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Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov

A Russian author of orchestral works and operas influenced by Caucasian and Georgian folk music, Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov was created with the easy Ivanov as his last name. He afterwards added his mother’s maiden name to tell apart himself from a music critic with an identical surname. He produced his visual in the 1880s consuming Rimsky-Korsakov, Balakirev, and Russian folk music, and his design never changed very much despite the fact that he resided and worked in to the 1930s. He was an able yet rarely specific composer, sort of Glazunov with a far more highly developed curiosity about cultural music (component of which most likely came under condition “encouragement” following the Trend). Ippolitov-Ivanov inserted the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1875, learning under Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, and graduated in 1882. That season he became conductor from the symphony orchestra and movie director from the music college in Tiflis (afterwards Tbilisi), Georgia, around the Caucasus mountains. During his 11 years there he became enamored from the area’s folk music, which shaded his own works together with quasi-Oriental melodies and rhythms. A suggestion from Tchaikovsky attained Ippolitov-Ivanov a post as structure professor on the Moscow Conservatory from 1893 to 1906; in the last mentioned year he started providing as the institution’s movie director. His celebrity pupil in the conservatory was Reinhold Glière. Ippolitov-Ivanov also offered as conductor from the Russian Choral Culture from 1895 to 1901 (but the majority of his main choral functions postdate that tenure), and of the Mamontova Opera in Moscow from 1899 to 1906. After his 1922 pension from your Moscow Conservatory, Ippolitov-Ivanov spent 1924-1925 reorganizing the Georgian Condition Conservatory, previously the Tbilisi College. In 1925 he came back to Moscow to be the main conductor in the Bolshoi Theatre. He oversaw the premieres of several Rimsky-Korsakov’s operas, like the Tsar’s Bride-to-be, and he supervised a significant revival of Mussorgsky’s Boris Godunov. In 1931 he also finished Mussorgsky’s unfinished opera Relationship. Ippolitov-Ivanov’s 11 years in the Caucasus resulted in the lifelong desire for Georgian folk music that influenced many of his orchestral compositions, including two suites of Caucasian Sketches (the 1st becoming the composer’s just lasting hang on the concert hall, because of its “Procession from the Sardar”), an Armenian Rhapsody (1909), as well as the symphonic poem after a verse by Mikhail Lermontov, Mtsyri (“The Beginner,” 1922). His folk music passions extended well towards the west, aswell; he published orchestral suites on Catalan and Finnish styles. He also made up string quartets, a violin sonata, and a symphony, but the majority of his orchestral functions were extremely programmatic, the topics careening from Within the Volga (1910) to Shows in the life span of Schubert (1929) and Yr 1917. These items were rarely performed following the mid-twentieth hundred years, actually in the Soviet Union; similarly, his seven operas didn’t remain popular. Up to now, Ippolitov-Ivanov appears doomed to be always a one-hit composer.

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