The Brothers 4 bear a difference among the longest surviving sets of the later-’50s/early-’60s folk revival as well as perhaps the longest jogging “accidental” music action ever sold — 43 years and keeping track of by 2001, without the break and with two primary associates still in the flip. If few know that difference, then it is because the Brothers Four had been also element of a generally forgotten section in the annals of folk music in the us. Most accounts from the post-WWII folk music growth concentrate on the politics and issue-oriented branch from the music, embodied by Woody Guthrie and Bob Dylan, at the trouble from the softer, even more entertainment-oriented branch, embodied by famous brands the Kingston Trio, the Chad Mitchell Trio, as well as the Brothers Four. Those serves as well as the music they produced — though it marketed well and, certainly, for quite some time described what most Us citizens visualized when the expression “folk music” was talked about — are scarcely talked about generally in most histories; the Brothers Four aren’t also shown in the Guinness Who’s Who of Folk Music. One main misunderstanding about the Brothers Four is normally that these were an effort to emulate the Kingston Trio. In fact, Bob Flick (upright bass, baritone, bass), John Paine (electric guitar, baritone), Mike Kirkland (electric guitar, banjo, tenor), and Dick Foley (electric guitar, baritone) acquired fulfilled as undergraduates on the School of Washington in 1956 and started performing jointly in 1957, greater than a calendar year prior to the Kingston Trio produced their initial record. Folk music was flourishing for the most part liberal arts schools in those times, and every campus appeared to possess its talk about of trios and quartets, mainly drawn in the rates of their fraternities. Flick, Paine, Kirkland, and Foley had been all people of Phi Gamma Delta and aspired to professions in medicine, executive, and diplomacy — as amateur performers, nevertheless, they were great on their tools and happy campus audiences using their capability to harmonize on traditional music, novelty tracks, and passionate ballads. They flipped professional completely unintentionally, due to a useful joke. An associate of the rival fraternity organized for a female to phone the group people, determining herself as the secretary towards the supervisor of an area Seattle location, the Colony Golf club, and invite the quartet right down to audition. If they got there, they found that there is no invitation or any audition planned, but given that they were there in any case, the membership supervisor asked them to accomplish several music and finished up employing them. The engagement lasted through the majority of 1958, even though they were frequently paid off just in beer, the knowledge was invaluable for the reason that it allowed the group — christened after their impromptu audition as the Brothers Four — to draw its sound collectively as they under no circumstances could have if they’d continued to be confined to periodic shows on campus. Since it proved, if they’d prepared for professions in music, the timing from the Brothers Four couldn’t have already been better. In July of 1958, the solitary “Tom Dooley” from the Kingston Trio started its climb to three million product sales, as well as the folk revival growth snowballed following that. During Easter week of 1959, the Brothers Four produced their proceed to San Francisco for a few better gigs and gained a spot in the Hungry I golf club. It had been there that these were noticed by Mort Lewis, who was simply the supervisor of jazz pianist Dave Brubeck — Lewis persuaded the group to cut a demonstration tape, which he taken to Columbia Information. The label enjoyed what it noticed and instantly the quartet acquired a documenting agreement and a full-time supervisor. They found its way to NY on Independence Time of 1959 and spent another couple of weeks polishing their audio and repertory because of their documenting debut. The group’s initial one, “Chicka Mucha Hi Di”/”Darlin’ Won’t You Wait around,” disappeared with out a track in past due 1959. Lightning struck, nevertheless, using their second one, “Greenfields,” a somber, moody piece that were created four years previous by Terry Gilkyson, Richard Dehr, and Frank Miller of the simple Riders. The Brothers Four edition, highlighted by their elegant harmonies, was released early in 1960, charted in Feb of that season, and finally ascended to the quantity two spot throughout a 20-week operate in the very best 40. Abruptly, the Brothers Four had been second in prominence for the burgeoning folk revival picture and then the Kingston Trio and their near-contemporaries, the Limeliters, and got concert engagements across America. A debut record, The Brothers Four, premiered late that wintertime and reached the very best 20 nationally aswell. The group’s third solitary, “My Tani,” a bit of Hawaiian-flavored folk-pop released that springtime, passed relatively undetected, but their 4th solitary, “The Green Leaves of Summer time,” brought them considerably greater publicity. The Brothers Four edition from the track, drawn from your score from the John Wayne film The Alamo (the soundtrack privileges to which Columbia possessed), just reached the low parts of the graphs, however the group performed the Oscar-nominated track in the 1961 Academy Honours tv broadcast. “The Green Leaves of Summertime” was just a modest achievement as an individual, but their second record, BMOC (Greatest Music On/Off Campus), premiered past due in 1961 and produced the very best Ten. The quartet’s albums shown an extremely different and a lot more different sound than their singles got up compared to that stage — those initial two long-players, specifically, had been well-devised, having a wide selection of moods and noises within a folk framework; “Greenfields” and “The Green Leaves of Summer time” had been well balanced on each by upbeat, outgoing, spirited tunes such as for example “Hard Travellin'” and “I Am a Rovin’ Gambler.” Followers got real worth from those LP buys, as well as the albums just developed the group’s concert target audience. By this time around, the Brothers Four had been keeping a full-time concert routine, with 300 displays a 12 months, as a long way away as Japan, aswell as showing up on such tv range showcases as The Pat Boone Chevy Display, Mitch Miller’s Singalong (a no-brainer that, since Miller was responsible for the Performers and Repertory department at Columbia), as well as the Ed Sullivan Present. The Brothers Four Tune Book, released afterwards in 1961, drew on traditional materials, the majority of it modified with fresh terms by Homer Sunitch or Stuart Gotz. In addition they charted using the solitary “Frogg,” predicated on the traditional track “Froggy Went a Courtin’,” with fresh lyrics by Bob Flick, which offered the group an opportunity to lighten their audio on AM radio and surely got to quantity 32 with it in Apr of 1961; and “Blue Drinking water Collection,” which scraped the center region of the very best 100 in early 1962. The group’s concerts, which combined a great deal of humor in to the music, demonstrated sufficiently attractive in order that two live albums had been released in under a year’s period, PERSONALLY and Cross-Country Concert. The Brothers Four reached their peak of identification in 1963 if they documented “Hootenanny Saturday Evening,” the name theme in the ABC network series Hootenanny. The melody itself was no main achievement, nonetheless it provided the quartet every week exposure in the main television place for folk music — the series drew a devoted market from its debut in Apr of 1963, though it acquired a controversial 1 . 5 years of existence because of the fact that extremely “politics” experienced folk artists such as for example Pete Seeger weren’t allowed to seem. That dispute appeared like a fissure in the folk music community, nonetheless it was also a hint from the chasm that was quickly to start, not merely in musical circles but across American culture. Along with little groups just like the Kingston Trio, the Limeliters, the Highwaymen, the Chad Mitchell Trio, and big-band folk ensembles just like the New Christy Minstrels as well as the Serendipity Performers, the Brothers Four continuing to pull good-sized viewers in 1963. Even while Hootenanny was running right through its routine of existence, nevertheless, and these groupings were consistently getting their bookings at among the better venues, transformation was afoot about them. From Columbia Information that calendar year came Freewheelin’, the next record by Bob Dylan; composed of first tracks coping with such problems as civil privileges as well as the risk of nuclear annihilation, it had been virtually a call-to-arms to a era, an angry, stripped-down album-length message, and it had been becoming heard, and it had been motivating a far more activist make of folk listener to step of progress. Freewheelin’ and its own follow-up, THE CHANGING TIMES THEY MAY BE A-Changin’, both made an appearance at a spot when some university students had been starting not merely to grapple with those problems, but also issue whether teenagers really owed the federal government 2 yrs of their lives in armed forces service; and have why, if the armed forces could openly recruit on the campuses, they must not be absolve to criticize, as well as protest the presence of this same armed forces. Dylan’s direct impact might’ve heralded a steady modification in the folk music community. The strike one attained by Peter, Paul & Mary in the summertime of 1963 along with his “Blowin’ in the Blowing wind” — in conjunction with that trio’s appearance in the March on Washington for civil privileges that summer time (which culminated with Martin Luther King’s “I’VE a Desire” conversation) — nevertheless, appeared to yank folk music out of its secure, apolitical niche. THE BRAND NEW Christy Minstrels were able to avoid politics, but their big-band folk competitors the Serendipity Performers, producing their debut in 1964, included severe, issue-oriented tunes like “Freedom’s Superstar” on the first album, among amounts like “Dirt” and “Boot styles and Stetsons.” It could be argued that Dylan’s method of folk music, and especially his rough-hewn, Woody Guthrie-influenced persona, had been just as artificial and romanticized as that of the Brothers Four, but merely targeted at a different audience’s targets. There might’ve been area for both methods, but also for the introduction from the Beatles early in 1964. All of a sudden, this huge electrical audio from Britain was dominating the airwaves as well as the interest of record organization professionals. Worse still, a whole lot of teenagers had been hearing what could possibly be done with electrical musical instruments, and it provided them something to enthuse about this was wholly not the same as acoustic guitars, banjos, and bongos. Quickly, senior high school and university audiences wished to hear those same amplified noises, not folk tunes. Or, if indeed they did pay attention to folk music, they desired what was regarded as a more genuine brand of performing, ideally with some significant politics involvement someplace in the combine. By the finish of 1964, the Brothers Four & most of their co-workers had been shedding the youngest part of their pop listeners, and in addition access to the air channels that catered to them, and had been being shunted apart in folk circles from the even more extremely motivated, louder, angrier listeners that Dylan was sketching. So when Dylan merged his music with electrical devices in 1965, he strolled away with an enormous chunk from the folk target audience. The Brothers Four experienced never attempted to be politics either within their display of themselves or their selection of music. Their purpose was entertainment, not really rallying the public around causes, plus they couldn’t contend in this brand-new environment. From past due 1964 onward, these were relegated to the simple hearing category, alongside the Lettermen and Perry Como. Fortunately, Columbia was mostly of the record brands that kept that market in a few esteem. The albums Big Folk Strikes and Even more Big Folk Strikes made an appearance in 1963 and 1964, respectively, as well as the group got some airplay using their edition of “Make an effort to Keep in mind,” which became the name tabs on their following LP. In 1966, they do record the record A Beatles Songbook, which conceded the dominance from the United kingdom Invasion and in addition yielded popular on the simple listening graphs in the guise of “EASILY Fell.” The group held plugging along in its gentle folk continuum and discovered plenty of function in the us at resorts and other locations wedding caterers to adults who desired no portion of protest, politics strife, or electrical music, and abroad where audiences had been a little much less doctrinaire within their taste and loved American folk music completed by Americans. It had been in the middle- to past due ’60s that they started cultivating a concert and record-buying market in Japan, specifically, that was to provide the group well in the years to arrive. The 1967 Columbia record A FRESH World’s Record was the last to feature the initial lineup; co-founder Mike Kirkland still left in 1969, following loss of life of his kid, and was changed by Tag Pearson, another alumnus from the College or university of Washington, who not merely performed banjo and 12-string acoustic guitar but added piano with their audio. The group’s Columbia agreement finished in 1969 using the launch of Let’s GATHER, and they shifted to Fantasy Information for just one LP in 1970. In the years since, there were even more personnel adjustments — Pearson remaining after 2 yrs to be changed by Bob Haworth, who was simply in the group for 18 years before Pearson came back to achieve success him; Bob Flick remaining for 3 years in the 1970s aswell, to be changed by Tom Coe, who brought with him the audio from the electrical bass; and co-founder Dick Foley exited the lineup in 1990, after 31 years, to become been successful by Terry Lauber. Through all that time and directly into the start of the 21st hundred years, the Brothers Four by no means stopped operating. Their record product sales fell to practically nil in the 1970s, but there have been always resort resorts in america and international bookings to maintain them functioning full-time, very much as the reformed Kingston Trio functions steadily and information intermittently. Through the 1990s, the Brothers Four resumed documenting, this time around for the Folk Period label, releasing a fantastic live record from Japan, and noticed the start of some reissues of all of their early Columbia Information material on Compact disc from Collector’s Choice and Collectables Information.