienced previously produced piano rolls.) She founded L’Ecole de Musique Ancienne in St.-Leu-la-Forêt, close to Paris, in 1925. She made an appearance in concerts in Paris, occasionally still playing piano. She commissioned from Manuel de Falla a masterpiece of contemporary harpsichord books, the Concerto for harpsichord and chamber ensemble, and a different one, Francis Poulenc’s Concert champêtre for harpsichord and orchestra. Once the Germans invaded France, Landowska fled her establishment, abandoning many harpsichords along with a collection of 10,000 quantities. She reached Banyuls-sur-mer, within the Pyrenees, and got passage to america in 1941. She offered a concert of harpsichord music in NY on Feb 2, 1942, and came back to teaching as her primary profession. She toured broadly and was especially noted on her behalf overall performance of Bach’s Goldberg Variants. She found a fresh house in Lakeville, CT, and documented an extremely acclaimed assortment of the entire Well-Tempered Clavier at age 70. She resided a couple weeks previous her 80th birthday. Her playing was strenuous, rhythmic, and vibrant. She experienced a predilection for an extremely strong-voiced, richly coloured instrument that’s questioned today by some; it really is opined that was a response contrary to the instrument’s general status for being dried out and colorless. She created contemporary harpsichord technique, which permits a significant amount of legato playing regardless of the instrument’s character being a producer of independently plucked notes.

Quick Facts


Full Name Wanda Landowska
Died August 16, 1959, Lakeville, Salisbury, Connecticut, United States
Profession Harpsichordist, Music Educator
Education Fryderyk Chopin University of Music
Nationality Polish, French
Awards Grammy Hall of Fame
Music Songs Toccata In D, Les baricades mystérieuses, Goldberg Variations, BWV 988: Variation 25, The Hop, English Suite No. 3 In G Minor: Gavotte, Polonaise in A Minor, Bourree d'Auvergne, Valses Viennoises, Ground in C Minor : Ground in C Minor, II. Larghetto, Sonata No. 17 in D Major for Piano, K.576: III. Allegretto, Sonata in D major Kk 490, Fantasia in D Minor, K. 397, Rondo in A Minor, K. 511, III. Allegrissimo, Two-Part Inventions, BWV 772-786: No. 1: C, Fantasia, BWV 919, in C Minor, Two-Part Inventions, BWV 772-786: No. 2: C Minor, Prelude and Fugue No. 24 in B Minor, BWV 893, Andante Favori In F Major, Two-Part Inventions, BWV 772-786: No. 4: D Minor, Prelude, Two-Part Inventions, BWV 772-786: No. 14: B-Flat, Sonata in D minor Kk 141, Two-Part Inventions, BWV 772-786: No. 15: B Minor, I. Adagio - Allegro molto, Piano Sonata In D Major K. 576: 3rd Movement - Allegretto, Goldberg Variations, BWV 988 Aria: Andante espressivo, Sonate pour piano in B-Flat Major, K. 333: I. Allegro, Two-Part Inventions, BWV 772-786: No. 8: F, Two-Part Inventions, BWV 772-786: No. 13: A Minor, Goldberg Variations, BWV 988: Variation XXVI
Albums Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book II, Bach - Goldberg Variations etc, Les chefs-d'œuvre du clavecin (Mono Version), Récital (Mono Version), Bach: Violin Sonata No. 3 & Schubert: Violin Sonata in A Major (Original Recordings 1944 & 1946), Bach: Goldberg Variations for Harpsichord, Mozart: Concerto pour piano No. 26 " Le couronnement" & Sonate pour piano No. 18 (Mono Version), Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Sonata No. 13 In B Flat Major / Sonata No. 5 In G Major / Rondo In A Minor, Landowska, Wanda: The complete commercial piano recordings (1937-1958), Great Ladies of the Piano-Vol.4, Classical SoundScapes For Film, Vol. 44, Mozart: Piano Concerto No. 22 & Piano Sonata No. 13, Haydn: Keyboard Sonatas, Hob. XVI:35 & XVI:49 (Mono Version), Wanda Landowska: J.S. Bach, Bach, J.S.: The Well-Tempered Clavier , Book II (Landowska) (1951-1954), Wanda Landowska Concerta, Great Musicians, Great Music: Wanda Landowska Performs Bach and Fischer, Goldberg Variations, Scarlatti: 20 Sonates pour clavecin (Mono Version), Bach: Concerto pour clavier, BWV 972 (From Antonio Vivaldi's Violin Concerto in D Major, RV 230, Mono Version), Mozart: Concertos Sonates, Rondo, Goldberg Variations / Italian Concerto / Chromatic Fantasy and Fugue, Goldberg Variationen (feat. harpsichord: Wanda Landowska), Bach: Le clavier bien tempéré, Livre II, Préludes et fugues Nos. 1 - 8 (Mono Version), Chambonnières, Rameau, Handel: Pièces pour clavecin (Mono Version), Mozart: Sonate pour piano No. 11, extrait, Minuet, K. 355 & Rondo, K. 485 (Mono Version), Scarlatti Sonatas Volume 2, Classical SoundScapes For Film, Vol. 4, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Plays Johann Sebastian Bach: The Well Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Bach: Concerto pour clavecin, BWV 1052 - Handel: Concerto, HWV 294 & Suite, HWV 434 (Mono Version), The Piano Masters: Wanda Landowska & Elly Ney (1935-1948), D. Scarlatti: Keyboard Sonatas, Testament musical de Wanda Landowska (Mono Version), Bach: Le clavier bien tempéré, Livre II, Préludes et fugues Nos. 17 - 24 (Mono Version), A Treasury of Concert Performances, Vol. 1, Musique polonaise - Bach: 15 Inventions à deux voix (Mono Version), Treasury of Harpsichord Music & Dances of Ancient Poland, Haydn: Andante et variations & Sonates pour clavier (Mono Version), Great Recordings Of The Century - JS Bach, The Artistry of Wanda Landowska, Pièces de clavecin (Mono Version), Joseph Haydn, Bach, J.S.: Well-Tempered Clavier, Book I (Landowska) (1949-1951), Goldberg Variations / Italian Concerto in F major / Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue in D minor (feat. harpsichord: Wanda Landowska), Grosse Pianisten - Wanda Landowska, The Artistry Of Wanda Landowska (Digitally Remastered), Bach:Well Tempered Clavier Book I, J.S. Bach: Works for Harpsichord, Mozart: Rondo, K. 511, Sonates pour piano Nos. 5 & 13 (Mono Version)


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Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
3rd Ave. El 1955 Short harpsichord
Blacktop: A Story of the Washing of a School Play Yard 1952 Short musician

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Blacktop: A Story of the Washing of a School Play Yard 1952 Short performer: "The Goldberg Variations"

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Monitor 1959 TV Series documentary Herself

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