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Nara Leão

Nara Leão, the Musa da Bossa Nova (Bossa Nova’s Muse, as she actually is affectionately known), was a prominent number in bossa nova. She didn’t restrict herself like a bossa nova vocalist, though, and was among the 1st artists to activate within the motion later referred to as “canção de protesto” (protest music), an creative motion which denounced armed forces dictatorship in Brazil. She released the professions of such composers/interpreters simply because Chico Buarque, Zé Keti, Martinho da Vila, Edu Lobo, Paulinho da Viola, and Fagner. A global performer regardless of her brief, uneducated tone of voice, she still left an expressive discography despite the fact that death captured her by shock at this kind of precocious age group. When she was a calendar year previous, she and her family members still left Vitória for Rio. In 1954, she had taken her initial violão classes with Solon Ayala and Patrício Teixeira, and with Roberto Menescal and Carlos Lyra. As an beginner, she participated within the first school presentations where bossa nova was arriving jointly as an arranged motion. She performed with brands such as for example João Gilberto, Luiz Eça, Ronaldo Bôscoli (with whom she’d have a romance and later on become his fiancée), Carlos Lyra, among others. In those days, she was a reporter for Rio’s newspapers Última Hora. The enough house of her complacent parents in Rio’s south part (zona sul), Copacabana, Posto 4, became a gathering point for music artists, which led many to erroneously set up it like a bossa nova cradle (in fact, the cradle was, somewhat, the Cantina perform César, but a lot more properly, the Plaza nightclub around 1952). In 1963, she debuted as a specialist, employed in the musical humor Pobre Menina Rica, by Vinícius de Moraes and Carlos Lyra. While focusing on the play, in addition they acted in the Carioca nightclub Au bon Premium. She also debuted for the reason that yr in documenting studios, performing “Naná” (Moacir Santos), that was contained in the film soundtrack to Ganga Zumba, Rei dos Palmares (Cacá Diegues). She also documented two paths on Carlos Lyra’s LP Depois perform Carnaval (Philips): the marcha-rancho “Marcha da Quarta-Feira de Cinzas” (Carlos Lyra/Vinícius de Moraes) as well as the samba-jazz “Promessas de Você” (Carlos Lyra/Nelson Lins e Barros). Also in 1963, she toured Brazil, Japan, and France with Sérgio Mendes. If they toured the Northeast, Leão was released by Roberto Santana towards the so-called Vila Velha Gang, the baianos Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Gal Costa, and Maria Bethânia. Her 1st LP (Nara), documented by Elenco, released the sambista perform morro (sambista from the hill) Zé Keti in to the middle-class group with great achievement with his music “Diz que Fui por Aí” (with H. Rocha). She also reintroduced towards the same group the old sambista perform morro Cartola (“O Sol Nascerá,” as well as Elton Medeiros). Alongside these two tracks, which became all-time strikes, another two tracks documented on that recording got the same achievement: “Consolação” (Baden Powell/Vinícius de Moraes) and “O Morro” (Carlos Lyra/Gianfrancesco Guarnieri). On that record, she evidenced her public problems (still a little naïve), selecting a non-bossa repertoire. These problems were a lot more noticeable in the next stage of her profession whenever a coup had taken power over Brazil and set up the armed forces dictatorship; this event provoked her to positively denounce it. Her second record, Opinião de Nara (Leão’s opinion, Philips, 1964), brought “Opinião” (Zé Keti). In Dec 1964, she produced a great achievement with the present Opinião (Gianfrancesco Guarnieri/Augusto Boal) on the Teatro Opinião (Rio). The display brought jointly Leão, a middle-class youthful gal, Zé Keti, representing the morro people, and João perform Vale, from the indegent area of Northeast. The display was this kind of longtime achievement it robbed the middle-class viewers making the key samba redoubt Zicartola rewarding, which was possessed by Cartola himself; it shut its doors shortly afterwards. In addition, it wiped out bossa nova in Brazil. Leão shipped passionate speeches against bossa nova for the reason that period, phoning it an “alienating” motion. At exactly the same time, the instrumental support of the display Opinião was genuine bossa, as could be heard on the Compact disc reissued in 1994, informing how the rupture, in those days, was even more ideological than musical. In 1965, she shown Chico Buarque along with his tracks “Pedro Pedreiro” (solid sociable thematic) and “Olê, Olá.” Also for the reason that yr, she participated within the Teatro Opinião display Liberdade, Liberdade (independence, independence), by Flávio Rangel/Millôr Fernandes. She also made an appearance on Elis Regina/Jair Rodrigues’ regular Television show O Fino da Bossa, which ultimately also got Chico Buarque, Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso, Edu Lobo, Tom Jobim, Vinícius de Moraes, and Ivan Lins. In 1966, she documented her recording Manhã de Liberdade (Philips). Defending Chico Buarque’s “A Banda,” as well as him at Television Record’s II FMPB (1966, São Paulo), she gained initial place (as well as “Disparada,” by Geraldo Vandré and Théo de Barros). Leão documented “A Banda,” alongside the initial melody composed with the duo Gilberto Gil/Capinam, “Ladainha.” Another calendar year, she sang, as well as its writer, “A Estrada e o Violeiro” (Sidney Miller), on the III FMPB. The melody was awarded for Greatest Lyrics. Between 1966 and 1967, she and Chico Buarque acquired a regular every week Television show (Pra Ver a Banda Passar, Television Record). In 1966, she was nearly framed within the Country wide Security Law with the Battle department because of a primary critique contrary to the military within an interview using the Carioca paper Diário de Not reallyícias (“our armed service makes are of no get”). In 1967, she documented the LP Canto Livre de Nara. In 1968, she became a member of the Tropicalista motion, becoming a member of Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Rogério Duprat, Tom Zé, Capinam, Operating-system Mutantes, Torquato Neto, and Gal Costa for the LP Tropicália ou Panis et Cirsensis. Exactly the same yr, she documented her LP Nara Leão, which she sang Ernesto Nazareth’s “Odeon” that acquired Vinícius de Moraes’ lyrics created specifically for her. The LP, released on the Carioca nightclub Le Bilboquet, brought two of Veloso’s compositions, (“Mamãe Coragem” and “Deus vos Salve Esta Casa Santa,” both with Torquato Neto) as well as the agreements of Rogério Duprat, which helped set up a reference to Tropicalia. She acquired made a decision to stay out of tv for a complete calendar year, for not really agreeing using the brief vision of artwork of the companies. Within the next calendar year, she transferred to France and documented another LP. In 1971, she documented Dez Anos Depois (Polydor) in Paris and returned to Brazil. Within the next calendar year, she appeared within the film Quando o Carnaval Chegar (by Cacá Diegues, her hubby), as well as Chico Buarque and Maria Bethânia. In the next years, she started her psychology university studies, departing music aside. For the reason that period, she produced only sporadic performances on displays and albums from various other artists, such as for example Fagner. In the past due ’70s, she released her LP Meus Amigos são um Barato (Philips, 1977), with performances by Tom Jobim, Carlos Lyra, Edu Lobo, Chico Buarque, Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Roberto Menescal, among others. As she discovered she got cancer, she came back with complete impetus to her profession, documenting another 11 LPs until 1988. In 1997, she was the theme of the very first play by renowned moviemaker Júlio Brassane, Vida-Névoa-Nada.

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