Among the oldest “old-time” performers on record is Polk Miller, who all fought seeing that an artilleryman in the American Civil Battle in the Confederate aspect and, according to his kid, is thought to have got furled the confederate flag in Appomattox. Settling in Richmond, Virginia in 1868, Miller opened up a drugstore and specific in family pet remedies. He advertised them beneath the name of his very own prized pet pet dog, Sergeant, so that as Sergeant’s Family pet Care Products the business Polk Miller founded proceeds to sell several same remedies today. Miller’s professional participation in music started late in lifestyle; although he discovered the banjo prior to the Civil Battle, he laid it apart through the postwar years, citing that his selection of device “was under the notice from the cultivated.” Nevertheless, in 1892, he previously a big change of center and begun to tour along with his banjo, performing outdated Southern and African-American music. Miller was an instantaneous strike, and garnered endorsements from superstars such as Tag Twain and Joel Chandler Harris. Around 1900, Polk Miller added four dark male performers to his display, whom he known as the Aged South Quartette. The lineup of the group was continuously changing and, relating to Miller, recruited from Richmond’s road corners and pubs. One member who demonstrated more enduring than others was the bass tone of voice, Wayne L. Stamper. Stamper helped Miller arrange a number of the Aged South Quartette’s materials, and eventually became referred to as a favorite songwriter in his personal right. As the group was an enormous success in North towns, the group’s looks in the South had been much less common and occasionally held in dark churches, appropriate because they had been intensely reliant on gospel materials. Although the Aged South Quartette performed music and skits which were drawn in the minstrel custom, Miller didn’t wear blackface as well as the quartette dressed up in normal work clothing. In November 1909, Polk Miller as well as the Aged South Quartette produced seven cylinders for Edison, including variations of “The Bonnie Blue Flag,” “The Aged Time Religious beliefs,” and “Jerusalem Mournin’.” We were holding well received in rural marketplaces, where cylinders had been still ruler in 1910, but do specifically well in the Western world — a Kansas Town phonograph dealer recommended to Edison a thousand such information should be produced! However the seven game titles would stay the just recordings created by Polk Miller. In 1912, Miller parted firm with the Aged South Quartette, and Miller himself passed away shortly after, in Oct 1913. Within a paper interview made quickly before his loss of life, he announced that he was compelled to take keep of the group as racial behaviour toward them acquired made touring difficult, saying, “Occasionally I put to contact upon the authorities to protect my males.” non-etheless, the cylinder recordings created by Polk Miller & His Aged South Quartette are of important historic importance, documenting the distributed musical history between white and dark Southern songsters in a method that jumps correct from the 19th century.