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Raymond Leppard

Biography

Raymond John Leppard, among the foremost Uk conductors from the twentieth hundred years, in addition has been a film rating composer and a respected scholar and conductor within the motion to revive older music to the level in shows of authentic design. Although he was created in London, he grew up in the vacation resort town of Shower. He graduated from Trinity University, Cambridge, in 1952. There, his educators had been Hubert Middleton and Boris Ord. While at Cambridge, he analyzed harpsichord and viola, was a choral conductor, and became music movie director from the Cambridge Philharmonic Culture. His professional debut is at 1952 in London’s Wigmore Hall, like a conductor. He specific in music from the seventeenth and eighteenth hundreds of years, frequently conducting from your harpsichord as he offered inventive, actually witty realizations from the harpsichord continuo parts. He also carried out in English opera homes, still socializing in Baroque and Classical period music. In 1957, he became a lecturing fellow at Trinity, staying in that placement until 1967. In 1959, he debuted at Covent Backyard in a creation of Handel’s Samson, marking the bicentenary of this opera. He initial appeared on the Glyndebourne Celebration in 1962 with Sadler’s Wells in 1965. During all of this time, he previously formed a link using the Goldsborough Orchestra, which afterwards became the British Chamber Orchestra. A lot of his early concert recordings and performances were using the E.C.O. For the time being, he embarked on two main fields of undertaking outside executing and teaching: film rating composition and editing and enhancing of Baroque operas. He had written a lot of film ratings, including the traditional Lord from the Flies (1963). His last rating was Resort New Hampshire (1985). He edited operas of Monteverdi and Cavalli and his initial such model was a realization of Monteverdi’s L’incoronazione di Poppea, which he executed at Glyndebourne in 1962. His editions of the operas and his performing them brought them back again to the public frequently for the very first time in 300 years and was a significant boost towards the motion to recreate Baroque opera as well as other music of composers from the hundred years before Bach. Nevertheless, Leppard isn’t an integral part of what is known as the “genuine” or “period” device motion, dealing with the musical instruments that may be within the world’s opera orchestras of today. The time instrument adherents discover factors to criticize in his determination to transpose vocal parts especially of leading male jobs from alto performers to male tone of voice range, his restructuring from the libretti to newer dramatic likes, and the overall richness from the orchestration. He answers these criticisms in his publication Authenticity in Music. As much of his editions are released, they remain the foundation for many contemporary productions of such functions as Monteverdi’s Orfeo and Il ritorno d’Ulisse in patria and Cavalli’s L’Ormindo, La Calista, and L’Orione. The Italian authorities offers honored him using the name of Commendatore for his solutions in getting early Italian music back again to the repertory. In the mean time, he expanded is usually activities in to the regular repertory. He was primary conductor from the BBC North Symphony Orchestra (right now the BBC Philharmonic) (1973-1980). His American debut is at 1969 using the Westminster Choir and the brand new York Philharmonic inside a concert where he performed and carried out the Haydn D main harpsichord concerto. His theatrical debut within the U.S. was at the Santa Fe Opera in 1974, leading L’Egisto. He also carried out a unforgettable revival of Virgil Thomson’s MOM folks All at Santa Fe and debuted in the Metropolitan Opera in 1978 leading Britten’s Billy Budd. He resolved in america in 1976 and became primary guest conductor from the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra (1984-1990). His main orchestral session was as music movie director from the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra (1987), where he stepped down on the expiration of his most recent contract in the first 2000s. His avowed purpose was to maintain this 87-piece, full-time orchestra exactly the same size (which he considers perfect for Classical repertory which area of the Intimate and twentieth hundred years repertory that adheres to neo-Classical symphonic custom) and ensure it is the very best “Classical orchestra” on earth. He has produced a lot more than 170 recordings in Britain as well as the U.S. on many main and independent brands, including EMI, London, Lyrita, and Koss Classics, and it has won just about any international recording award. In Indianapolis, he has generated a warm, elegant audio to increase his known virtues of clearness of series, lightness of rhythmic contact, and outstanding phrasing.

Quick Facts


Full Name Raymond Leppard
Date Of Birth August 11, 1927
Profession Conductor
Education Trinity College, Cambridge
Nationality English, British
Albums The London Concert, Dido and Aeneas (English Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor: Raymond Leppard), Dido & Aeneas, Orfeo ed Euridice, Opera Arias, Brandenburg" Concertos nos. 1, 2, & 3, Brandenburg Concertos Nos. 4, 5 & 6 (English Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor: Raymond Leppard), Eighteenth Century Shakespearean Songs, Monteverdi: Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria, SV 325, Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125 "Choral" (The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Raymond Leppard), Purcell, Handel, Viotti, Spohr: Sonates et duos (Mono Version), Goin' For Baroque, Music For Four Harpsichords, Overture in C major "In the Italian Style" / Symphony No. 3 / Sonata in D major "Grand Duo", Brandenburg Concertos Nos. 4-6 (English Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor: Raymond Leppard), Ludwig van Beethoven, Symphony No. 9 In D Minor, Op. 125 (Choral Symphony / Ode To Joy), Lully: Pièces de symphonie, The Coronation of Poppea, Mozart: Great Mass in C Minor; Exsultate, Jubilate, Das Lied von der Erde, Violin Concertos Nos. 3, 5 / Adagio for Violin and Orchestra, Clarinet Concerto / Flute and Harp Concerto, Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf / Britten: The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra, Sinfonia Concertante in E-flat major, K. 364 / Concertone in C major, K. 190, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Flute Concertos, Violin Concertos No. 1, K.207 & No.4, K.218, Samson, Violin Concerto No. 2 K. 211, Overture to Genoveva and Overture, Scherzo and Finale, Ransom Wilson: The Flute Concertos, Concerti per 1, 2, 3, e 4 Cembali, Janet Baker sings Handel: Largo: Ombra mai fù / Cantata « Lucrezia », Baroque Music for Trumpets (English Chamber Orchestra feat. trumpet: Wynton Marsalis, conductor: Raymond Leppard), Purcell: Dido and Aeneas, Violin Concertos (complete), Baroque Music for Trumpet (English Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor: Raymond Leppard; Wynton Marsalis; Edita Gruberova), Baroque Favourites, Popular Orchestral Suites, HMV Classics - Mass in C Minor, The Art of Vivaldi, American Dreams: Barber's Adagio & Other American Romantic Masterpieces, Bach, J.S.: The Concertos for One and Two Harpsichords, Handel: Water Music/Music for the Royal Fireworks, Brahms: Alto Rhapsody - Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde, Great CBS Masterworks Recordings of Baroque Favorites from "Kramer vs. Kramer", Music for the Royal Fireworks / Water Music, Cantates célèbres / Magnificat in D major, BWV 243, Handel Edition Volume 4 - Samson, Messiah & Arias from Rinaldo, Serse etc, Giuliani: Guitar Concertos No. 1&3, Rodrigo: Concierto de Aranjuez, Mozart: Clarinet Concerto; Concerto for Flute and Harp, César Franck, Symphony In D Minor
Movies The Hotel New Hampshire, Alfred the Great, Laughter in the Dark, Lord of the Flies


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#Fact
1 Musical Director from the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra, 1987-2001.


Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
L'incoronazione di Poppea 1984 TV Movie conductor
The Hotel New Hampshire 1984 arranger / conductor
Great Performances 1984 TV Series conductor - 1 episode
Orfeo ed Euridice 1982 TV Movie conductor
Dardanus 1981 TV Movie conductor
Le couronnement de Poppée 1978 TV Movie orchestrator
The Lively Arts 1977 TV Series documentary conductor - 1 episode
The Return of Ulysses to His Homeland 1973 TV Movie conductor
Laughter in the Dark 1969 conductor / music adaptor
A Man Like Orpheus 1965 TV Movie conductor
Lord of the Flies 1963 conductor - uncredited

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Morgan 2016 performer: "FRONDI TENERE E BELLE...OMBRA MAI FÙ" [SERSE, HWV 40 / ACT 1]
While We're Young 2014 performer: "SONATA IN D FOR TRUMPET, STIRNGS AND CONTINUO INSTRUMENTAL"
Swimmer 2012 Short writer: "Theme from Lord Of The Flies"
The Greatest Movie Ever Sold 2011 Documentary performer: "Grieg: 4. In the Hall of the Mountain King [Peer Gynt Suite No.1, Op.46]"
The City of Your Final Destination 2009 performer: "Bastien and Bastienne"
Coda in G Minor 2008 Short performer: "Adagio in G Minor for Strings & Organ"
Mona Lisa Smile 2003 performer: "Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring"
La Femme Nikita 1990 performer: "LA PETITE MUSIQUE DE NUIT"

Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Jackanory 1969 TV Series Storyteller

Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Alfred the Great 1969/I
A Man Like Orpheus 1965 TV Movie
Lord of the Flies 1963
A Midsummer Night's Dream 1959 TV Movie

Writer

Writer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Lively Arts 1977 TV Series documentary writer - 1 episode
The Return of Ulysses to His Homeland 1973 TV Movie adaptation

Director

Director

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Portrait of England: Treasure Houses and Gardens 1989 Video documentary

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Lively Arts 1977 TV Series documentary Himself - Presenter

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