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Ruth Crawford Seeger

Ruth Crawford was created for an itinerant Methodist minister and his wife. Upon graduating from senior high school, Crawford came into Foster’s College of Musical Artwork in Jacksonville, FL, learning piano. The Foster College relocated to Miami in 1921, and Crawford signed up for the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago. She remained until 1929, learning structure and theory with Adolf Weidig. Weidig urged her early attempts, and with her 1st Piano Preludes of 1924 Crawford got already created her own exclusive modern tone of voice. In 1926, Crawford made up her Sonata for Violin and Piano; performed at contemporary music concerts in the past due ’20s, it prompted a critic to remark that Crawford could “sling dissonances such as a guy.” She was regarded early on simply because a female composer who didn’t fit the sentimental stereotypes from the regular profile. In Chicago, Crawford became a member of the group of Djana Lavoie Herz, pianist and ex-follower of Scriabin; through Herz she fulfilled Dane Rudyhar, Henry Cowell, and pianist Richard Bühlig. Cowell quickly became a supporter of Crawford’s function, arranging for shows of her music in NY and posting it in the periodical SONGS Quarterly. Crawford proved helpful being a piano instructor for the kids of poet Carl Sandburg; it had been he who initial interested her in American folk music. She contributed agreements to his 1927 reserve The American Songbag, and afterwards created significant primary configurations to eight of his poems. By 1930, Ruth Crawford was a drive to become reckoned with in American modernism. Stylistically, her function stood out in its uncompromising usage of dissonance, contrapuntal ostinati, stunning choice of text messages and tidy formal structure. In March 1930, Crawford gained a Guggenheim Fellowship to go to European countries; the first girl so honored. In Berlin, Crawford constructed Three Chants established to a wordless text message for women’s chorus; this eerie, experimental function has no apparent parallels to any music created prior to the 1960s. The next year observed her most well-known function, String Quartet 1931, and using its publication Crawford supplied the definitive foil towards the previous maxim that ladies “cannot write” traditional music using the power and seriousness of male composers. In 1929, she started research with Charles Seeger, an integral amount in American music being a composer, theorist and musicologist. They wedded in 1932. She furthermore adopted many of Seeger’s theoretical strategies that tag the functions of her most successful period, 1930-1933; nevertheless, her composing found a digital standstill around 1934. Among her kids with Seeger had been little girl Peggy and kid Mike, both to be renowned folk performers and instructors in adulthood. In 1936, the Seegers transferred to Washington, D.C., to function in folk melody collecting for the Library of Congress. Crawford acted as transcriber for the reserve Our Singing Nation and, with Charles Seeger, for Folk Melody USA, both authored by John and Alan Lomax. As Ruth Crawford Seeger she released her very own pioneering collection, American Folk Music for Kids, in 1948, created for make use of in elementary levels. This as well as the various other “Crawford Seeger” books are thought to be key text messages in principal music education, and had been widely used and imitated in the field. Crawford just returned to significant composition using the Suite for Blowing wind Quintet in 1952. By enough time it was finished, she discovered she had tumor. Ruth Crawford passed away at age 52.

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