Richard Rodgers was the most effective composer of well-known music for the theater in the 20th century. During the period of a 60-yr career, he published the song ratings for 42 musicals staged on Broadway or in the Western End, aswell as 11 film musicals and two tv musicals (not really counting many film and Television adaptations of his stage productions), plus a few instrumental functions. Although some of his tunes became well-known strikes in sheet music and on information, he never published music self-employed from some dramatic framework. Furthermore to composing, he also sometimes collaborated on librettos for his displays and served like a manufacturer on their behalf. His function gained him Pulitzer Awards, Tony Honours, Grammy Honours, and an Academy Honor. For some of his profession, he worked specifically with 1 of 2 lyricists, Lorenz Hart (from 1919 to 1943) or Oscar Hammerstein II (from 1943 to 1960). His 38 professional displays and movies with Hart are appreciated primarily for the average person music that arrived of these, including “Manhattan,” “Blue Moon,” “You can Keep in mind,” “Quickly,” and “There’s a little Resort,” which had been documented for major strikes. For the 11 productions with Hammerstein (nine stage musicals, one film musical, and one tv musical), it is the functions themselves that remain memorable, especially Oklahoma!, Carousel, South Pacific, The Ruler and I, as well as the Audio of Music, each which created an original-cast and/or soundtrack recording that topped the graphs. Rodgers modified his writing design to each partner. With Hart, who generally had written the lyrics after Rodgers got made up the tune, he had written catchy tracks that matched up his partner’s wit and wordplay, leading to compositions that fascinated jazz music artists aswell as pop performers. With Hammerstein, who generally published the words 1st, he produced sweeping, long-lined melodies that occasionally recalled operetta. (He once stated that he frequently met individuals who idea that the Rodgers of Rodgers & Hart was someone different from your Rodgers of Rodgers & Hammerstein, and he wasn’t completely sure these were incorrect.) After Hammerstein’s loss of life, Rodgers continuing to function for another 19 years — best up to his very own death, actually — occasionally collaborating with brand-new lyricists, but often writing both phrases and music by himself, plus some of his more lucrative functions past due in life had been the types he did only. Rodgers was created into an upper-middle-class family members in NY; his dad, William Abraham Rodgers, was your physician. Dr. Rodgers and his wife, Mamie (Levy) Rodgers, regularly went to Broadway musicals and would choose the ratings of the displays to sing and play in the home. Rodgers in early stages showed a pastime in music, selecting melodies around the piano. By age nine, he was composing them himself. The 1st complete tune he recalled composing was “Campfire Times,” a tribute the summertime camp he went to in 1916. His old brother Mortimer went to nearby Columbia School, and on March 28, 1917, still 14 years of age, Rodgers went to the Columbia Varsity Display, Home, James, and his brother presented him to Oscar Hammerstein II, a Columbia laws student, who wrote the reserve and lyrics for the display and made an appearance in it. (Lorenz Hart, also a Columbia college student in addition to a participant in the display, did not meet up with Rodgers at this juncture.) Rodgers’ sibling also offered him the chance to create the music for his 1st display. Mortimer Rodgers belonged to the Akron Golf club, an athletic corporation, which made a decision to increase money to get smoking cigarettes for American soldiers fighting in Globe War I also to that end placed on a musical revue. non-e from the associates had been musically inclined, nevertheless, therefore Rodgers was recruited to create the tunes, as well as the display, One Minute Make sure you, gave one efficiency in the Grand Ballroom from the Plaza Resort on Dec 29, 1917. Just a little over a yr later on, in the past due winter season of 1919, while focusing on a second advantage present, Up Stage and Down (also installed for one functionality, on the Grand Ballroom from the Waldorf-Astoria Resort on March 8, 1919), Rodgers finally was presented to Lorenz Hart, who was simply after that adapting German performs into British for the Schubert theatrical firm; the two decided to form a songwriting relationship. Hart aimed a revised edition of Up Stage and Down known as Twinkling Eye that performed for one overall performance inside a Broadway theatre on, may 18, 1919, although he didn’t write the tracks, a lot of which got lyrics by Rodgers, along with three added by Hammerstein (who was simply already released on a specialist profession). Rodgers & Hart obtained an early achievement if they persuaded veteran comic acting professional and maker Lew Areas to interpolate among their tunes, “Any Aged Place With You,” into his display A Lonely Romeo in the past due summer time of 1919, Rodgers’ 1st composition to become heard in a normal Broadway display. On the other hand, the budding composer was still just 17 years of age, and in nov 1919 he started taking extension classes at Columbia, producing him a freshman and permitted compose the varsity present, which he accepted was his just reason for likely to the faculty. The music he published for the display, Fly BESIDE ME (which experienced four shows beginning on March 24, 1920), confident Areas to allow Rodgers & Hart compose the music for his following Broadway musical, Poor Small Ritz Girl. Areas afterwards hedged his wager and replaced fifty percent from the music with types by Sigmund Romberg and Alex Gerber, but Rodgers & Hart still could state they had acquired their initial present on Broadway when the creation opened to get a 93-performance operate on July 28, 1920. Up up to now, the career from the 18-year-old Rodgers appeared to be shifting very fast; after that it slowed down substantially. He again had written the Columbia Varsity Display, You’ll Never Understand, aimed by Hammerstein among others, which performed four shows starting on Apr 20, 1921. But from then on he still left Columbia and enrolled on the Institute of Musical Artwork (afterwards renamed Juilliard) to focus on music, keeping until June 1923. During this time period, he and Hart had written tracks for several amateur displays, but their following professional effort emerged if they, along with Lew Areas’ boy Herbert, had written a play, The Melody Guy, beneath the pseudonym Herbert Richard Lorenz, plus a couple of tunes for this, and Lew Areas created it starting on, may 13, 1924, for 56 shows. At this time, finished along with his education and having reached age 23, Rodgers regarded as quitting music like a career. He previously been offered employment being a salesman and was going to accept it when the Theater Guild asked him and Hart to create the tracks for another advantage present, a musical revue known as The Garrick Gaieties. The display performed its planned two shows on, may 17, 1925, but demonstrated so well-known that it had been given a normal commercial operate, ultimately amounting to 161 shows, Rodgers & Hart’s initial strike display. Their rating created two song strikes, aswell. “Manhattan” was presented with well-known instrumental recordings from the Knickerbockers and Paul Whiteman’s orchestra. The Knickerbockers also documented “Sentimental Me,” as do the Regent Golf club Orchestra led by pianists Victor Arden and Phil Ohman. (Rodgers could have been interested in the achievement of these music in sheet music product sales, nevertheless. Like such peers as Jerome Kern and Cole Porter, he very much preferred to possess his music performed just as that they had been created for the stage, much less these were rearranged by dance rings or reinterpreted by pop performers on records, despite the fact that those recordings helped popularize his function.) The achievement of The Garrick Gaieties released Rodgers & Hart. More than another six years, they installed an extraordinary 16 additional displays in NY and London, basically three which ran at least 100 shows each, a standard of success in the time. Apart from 1927’s A Connecticut Yankee, non-e proved unforgettable as displays, but they offered a steady blast of music that created strike recordings and continued to become criteria: from Dearest Foe (1925), “Within My Hands,” documented instrumentally with the orchestras of Leo Reisman and Jack port Shilkret; from THE LADY Friend (1926), the name song, documented by George Olsen & His Orchestra, and “The Blue Space,” documented vocally from the Revelers and instrumentally by Sam Lanin & His Orchestra as well as the Melody Sheiks, and revived to get a graph admittance in 1949 by Perry Como, who sang it in the Rodgers & Hart film biography Terms and Music; from the next edition from the Garrick Gaieties (1926), “Hill Greenery,” documented instrumentally from the orchestra of Roger Wolfe Kahn; from Peggy-Ann (1926), “Where’s That Rainbow?,” documented by Olsen, and “A Tree in the Recreation area,” documented by Helen Morgan and by Frank Black’s orchestra; from A Connecticut Yankee (1927), “Thou Swell,” documented with the Broadway Nitelites, and “My Center Stood Still” (originally noticed in the London revue One Dam Issue After Another), documented by Olsen, the Broadway Nitelites, and Paul Whiteman; from Present Hands (1928), “You Took Benefit of Me,” documented by Whiteman, and “SHOULD I Listen to You Stating ‘I Like You’?,” documented with the group of Vaughn DeLeath and Frank Harris; from Springtime IS HERE NOW (1929), “Using a Song in my own Center,” documented by Reisman and by Wayne Melton; from Basic Simon (1930), “Ten Cents a Dance,” documented by Ruth Etting, who launched it on-stage; from Ever Green (1930), “Dance around the Ceiling,” documented by Jack port Hylton & His Orchestra; and from America’s Sweetheart (1931), “I’ve Got Five Dollars,” documented with the orchestras of Emil Coleman and Ben Pollack. The introduction of sound in films in 1927 resulted in a pastime in film musicals, and many of Rodgers & Hart’s displays had been adapted as movies, often much changed. Spring IS HERE NOW, Leathernecking (predicated on Present Hands), and Minds Up all opened up as films in 1930. And in addition, the film studios became thinking about hiring songwriters to create musicals straight for the display. At the same time, the starting point from the Unhappiness in past due 1929 managed to get more challenging to mount displays on Broadway. Beginning in 1930, Rodgers & Hart started working frequently in Hollywood, plus they did not possess a fresh musical on Broadway for pretty much five years between 1931 and 1935. (On the other hand, Rodgers wedded Dorothy Feiner on March 5, 1930. Their initial daughter, Mary, continued to become musical movie theater composer, as do her boy, Adam Guettel.) Rodgers & Hart authorized a agreement with Warner Bros., but ultimately worked for a number of from the film studios. Their initial main film was The Scorching Heiress, released in March 1931, but their first proper achievement in the films came with Appreciate Me Tonight, starring Maurice Chevalier and Jeanette MacDonald, which opened up in August 1932 and presented the song strikes “Like Me Tonight” (documented by Bing Crosby and by George Olsen), “Enthusiast” (documented by Paul Whiteman, Man Lombardo, and Greta Keller, and revived for a high Ten strike by Peggy Lee in 1952), “Isn’t It Passionate?” (documented by Harold Stern & His Orchestra), and “Mimi” (documented by Chevalier and by Frank Crumit using the Paul Biese Trio). Al Jolson, who starred in Hallelujah, I’m a Bum (Feb 1933), produced a documenting from the Rodgers & Hart name tune. Their last significant achievement in Hollywood emerged the film Mississippi, starring Crosby and released in Apr 1935. “Shortly,” which Crosby documented, was number 1 within the 1st broadcast of the air series Your Strike Parade on Apr 20, 1935, and “You can Keep in mind,” also documented by Crosby, was within the list aswell. One other main Rodgers & Hart music dates using their Hollywood period. They published a song known as “Prayer” for the film Hollywood Revue, nonetheless it was slice before launch. With a fresh group of lyrics, it became “The Poor in Every Guy,” sung by Shirley Ross in Manhattan Melodrama in 1934. Hart after that composed just one more lyric, and it had been published individually as “Blue Moon,” making effective recordings by Glen Grey & the Casa Loma Orchestra, Benny Goodman & His Orchestra, and Al Bowlly. After Mel Tormé sang it in Terms and Music, he documented it for any graph entrance in 1949, as do Billy Eckstine. Elvis Presley acquired a graph entrance with it in 1956, and in 1961 the Marcels had taken a doo wop treatment to number 1, accompanied by charting addresses by Natural herb Lance as well as the Endeavors. Rodgers became disenchanted using the lax function ethic as well as the lowly position of songwriters in Hollywood, and he and Hart came back to NY, where they re-established themselves using their rating for the stage extravaganza Jumbo. Starting November 16, 1935, it went 233 shows, and such music as “LITTTLE LADY Blue,” “THE MOST AMAZING Gal in the Globe,” and “My Love” may have become strikes at that time if the manufacturer had not positioned analysis on radio shows of them within a misguided try to boost the container office. (That manufacturer got his name within the name when Billy Rose’s Jumbo premiered like a film starring Doris Day time in 1962, along with a soundtrack recording that reached quantity 33 in the graphs.) Over another seven years, Rodgers & Hart place nine fresh musicals on Broadway, which eight went for at least 235 shows each, enough to make sure a revenue. These displays through the team’s second stage of theatrical function tend to end up being relatively better known for themselves, specifically because many had been adapted as well-known motion pictures. Progressively, as well, the songwriters also offered as librettists or suppliers from the displays. ON YOUR OWN Toes (1936), using a reserve by Rodgers, Hart, and George Abbott, included “There’s a little Resort,” that was documented by Hal Kemp & His Orchestra and acquired ten weeks in the strike parade, aswell as “Pleased to become Unsatisfied,” revived for a high 40 strike from the Mamas & the Papas in 1967. In addition, it highlighted a ballet, “Slaughter on Tenth Avenue,” so when this is recreated in Phrases and Music in 1948, it became well-known, with graph recordings by Lennie Hayton & the M-G-M Studio room Orchestra (excerpted from your soundtrack) in 1949, Ray Anthony in 1952, as well as the Endeavors in 1964. Babes in Hands (1937), having a publication by Rodgers & Hart, was filled with music that became hallmarks, included in this “I Desire I Had been in Love Once again,” “THE GIRL Is normally a Tramp,” and “My Crazy Valentine,” aswell as “Where or When,” which Dion & the Belmonts revived for a high Ten strike in 1960 as well as the Lettermen charted with in 1963. The name melody from I Wedded an Angel (May 1938), another display using a Rodgers & Hart libretto, was documented by Larry Clinton & His Orchestra and spent seven weeks in the strike parade. The Young boys From Syracuse (November 1938) included “This CAN NOT BE Love,” documented by Benny Goodman, and spent ten weeks in the strike parade. WAY TOO MANY Women (1939) included “I Didn’t KNOW VERY WELL WHAT Time IT HAD BEEN,” documented by Goodman, with seven weeks in the strike parade. A dispute between your songwriters’ licensing company ASCAP and the air networks probably avoided the music from Pal Joey (1940) from getting strikes at that time. But “Bewitched” belatedly obtained in 1950 without significantly less than nine graph recordings, five which reached the very best Ten, probably the most effective being the main one by Expenses Snyder & His Orchestra. Columbia Information’ 1950 studio-cast documenting from the rating helped result in a Broadway revival that was a lot more effective than the first creation. Frank Sinatra starred inside a film edition in 1957, producing a number 2 soundtrack recording. By the past due ’30s, Rodgers was getting Hart increasingly more difficult to utilize. An alcoholic, the lyricist became more and more unreliable to the idea that Rodgers occasionally acquired to finish what to music himself, and he was just able to obtain Hart to focus on the team’s 1942 musical By Jupiter by firmly taking an area in a healthcare facility where Hart was dealing with alcohol-related disease. Rodgers have been approached from the Theater Guild with an present to adapt the play Green Grow the Lilacs, about existence in the Indian Place in the turn from the hundred years, right into a musical. Hart had not been thinking about such homespun subject material, and both decided to use outside collaborators for the very first time since in twenty years. Hart used projects with various other composers, none which found fruition. Rodgers known as Hammerstein, who decided to write the publication and lyrics for the display that became Oklahoma! Oklahoma!, which opened up on Broadway on March 31, 1943, was a milestone in a number of respects. First, it had been wildly effective, running for a lot more than five years, a complete of 2,212 shows, which managed to get typically the most popular stage musical in Broadway background up compared to that period. One consequence of that achievement was that it transformed objectives about musicals, a lot of which have been loosely plotted combos of music and dances up compared to that period. Oklahoma! had not been the first “integrated” musical where the music are created in personality and serve to progress the storyline, but its achievement produced such musicals the dominant design for Broadway thereafter. Oklahoma! also revolutionized the record business when Rodgers & Hammerstein decided to allow Decca Information record the initial ensemble on an record from the show’s tracks. In its preliminary release as a couple of 78s, that recording sold half of a million copies; it had been thought to possess offered another two million by 1960. Alfred Drake, who starred in the display, reached the graphs with his documenting of “The Surrey Using the Fringe at the top,” excerpted from your solid recording. Pop singers had been quick to hide other tracks: “People Will State We’re in Like” was presented with three graph recordings, two which reached the very best Ten, a duet by Bing Crosby and Trudy Erwin, and a single edition by Frank Sinatra; Crosby and Erwin also bested Sinatra on “Oh! Just what a Beautiful Mornin’,” addressing quantity five as he peaked at 15; and “June Is usually Bustin’ Out AROUND” was a high Ten strike for Hildegarde with Man Lombardo & His Royal Canadians. The achievement of Oklahoma! didn’t immediately spell the finish of Rodgers & Hart as well as the establishment of Rodgers & Hammerstein. Rather, Rodgers returned to dealing with Hart on the revised edition of the Connecticut Yankee, while Hammerstein composed an English-language, musical-theater version of Georges Bizet’s opera Carmen. But five times after A Connecticut Yankee’s starting on November 17, 1943, Hart passed away of pneumonia. Following the effective starting of Hammerstein’s Carmen Jones, with Oklahoma! still carrying out sellout business, Rodgers suggested making their relationship permanent. Their following musical was Carousel, predicated on Liliom, a Hungarian play by Ferenc Molnár that were translated by Hart. Starting on Apr 19, 1945, it went 890 shows, with a solid recording that spent six weeks at number 1 on Billboard magazine’s recently created record graph. “EASILY Loved You” was presented with four TOP recordings, one of the most effective by Perry Como (with a high 40 graph revival by Chad & Jeremy in 1965), while Frank Sinatra documented “YOU MAY NEVER Walk Only” for a high Ten strike. (There have been four graph revivals in the 1960s, one of the most effective which was Patti LaBelle & Her Bluebelles’ Best 40 strike in 1964.) Rodgers & Hammerstein after that accepted an give to write tracks to get a musical remake from the film Condition Good. Released in August 1945, the film boasted six tracks, included in this the Academy Award-winning “IT COULD as Well Become Spring,” which there have been three TOP recordings, probably the most effective by bandleader Sammy Kaye. There have been also three graph recordings of “That’s for me personally,” two in the very best Ten, with Jo Stafford getting the most well-known one. Dick Haymes, who made an appearance in the film, charted with both tunes and also documented his own Condition Fair solo recording, which strike number 1. (Much afterwards, the film was modified right into a stage musical that reached Broadway in 1996.) Time for Broadway, Rodgers & Hammerstein following released Allegro (Oct 10, 1947), their initial commercial disappointment, though it experienced a work of 315 shows and “UP TO NOW” brought three graph recordings, with one, Frank Sinatra’s, producing the very best Ten. In Dec 1948, Phrases and Music opened up in concert halls. Its biography of Rodgers & Hart was generally fictionalized, nonetheless it was filled with the songwriters’ traditional music, as well as the soundtrack recording offering Mickey Rooney (who performed Hart), Judy Garland, Lena Horne, while others, topped the graphs for six weeks. Rodgers & Hammerstein bounced back again from Allegro with South Pacific (Apr 7, 1949), predicated on two tales in Adam Michener’s bestseller Stories from the South Pacific and starring Broadway veteran Mary Martin and opera superstar Ezio Pinza. Being successful the Tony Award for greatest musical, the present went 1,925 shows, second at that time and then Oklahoma!, as well as the solid recording spent an archive 69 weeks at number 1, reportedly selling almost three million copies by 1963. In addition, it created several pop strikes: “Bali Ha’i” (five graph recordings, two in the very best Ten, with Perry Como in the business lead), “Some Enchanted Evening” (seven graph recordings, six in the very best Ten, with Como striking number one, and also a Best 40 revival by Jay & the Us citizens in 1965 and a graph entrance by Jane Olivor in 1977), and “AN EXCELLENT Man” (four graph recordings, led by Margaret Whiting). The Ruler and I (March 29, 1951), Rodgers & Hammerstein’s 5th present, was their third to have significantly more when compared to a thousand shows, 1,246 to become precise, and their second Tony Award champion for greatest musical. Even though the solid recording stopped at number 2 in the graphs, the rating included “We Kiss inside a Darkness,” taken in to the graphs by Sinatra as “We Kissed within a Darkness,” along with such potential specifications as “Hello, Little Fans,” which Paul Anka revived for a high 40 strike in 1960; the instrumental “March from the Siamese Kids,” a graph access for Kenny Ball & His Jazzmen in 1962; and “I’VE Dreamed,” a graph record for Chad & Jeremy in 1965. Rodgers experienced taken occasional projects to write solely instrumental music over time, but his most ambitious was the rating for the documentary tv series Success at Sea, informing the story from the naval fights of World Battle II, broadcast every week over NBC in 26 half-hour installments from Dec 26, 1952, to Apr 6, 1953. After it had been edited and released as an attribute film, a soundtrack recording became a high Ten strike in 1954, accompanied by similarly effective successors in 1958 and 1961. Rodgers & Hammerstein proved helpful regularly through all of those other 1950s, generally without complementing the achievement of their prior displays on-stage, although movies of those displays had been massively well-known. Their following musical, Me and Juliet (May 28, 1953) got a unsatisfactory 358-performance operate, but the solid recording reached number 2 and “No Additional Like” became lots one strike for Perry Como. The to begin many big-budget film variations of Rodgers & Hammerstein musicals, Oklahoma! premiered in Oct 1955, along with a soundtrack record that spent a month at number 1 and marketed two million copies. On the other hand, the next from the team’s stage displays, FANTASY (November 13, 1955), was their least effective, with a operate of just 246 shows, although Como strike amount 11 with “All at one time YOU LIKE Her” and Eddie Fisher reached amount 20 with “Everybody’s Got a House but Me,” defeating out a contending graph edition by Roy Hamilton. Carousel reached the display in Feb 1956, along using its soundtrack LP, which strike number 2 and marketed a million copies, as well as the Ruler and I implemented in July, its soundtrack striking number 1 and going yellow metal, with sales ultimately moving the one-million tag. Ella Fitzgerald strike the graphs with her dual LP Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Rodgers and Hart Track Publication in March 1957, achieving amount 11. Rodgers & Hammerstein considered television, composing their own edition of Cinderella, that was broadcast go on CBS March 31, 1957, starring Julie Andrews, accompanied by a charting recording and charting cover of “Perform I REALLY LIKE You (Because You’re Beautiful)” by Vic Damone. (There have been subsequent variations in 1965 and 1997.) After that arrived the South Pacific film in March 1958, along with a soundtrack that spent 31 weeks at number 1. Both film and LP had been the year’s most effective, as well as the record reportedly offered eight million copies world-wide. Rodgers produced a uncommon appearance like a documenting musician himself in 1958, associated Mary Martin on the piano for the LP Mary Martin Sings, Richard Rodgers Has. Rodgers & Hammerstein’s 8th stage musical, Rose Drum Melody (Dec 1, 1958) was their biggest achievement in seven years, operating 601 shows, with lots one, gold-selling solid record that eventually marketed more than a million copies world-wide. (The film edition that followed 2 yrs later created a soundtrack that strike quantity 15.) However the duo obtained their last great achievement with The Audio of Music (November 16, 1959), once again starring Mary Martin. It linked for the Tony Prize for greatest musical and went 1,443 shows, using a Grammy-winning ensemble record that spent 16 weeks at number 1 (using a reported sale of over two million copies). The rating included such favorites as “Climb Ev’ry Hill” (which created graph recordings for Tony Bennett in 1960 as well as the Hesitations in 1968), “The Sound of Music” (a graph access for Patti Web page), “Do-Re-Mi” (a graph entrance for choral head Mitch Miller who utilized the children in the ensemble in the saving), and “THE BEST Points” (a Christmastime graph entry for Plant Alpert & the Tijuana Brass within an instrumental saving that helped set up it as any occasion traditional). But on August 23, 1960, the Rodgers & Hammerstein group finished when Hammerstein passed away of cancers. 1 Rodgers, after that 58 years of age, initially continued alone while searching for another collaborator. His music was noticed in the documentary tv series Winston Churchill – The Valiant Years, working from November 27, 1960, to May 21, 1961. After that he changed his focus on Broadway, composing both terms and music for No Strings (March 15, 1962). The display went a lucrative 580 shows and created a high Ten cast recording that received a Grammy Award, while “The Sweetest Seems” was nominated for the Grammy for Music of the entire year. He also composed new music for the 1962 remake of Condition Good starring Pat Boone, Ann-Margret, and Bobby Darin. The soundtrack record reached amount 12. Also in 1962, Rodgers was appointed chief executive and producing movie director from the Music Theatre of Lincoln Middle, an organization specialized in mounting limited-run summer season revivals of great musicals in the brand new York Condition Movie theater on the lately constructed Lincoln Middle for the Arts complicated in NY. From 1964 to 1969, he placed on some displays including revivals of his personal functions and such classics as Annie GET A Gun and Display Sail boat. Rodgers’ last great triumph emerged in March 1965 using the opening from the film edition of The Audio of Music, starring Julie Andrews. He had written two new tracks (“I’VE Self-confidence” and “Something Great”) for the film, which continued to best Eliminated using the Blowing wind as the best grossing film ever sold up compared to that period, having a soundtrack that strike number 1 and went precious metal, reportedly offering seven million copies world-wide. The same month brought a fresh Rodgers musical, WILL I Listen to a Waltz?, that he enlisted Stephen Sondheim (Western world Side Tale, Gypsy) mainly because lyricist. However the display was a disappointment, operating only 220 shows, having a cast recording that hardly reached the very best 100. Another era became alert to Rodgers’ early use The Supremes Sing Rodgers & Hart, which inserted the graphs in June 1967 and increased to quantity 20. Rodgers came back to composing by himself for any television musical edition of George Bernard Shaw’s play Androcles as well as the Lion starring Noël Coward that shown in November 1967. His last lucrative musical was Two by Two, which combined him with lyricist Martin Charnin (afterwards known for Annie) and starred Danny Kaye; it went 343 shows after starting November 10, 1970. Rex (1976), created with Sheldon Harnick (Fiddler on the top) was a flop, but Rodgers, right now in his 70s, ongoing to function. I RECALL Mama, his last musical, with lyrics by Charnin, opened up May 31, 1979, and went 108 shows, until Sept 2, 1979. Four a few months later, Rodgers passed away of heart failing at age group 77. Well in to the 21st hundred years, fascination with Rodgers’ music demonstrated no signals of dying out, nevertheless. On the other hand, his music with Hart continuing to form a simple vocabulary (together with his peers, Irving Berlin, George Gershwin, Jerome Kern, and Cole Porter) for jazz music artists and traditional pop performers, while his musicals with Hammerstein had been revived often on phases from Broadway to quality schools. (Actually a number of the Rodgers & Hart musicals loved revivals, albeit with significantly modified librettos and many tune interpolations.) As his centenary handed in 2002, Rodgers’ popularity as the pre-eminent composer for the American musical movie theater seemed secure.