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Mary Martin

Biography

Singer/celebrity Mary Martin was, alongside Ethel Merman, among the two leading performers in stage musicals through the middle third from the 20th hundred years. In the 1930s towards the 1960s, Martin made an appearance on Broadway, in the Western world End, and on tour a large number of situations in such massively effective displays as South Pacific as well as the Audio of Music. She also documented ensemble albums for these implies that bought from the a huge number. Unlike Merman, who was simply known on her behalf brassy, extroverted design, Martin was a warm, ingratiating performer. She was a lot more simple than her friend and key rival, and she was a lot more flexible. When Martin overran the starring function of Annie Oakley from Merman for the U.S. tour of Annie MAKE YOUR Gun, she got a distinctly different strategy and enjoyed viewers approval. It really is hard to assume Merman doing exactly the same with such Martin tasks as Peter Skillet or the goddess Venus in a single Contact of Venus. But, Merman never demonstrated much fascination with stepping right into a component previously developed by another celebrity, while Martin under no circumstances hesitated to take action. (A rare exclusion came late within the professions of both stars, if they each made an appearance in Hello, Dolly!) Nor do Merman treatment to leave NY, generally, while Martin worked well thoroughly in London and on the highway. And Martin’s higher flexibility was demonstrated in her excitement when planning on taking on directly plays where she was asked to sing small or never. Even though stage was her house, Martin also worked well within the additional media open to her. She got a relatively short film profession that still added as much as greater than a dozen features; she was a normal on radio and tv series; she made an appearance in nightclubs and concert halls; and she documented extensively, not only on ensemble albums, but additionally as a single artist, and also scored several graph hits. Even so, her chief profession success was her extended succession of award-winning starring jobs in Broadway musicals. Mary Virginia Martin was created on Dec 1, 1913, in Weatherford, TX, the next little girl of Preston Martin, an attorney, and Juanita (Presley) Martin, a previous violin instructor; her old sister Geraldine was 11 years her senior. Her mom encouraged her desire for performing and started teaching her the violin at a age group. Those lessons didn’t consider, but she demonstrated more excitement for performing and dance. At age 12, she started taking tone of voice lessons from Helen Fouts Cahoon, mind of the tone of voice department at Tx Christian University or college. (Amazingly, when she afterwards moved to NY as a grown-up, she happened to go into a flat building where Cahoon was living and resumed her lessons.) In 1930, when Martin was 16, her parents sent her towards the esteemed Ward Belmont finishing college in Nashville, TN. She finished up staying at the institution only two . 5 a few months before marrying her sweetheart, 21-year-old Benjamin Jackson Hagman, an accountant, and time for Weatherford where they resided with her parents. (Hagman after that studied to become lawyer and afterwards proved helpful in his father-in-law’s workplace.) On Sept 21, 1931, the 17-year-old Martin gave delivery to Lawrence Martin Hagman, who, beneath the name Larry Hagman, would turn into a well-known tv acting professional, starring as astronaut Tony Nelson in the problem comedy I Imagine Jeannie (1965-1970) so when the ruthless J.R. Ewing within the primetime cleaning soap opera Dallas (1978-1991). Martin mainly left the increasing of her child to her mom. At age 18, she opened up a dancing college in Weatherford. It became such successful that, following a period, she visited Hollywood, CA, to sign up on the Fanchon and Marco College of Theatre in order to discover more herself. On the following couple of years, she alternated periods of teaching in Tx and learning in Hollywood, on the other hand starting branches of her college in Nutrient Wells and Cisco. In Nutrient Wells, she create the institution at the neighborhood resort and payed for the area by singing using the resort orchestra once weekly, a functionality also broadcast on the air. During her second stint at Fanchon and Marco, she wandered into an audition and finished up obtaining offstage performing engagements at vaudeville theaters in SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA and LA. By 1936, she acquired made a decision to settle in Hollywood and make an effort to earn a living like a performer; she and her spouse formally separated, plus they divorced in 1937. (Although she was presented with guardianship of her boy, she positioned him in some private universities and armed service academies.) From 1936 to 1938, Martin battled to achieve reputation as an entertainer in LA. As soon as July 19, 1936, the LA Times transported a see about her performing on the air, although this is a “sustaining” (i.e., unsponsored) display that she had not been paid. She steadily found nightclub function, first on the Cinegrille from the Hollywood Roosevelt Resort, then on the Casanova membership, with Gordon’s bar, ultimately earning just as much as $400 weekly. She taught dance. She auditioned unsuccessfully in the film studios, but she ultimately began to obtain function in little bit parts and dubbing the performing voices of others. For instance, she sang “The Child of Mademoiselle” for Louise Havoc (aka Gypsy Rose Lee) in Fight of Broadway, which opened up in Apr 1938, and she was the performing tone of voice of Margaret Sullavan within the Shopworn Angel in July. Exactly the same month, she produced her onscreen debut within the unbilled little bit section of a dance instructor in The Trend of Paris. In the meantime, she spent June 1938 as a normal in the network radio series VERY GOOD NEWS. But it had not been until the past due summertime of 1938 that she got a significant break, when she made an appearance in a skill display on the Trocadero nightclub and brought down the home singing a golf swing agreement of Italian composer Luigi Arditi’s waltz “Il Bacio” (“The Kiss”). Within the market was Broadway manufacturer Laurence Schwab, who was simply casting the next musical, Band Out the news headlines. Schwab agreed upon Martin to some agreement and brought her to NY. By enough time she got there, the present acquired dropped through, but another musical going to go into creation experienced just experienced a defection whenever a supplementary celebrity fallen out to obtain wedded, and Martin effectively auditioned for what became Keep It if you ask me!, with tunes by Cole Porter. In Keep It if you ask me!, Martin sang a typically risqué Porter quantity, “My Center Belongs to Daddy,” and do a incomplete striptease on top of that. When the present opened up on November 9, 1938, for the to begin 307 Broadway shows, that amount was a feeling, and it produced Martin a superstar. On November 30, supported by Eddy Duchin & His Orchestra, she documented the melody for Brunswick Information, and even though record graphs did not can be found at that time, graph researcher Joel Whitburn (in the reserve Pop Thoughts, 1986) estimates it had been a high Ten strike. On Dec 19, Martin made an appearance within the cover of Existence magazine. On Dec 22, she was back the documenting studio, this time around for Decca Information, with which she’d remain connected for another 10 years, cutting tracks for some single releases, supported by Woody Herman & His Orchestra. On January 11, 1939, she opened up an eight-week nightclub engagement in the Rainbow Space near the top of Rockefeller Middle, appearing every night after completing her function in Keep It if you ask me! All this publicity been successful where Martin’s 2 yrs of knocking on film studio doors acquired failed; she was agreed upon to a agreement by Paramount Images and came back to Hollywood to create her first highlighted appearance within the film THE FANTASTIC Victor Herbert, which opened up in Dec 1939. But she didn’t close various other doors. In Sept 1939, she became a member of the solid of the air series The Wednesday Night time Party, and she came back towards the East Coastline to celebrity in a fresh musical, Great Goin’, made by Laurence Schwab, who also had written the libretto. It opened up out-of-town tryouts in New Haven, CT, on Oct 21, 1939, but shut in Boston on November 4, under no circumstances achieving Broadway. Still, Martin continued to be in NY for the wintertime. On January 25 and Feb 5, 1940, she documented the eight songs on her behalf first Decca recording, Mary Martin within an Recording of Cole Porter Tunes, including another rendition of “My Center Belongs to Daddy.” In March, she came back to VERY GOOD NEWS, showing up on the present regularly through the finish of the entire year. But she was back LA by Apr 16, when she documented “You’re Unhappy and I’m Lonesome” for Decca supported by an orchestra carried out by Ray Sinatra. ON, MAY 5, 1940, Martin wedded Richard Halliday, a tale editor at Paramount. Exactly the same month, she started filming her second Paramount feature, co-starring using the studio’s biggest celebrity, Bing Crosby, in Tempo in the River. The picture was completed by July and in discharge by the finish of August. Martin instantly went into Like Thy Neighbor, which place her between radio superstars Jack port Benny and Fred Allen; it opened up in Dec. Her film profession picking up vapor, she quickly continued to Kiss the Males Goodbye with Don Ameche and Oscar Levant, which made an appearance in August 1941, and NY City with Fred MacMurray and Robert Preston, which opened up in November. Between Apr and June, she done another Crosby automobile, Delivery of the Blues, a Dec release. The fast completion of the series of tasks was necessitated by her sensitive condition; on November 4, 1941, she offered delivery to her second kid, Mary Heller Halliday. Joel Whitburn authorized lots 23 displaying that same week for the Decca documenting of Johnny Mercer’s “The Waiter as well as the Porter as well as the Upstairs Maid,” sung by Crosby, Martin, and Jack port Teagarden, and highlighted in Delivery of the Blues. In January 1942, Martin had taken over because the regular feminine vocalist on Crosby’s radio series, the Kraft Music Hall, carrying on over summer and winter. She also documented once again with Crosby, and on Apr 8 served because the presented vocalist on Horace Heidt & His Musical Knights’ documenting of “Pound Your Desk Polka” on Columbia Information, a disk that strike number 22. In the mean time, however, her film profession languished. Her just display screen appearance in 1942 emerged by the end of the entire year, when she was among the many performers producing small looks in Celebrity Spangled Rhythm. At exactly the same time, the documenting ban that started August 1, 1942, and went into the following yr briefly derailed her documenting career. She do make yet another film, Happy Move Lucky, with Dick Powell, but by enough time it made an appearance in March 1943, she acquired made a decision to try her very own luck once more on-stage. Two different displays were in planning in the wintertime of 1943, and she got her pick of these. One was the task of the recently formed group of veteran composer Richard Rodgers and lyricist/librettist Oscar Hammerstein II, an version from the play Green Grow the Lilacs. Another was Dancing within the Roads, with tracks by Vernon Duke and Howard Dietz. Struggling to select from them, Martin flipped a gold coin and proceeded to go into Dancing within the Roads, which opened up in Boston on March 19, 1943, and shut there permanently on Apr 10. The Rodgers and Hammerstein display continuing to gestate before rising on March 31, 1943, as Oklahoma!, a landmark strike. Martin came back to Hollywood and shot her ninth film, Accurate, with Franchot Shade and Dick Powell, which opened up in Oct. But she experienced actually made a decision to give up a film profession after four many years of attempting to accomplish stardom. She wanted a keep of lack from Paramount and returned east to consider another musical. She discovered it in a single Contact of Venus, the storyplot of the Greek statue that involves lifestyle in current-day Manhattan, which got a publication by S.J. Perelman and Ogden Nash, lyrics by Nash, and music by Kurt Weill. It opened up in the 46th Road Theatre on Oct 7, 1943, for any operate of 567 shows, through Feb 10, 1945. On her behalf overall performance, Martin won a Donaldson Prize, the precursor towards the Tony Prize. Among the enhancements of Oklahoma! have been Decca’s decision to record a solid recording, as well as the label adopted through to November 7, 1943, by placing celebrities Martin and John Boles inside a saving studio room for an “initial Broadway solid” saving of the tunes from One Contact of Venus, released Feb 10, 1944. Martin do additional documenting periods for Decca during this time period, producing a TOP rendition from the wartime regular “I’ll Walk By itself.” Toward the finish of the brand new York operate of 1 Touch of Venus, she also became a member of members of the initial ensemble of Out for any belated documenting of this show’s score, despite the fact that she hadn’t made an appearance inside it on-stage. Your day following the Broadway shutting of 1 Touch of Venus, Martin and her hubby embarked on a nationwide tour from the musical. While on the highway, they chose that Halliday would quit his are a tale editor to spend himself to becoming her supervisor. He satisfied this function for the others of his existence. After completing the tour, Martin instantly turned to a fresh musical, Lute Music, a love tale predicated on a 14th hundred years Chinese language play, with music by Raymond Scott and Bernard Hanighen including “Hill High, Valley Low.” Critically acclaimed, but just a modest economic success, Lute Melody ran 142 shows, until June 8, 1946. Just Martin made an appearance for the solid recording documented March 4, 1946, and released Might 6 by Decca. In July, Martin produced a uncommon film appearance, reprising her efficiency of “My Center Belongs to Daddy” in All the time, a film biography of Cole Porter. Through the summer months, she sailed to Britain, where Noël Coward acquired asked her to superstar in his following musical in London. The display, Pacific 1860, didn’t open up until Dec 19, 1946, as the theater where it had been housed, the Theater Royal, Drury Street, needed to be fixed after having been bombed in Globe War II. It had been not really well received and went only 129 shows, shutting on Apr 12, 1947, but a ensemble record was recorded with the U.K. branch of Decca. Martin came back towards the U.S., where Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, performing as producers from the strike Irving Berlin musical Annie GET THE Gun, were planning for a nationwide tour from the display. Its celebrity, Ethel Merman, had not been interested in heading on the highway, and Martin, who, being a Tx native, sensed an affinity using its American sharpshooting heroine, was pleased to part of. She opened up the tour of Annie GET THE Weapon in Dallas, TX, on Oct 3, 1947, and journeyed across the U.S. with it for another 11 weeks. This gained her a particular Tony Award, her 1st, in the next calendar year that the honours were given away, 1948. Martin’s 1947 documenting of “Nearly Like Getting in Like” in the musical Brigadoon, associated with Man Lombardo & His Royal Canadians, brought her another singles graph admittance on Decca. But by the beginning of 1949, she got switched allegiance following a 10 years, putting your signature on to Columbia Information. In early Feb, she recorded an array of present tunes on her behalf debut Columbia record, Mary Martin Sings for you personally. Columbia also contracted on her behalf following ensemble record, for the musical South Pacific. This version of World Battle II tales by Wayne Michener with tracks by Rodgers and Hammerstein opened up on Broadway on Apr 7, 1949, and became Martin’s biggest profession triumph. She starred inside it for a lot more than 2 yrs in NY, getting her second Tony Honor and performing such tunes as “I’m Gonna Clean That Man Best Outa My Locks” and “(I’m deeply in love with) AN EXCELLENT Guy,” as well as the Columbia record, the very first ensemble documenting issued in the brand new LP format, topped the graphs for an archive 69 weeks, ultimately selling many million copies. In this lengthy stay static in NY, Martin found the required time to make various other recordings for Columbia. Her duet with Arthur Godfrey for the novelty tune “Fall asleep, Fall asleep, Fall asleep” peaked in the very best Ten in Apr 1950, and she documented a duet solitary with her child Larry Hagman of “You’re Simply in Like” from Ethel Merman’s current present, Contact Me Madam. Many ambitious, she was involved by Columbia leader Goddard Lieberson to record some studio-cast variations of music from musicals that experienced run before the period of the initial Broadway solid record. These included Cole Porter’s Anything Runs, Howard Dietz and Arthur Schwartz’s The Band Wagon, Rodgers and Hart’s Babes in Hands, and George and Ira Gershwin’s Female Crazy, all documented in 1950 and 1951. Also, she produced her debut tv appearance like a guest within the NBC unique Richard Rodgers’ Jubilee Display on March 4, 1951. Martin remaining South Pacific on Broadway in June 1951, and then travel back again to London and open up the Western End creation on November 1, 1951, and devote another calendar year to the present. (She also produced a second ensemble saving from it for the British Columbia label.) After time for the U.S., she didn’t immediately get into a new display. On June 15, 1953, she made an appearance on a tv unique marking the 50th wedding anniversary from the founding from the Ford Engine Company, singing a protracted duet with Ethel Merman. Decca Information pressed up a 10″ disk from the duet for industrial release. Martin produced her last appearance in an attribute film by arriving as herself in Primary Road to Broadway, a film produced primarily to market Broadway. Rather than going into a fresh musical, she following toured the united states within a direct play, co-starring with Charles Boyer in Kind Sir, which finally reached Broadway on November 4, 1953, where it performed 166 shows before shutting on March 27, 1954. The house later on enjoyed greater achievement because the 1958 film Indiscreet, starring Cary Give and Ingrid Bergman. Right now, Martin and her hubby were thinking about assembling their very own tasks. With Halliday offering as manufacturer, the couple considered a fresh musical version of J.M. Barrie’s children’s play Peter Skillet, employing the songwriting group of Tag (Moose) Charlap and Carolyn Leigh for the creation that started using the LA and SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA Light Opera Association. Tunes by composer Jule Styne and lyricists Betty Comden and Adolph Green had been added prior to the display opened up on Broadway on Oct 20, 1954. RCA Victor documented a ensemble record, including such music as “I’ve Surely got to Crow,” “I WILL NOT Grow Up,” and “Neverland,” and it became a high Five strike within the Billboard graph, while hitting number 1 in Cash Package. The display, which discovered Martin, in her early forties, traveling throughout the stage suspended by piano cable, ran 152 shows in NY and could have gone a lot longer if it was not so literally taxing for the celebrity and when the creation was not contracted to close in order not to contend with a live tv broadcast. She gained her third Tony Prize for it. Following a last stage functionality on Feb 26, 1955, she flew before a reported tv viewers of 65 million within the night of March 7, earning an Emmy Honor along the way. Martin and Halliday vacationed in SOUTH USA after Peter Skillet, and they made a decision to purchase a plantation in Anápolis, Brazil, where they resided over the following 2 decades when Martin had not been working. She following came back to nonmusical stage function, opening inside a revival of Thornton Wilder’s YOUR SKIN of Our Tooth in Paris in June 1955. The display then relocated to Washington, D.C., and Chicago just before a fresh York work of 22 shows that started on August 17 and was accompanied by a live tv broadcast on Sept 11. Just six weeks later on, on Oct 22, Martin was back again on network Television, appearing within the 90-minute unique As well as Music alongside Noël Coward. A documenting of the display was released privately at that time, and afterwards DRG Information released a industrial version. Martin, on the other hand, agreed upon a three-year agreement with NBC for $100,000 to surface in further Television specials, the to begin that was another live broadcast of Peter Skillet on January 9, 1956. On Oct 28, 1956, she is at a tv version from the play Given birth to Last night. Martin’s association with Peter Skillet produced her a stylish performer for the child-oriented Walt Disney Firm, which agreed upon her for some children’s recordings from 1956 with THE TINY Lame Lamb, implemented in 1958 with the albums Hello there Ho! Mary Martin Sings and Swings Walt Disney Favorites, Mary Martin Sings a Musical Like Story, as well as the Tale of Sleeping Beauty, and in 1959 by Snow Light. Martin also documented Adventures for Visitors for publication publisher Harcourt, released in 1958. In Apr 1957, she documented the LP Mary Martin Sings, Richard Rodgers Takes on for RCA Victor, carrying out Rodgers tunes to piano accompaniment from the composer and an orchestra; the recording premiered in 1958. She came back to the level in June 1957, spending the summertime executing South Pacific and Annie MAKE YOUR Weapon in repertory for the LA and SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA Light Opera Association, and on November 27, 1957, she and co-star John Raitt do Annie GET A Gun on tv, with an associated recording released by Capitol Information that reached quantity 12. Martin and Halliday got settled on the following Broadway task, a musical version of Maria von Trapp’s memoirs, The Trapp Family members Singers, eventually known as The Audio of Music, but while they attained rights and set up the creative group, Martin embarked on her behalf first nationwide concert tour in Sept 1958. Upon this ambitious trek through 87 metropolitan areas, long lasting into March 1959, she performed two displays at each end, a matinee, dubbed Magic with Mary Martin and designed for kids, offering the mini-musical Three to create Music and tracks from Rodgers and Hammerstein’s latest Television musical Cinderella, and an night display known as Music with Mary Martin for adults. She repeated both shows for tv on Easter Weekend, March 29, 1959, and released an recording, Three to create Music/Cinderella, on RCA Victor, that gained a Grammy Award nomination for Greatest Recording for Kids. The Audio of Music, with tracks by Rodgers and Hammerstein, finally opened up on Broadway on November 16, 1959, and was second and then South Pacific because the high stage of Martin’s profession. She earned her 4th Tony Prize, introducing such tracks as “THE BEST Issues,” “Do-Re-Mi,” as well as the name track, and she made an appearance within the display for two many years of its three-and-a-half-year operate. She also documented the solid recording, which topped the graphs and bought from the millions, earning a Grammy Honor. In the center of her operate within the present, she provided her third tv functionality in Peter Skillet on Dec 8, 1960, the first ever to become taped for potential looking at. In 1962, Martin produced an inspirational documenting, Guideposts for Living, with well-known minister Norman Vincent Peale while preparing her following musical, Jennie, in line with the lifestyle of celebrity Laurette Taylor. Featuring music by Howard Dietz and Arthur Schwartz, it opened up on Broadway on Oct 17, 1963, but lasted just 82 performances, shutting Dec 28. RCA Victor documented a solid recording that produced the very best 100. Although Martin experienced eschewed film function, she was regarded for the Disney feature Mary Poppins prior to the component visited Julie Andrews, who also continued to superstar within the film version from the Audio of Music. But Martin do record an recording from the music from Mary Poppins for Disney which was certified to Kapp Information, and when Tracks from Mary Poppins along with other Favorites, credited towards the Do-Re-Mi Children’s Chorus with Mary Martin made an appearance in 1964, an individual of “A Spoonful of Sugars” attracted from the LP gained Martin another Grammy Prize nomination for Greatest Recording for Kids. Within the run-up towards the creation of Jennie, Martin have been forced to carefully turn down another musical, Hello, Dolly!, which rather starred Carol Channing when it opened up on January 16, 1964. She was, nevertheless, in a position to accept the nationwide tour, which started in Apr 1965 in Minneapolis, MN, and crisscrossed the U.S. for another five a few months. That ended up being only the start. Within the fall, the creation transferred to the Pacific, playing in Hawaii, after that in Japan, before touring U.S. armed forces installations in Okinawa and Japan, and, starting on Oct 10, the battle area in South Vietnam for ten times. Martin after that flew to London and opened up the Western world End creation of the display on Dec 2. She also documented the initial London solid recording for RCA Victor. On Feb 7, 1966, her ventures had been recounted in it particular Mary Martin: Hello Dolly ‘Circular the World. 8 weeks afterwards, on Apr 3, she experienced another Television unique, Mary Martin at Eastertime, broadcast from Radio Town Music Hall in NEW YORK. Exactly the same month, Disneyland Information released the LP Mary Martin Tunes from Rodgers and Hammerstein’s the Sound of Music, a re-recording from the music which was even more well-known within the wake from the 1965 film. Martin produced her last appearance within a Broadway musical in I REALLY DO! I REALLY DO!, a present depicting 50 years in the life span of a wedded few. The two-person cast also presented Robert Preston, as well as the display, with tunes by Tom Jones and Harvey Schmidt, included in this the strike “My Glass Runneth Over,” opened up on Broadway on Dec 5, 1966, for the operate of 561 shows through June 15, 1968. (The RCA Victor ensemble record reached the very best 100 in Billboard and the very best 40 in Money Box.) After that it embarked on a 30-town street tour that ran into 1969, by the end which Martin came back to Brazil without immediate plans to execute again. She continued to be active, however, starting her personal shop in Anápolis and posting a publication, Mary Martin’s Needlepoint, later on in the entire year. But she didn’t go back to the stage until March 26, 1972, when she made an appearance at an advantage performance, A Special event of Richard Rodgers, in NY. Nearly a calendar year afterwards, on March 3, 1973, her spouse, Richard Halliday, passed away at age 67. Immediately after, she offered the plantation in Brazil and shifted back again to the U.S., living on Martha’s Vineyard and in Rancho Mirage, CA. In 1976, she released her autobiography, My Center Belongs. She returned to operate in August 1977, when she toured within a play, WOULD YOU Convert Somersaults?, with Anthony Quayle. It opened up on Broadway on January 9, 1978, but lasted just fourteen days. On Dec 7, 1979, she made an appearance inside a tv film, Valentine. In 1981, she started co-hosting a regular half-hour tv series for elderly people, Over Easy, on PBS. Her tenure on the present was interrupted in Sept 1982 when she was significantly injured in a vehicle accident while driving in a taxi cab, but she retrieved and continued to seem on this program into 1983. She also produced guest appearances in the network Television series Love Fishing boat and Hardcastle and McCormick. From January 1986 to January 1987, she and Carol Channing toured within the play Legends!, her last stage function. She continued to create occasional looks in the past due ’80s. In Dec 1989, she was the receiver of the Kennedy Middle Honors. At that time, she was experiencing cancers, and she passed away at age group 76 on November 3, 1990, in Rancho Mirage, CA. The entire year before her loss of life, Martin noticed her 1960 functionality in Peter Skillet sell four million videocassettes. This is, however, a uncommon instance when a performer whose main moderate was the stage experienced among her most remarkable portrayals captured in long term type for the understanding of afterwards generations. Furthermore to people 1940s films, you can find grainy kinescopes of a few of Martin’s Television appearances, in the Ed Sullivan Present re-creating moments from her displays, for example, as well as the Ford 50th Wedding anniversary Display duet with Ethel Merman. Those that did not discover Martin on-stage, nevertheless, may best enjoy her comfort and vivacity over the ensemble recordings of her displays and compilations of her single recordings such as for example 16 Many Requested Tracks (Columbia/Legacy, 1993) as well as the Decca Years: 1938-1946 (Koch/MCA, 1995). Because the 50-yr copyright limit on recordings proceeds in European countries, unlicensed albums of Martin recordings show up, notably the Flapper and Living Period collections both known as My Center Belongs to Daddy (1999 and 2004, respectively), and Jasmine’s 2006 record Broadway to Hollywood — and Back again, which also includes soundtrack and aircheck recordings.

Quick Facts


Full Name Mary Martin
Died November 3, 1990, Rancho Mirage, California, United States
Height 1.63 m
Profession Actor, Singer
Education Royal College of Art
Nationality American
Spouse Richard Halliday, Benjamin Jack Hagman
Children Larry Hagman, Heller Halliday
Parents Preston Martin, Juanita Presley
Siblings Geraldine Martin
Awards Kennedy Center Honors, Tony Award for Best Lead Actress in a Musical, Special Tony Award, Grammy Hall of Fame, The Helen Hayes Tribute, sponsored by Jaylee Mead, Primetime Emmy Award for Best Actress in a Single Performance
Music Songs My Heart Belongs To Daddy, The Magic Song, I'm Flying, I've Gotta Crow, Do Re Mi, A Wonderful Guy, Ugg-A-Wugg, My Favorite Things, I Won't Grow Up, I Get a Kick Out of You, I'm Gonna Wash That Man Right Out of My Hair, The Sound of Music: The Sound of Music, Distant Melody, Oh My Mysterious Lady, One Touch of Venus: Speak Low, Where or When, I Got Rhythm, What Is This Thing Called Love?, A Cockeyed Optimist, Never, Never Land, Johnny One-Note, Mountain High, Valley Low, Honey Bun, Katie Went to Haiti, That's Him, Hook's Tango, I'm A Stranger Here Myself, Ford 50th Anniversary, Ain't It a Shame About Mame?, Captain Hook's Waltz, Walt Disney's Story Of Sleeping Beauty, Boy! What Love Has Done to Me!
Albums I Do! I Do! (Original Broadway Cast), Hi-Ho, Sings for You, Mary Martin Sings / Richard Rodgers Plays, South Pacific & Oklahoma (Original Broadway Casts), Noel Coward's Pacific 1860 Starring Mary Martin, Hello, Dolly! Broadway Deluxe Collector's Edition, Golden Hits, Mary Martin Sings Richard Rodgers, Lute Song, The Disney Album (Digitally Remastered), The Broadway Hits, Sleeping Beauty, Broadway - Girl Crazy, The Sound Of Music, Peter Pan The Musical, Mary Martin On Broadway, Babes In Arms, Bing Crosby Sings with Judy Garland, Mary Martin, Johnny Mercer, Ford 50th Anniversary Television Show, The Magic Masters, Famous Hits by Mary Martin, Colours of Music History (Remastered), A Summer Sky Shines, Golden Greats: 1938-1946, Who'll Buy My Violets, Listen to the Mocking Bird, Lily of Laguna, Broadway to Hollywood - And Back, Almost Like Being in Love, The Fabulous Jazz Collection, Essential Masters, Your Music Around Me, Together With Music, Honey Bun, Tonight in Time, Cinderella, Three to Make Music & Mary Martin Sings a Musical Love Story, That's What I Need (Remastered), Webster Hall, 1957, My Heart Belongs to Daddy, The Very Best Of, Star Of Broadway
Nominations Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Talk Show Host, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Informational Series, Primetime Emmy Award for Best Musical Contribution For Television
Movies Peter Pan, Night and Day, True to Life, Happy Go Lucky, My Favorite Blonde, Birth of the Blues, New York Town, Kiss the Boys Goodbye, Love Thy Neighbor, Rhythm on the River, The Great Victor Herbert, The Rage of Paris, Valentine, Mary Martin and Ethel Merman: The Ford 50th Anniversary Show, The Scarlet Letter, Action Stations
TV Shows Producers' Showcase, Over Easy


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#Fact
1 The 1956 West German film "The Trapp Family" - about the von Trapp family, and its 1958 sequel "Die Trapp-Familie in America" became the most successful films in West Germany during the post-war years. The two films popularity extended throughout Europe and South America. In 1956, Paramount Pictures purchased the United States film rights, intending to produce an English language version with Audrey Hepburn as Maria. The studio eventually dropped their option; but one of the Paramount film studio's directors involved in preliminary development of the film, Vincent J. Donehue, proposed the story as a stage musical for his friend Mary Martin. Broadway producers Leland Hayward and Richard Halliday (Mary Martin's husband) agreed and secured the rights. Originally envisioned as a non-musical play, they hired playwrights Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse, who had won the Pulitzer Prize for "State of the Union," with the play featuring songs from the repertoire of the Trapp Family Singers. Developing the property, Mary Martin agreed with the production team to ask Richard Rogers to add an original song or two by Rogers and Hammerstein. Soon, agreed with the composers Rogers and Hammerstein, the two styles of traditional Austrian folk songs and their two song compositions would not work together. Rogers and Hammerstein offered to write a complete new score for the entire production if the producers were willing to wait while they completed work on "Flower Drum Song." Rogers and Hammerstein based their fictionalized musical on the memoir of Maria Augusta von Trapp, "The Story of the Trapp Family Singers" - published in 1949 by J.B. Lippincott Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The original multiple Tony Award-winning Broadway musical by Richard Rogers, lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II and a book by Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse - "The Sound of Music" - starring Mary Martin (at age 46) and Theodore Bikel (at age 35), opened on Broadway at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre on November 16, 1959, moved to the Mark Hellinger Theatre on November 6, 1962 and closed on June 15, 1963 after 1,433 performances. The director was Vincent J. Donehue, and the choreographer was Joe Layton. The original cast included Mary Martin as Maria, Theodore Bikel as Captain Georg von Trapp, (Rodgers and Hammerstein wrote the song "Edelweiss" specifically for him to perform), Patricia Neway as Mother Abbess, Kurt Kaszner as Max Detweiler, Marion Marlowe as Elsa Schrader, Brian Davies as Rolf and Lauri Peters as Liesl. Sopranos Patricia Brooks and June Card were ensemble members in the original production. The show tied for the Tony Award for Best Musical with "Fiorello!." Other awards included Martin for Best Actress in a Musical, Neway for Best featured Actress, Best Scenic Design (Oliver Smith) and Best Musical Direction (Frederick Dvonch). Bikel and Kasznar were nominated for Tony acting awards, and Donehue was nominated for his direction. The entire children's cast was nominated for Best Featured Actress category as a Tony single nominee, even though two children were boys. Mary's understudy Renee Guerin performed the 'Maria' role with Theodore Bikel during the Broadway run when Mary vacationed from the show. Martha Wright replaced Martin in the role of Maria on Broadway in October 1961, followed by Karen Gantz in July 1962, Jeannie Carson in August 1962 and Nancy Dussault in September 1962. Jon Voight, who eventually married co-star Lauri Peters, was a replacement for Rolf. The national tour starred Florence Henderson as Maria and Beatrice Krebs as Mother Abbess. It opened at the Grand Riviera Theater, Detroit, on February 27, 1961 and closed November 23, 1963 at the O'Keefe Centre, Toronto. Henderson was succeeded by Barbara Meister in June 1962. Theodore Bikel was not satisfied playing the role of the Captain because of the role's limited singing; Bikel did not like to play the same role over and over again. In his autobiography, he writes: "I promised myself then that if I could afford it, I would never do a run as long as that again." The original Broadway cast album sold three million copies. The musical premiered in London's West End at the Palace Theatre on May 18, 1961, and ran for 2,385 performances. It was directed by Jerome Whyte and used the original New York choreography, supervised by Joe Layton, and the original sets designed by Oliver Smith. The cast included Jean Bayless as Maria, followed by Sonia Rees, Roger Dann as Captain von Trapp, Constance Shacklock as Mother Abbess, Eunice Gayson as Elsa Schrader, Harold Kasket as Max Detweiler, Barbara Brown as Liesl, Nicholas Bennett as Rolf and Olive Gilbert as Sister Margaretta. "The Sound of Music" was the final musical written by Rodgers and Hammerstein. Oscar Hammerstein II died of cancer nine months after the Broadway premiere (b: July 12, 1895-to-d: August 23, 1960, at age 65).
2 Mary Martin's friend Arthur Godfrey taught her to play "Maria's" songs in the musical "The Sound of Music" on a ukulele the summer before the show went into rehearsal. A ukulele is a small type of guitar of Portuguese origin popularized in Hawaii in the 1880s and strung typically with four strings; opposed to a guitar, a flat-bodied stringed instrument with a long fretted neck and usually six strings plucked with a pick or with fingers. On stage, the producers had one of those expensive beautiful guitars strung for a ukulele because that is how Mary had learned the material. The guitarist in the theatre orchestra pit nearly cried. Mary's understudy Renee Guerin, for several weeks, took lessons from the orchestra's guitarist in order to perform "Maria's musical material" on the guitar.
3 Between December 1954 through March 1955, CBS Television negotiated to inaugurate a new "spectacular color television special" program and series to counter NBC Color Television's "Producers' Showcase"; NBC had inaugurated 18 October 1954, a dramatic color broadcast production of "Tonight at 8:30" electronically transmitted from NBC Television's New York City studio. Both NBC and CBS networks scheduled these 90 minute color specials once a month. During this time period, not all of NBC's television product was broadcast in color, becoming a full color network in the late 1950s. CBS approached Noël Coward about starring in three of these CBS Spectacular Specials for $600,000.00, scheduled after his Las Vegas Desert Inn (3 June-4 July, 1955) cabaret concert appearance. Noël's first CBS commitment would coincide with the CBS inaugural new "Ford Star Jubilee" series. Noël Coward had also been approached by Chrysler and General Motors offering him more money to perform on television. Noël, hesitant, decided on the lesser fee since he was more comfortable with the CBS staff. CBS insisted that Noël's first special be based upon his London Café de Paris and Las Vegas Desert Inn Hotel and Casino concert act material. Noël agreed proposing his close friend Mary Martin would appear in the 90 minute musical special with him. Mary was delighted with the proposition, agreeing to share the stage. After Las Vegas, Noël returned to Jamaica with Peter Matz arriving later, followed by Mary Martin and Richard Halliday, to develop, write, compose, arrange and orchestrate the concert act's material. The first "Ford Star Jubilee" special featured (#1.#1) "The Judy Garland Show" broadcast 24 September 1955 from CBS Television City, Studio 43, Hollywood, California. (#1.#2)"Together with Music" starring Noël Coward, Mary Martin and Peter Matz on the Steinway Concert Grand piano was broadcast the next month on 22 October 1955 from CBS New York City-Studio 72, Broadway and 81st Street. This color television program broadcast was the first color show transmitted for the CBS network. This telecast copied during the electronic transmission process in black and white kine-scope is the only example of Noël Coward and Mary Martin together performing his famous cabaret concert material on film.
4 Irving Berlin's Broadway musical "Annie Get Your Gun," produced by Richard Rogers and Oscar Hammerstein II, starring Ethel Merman opened 16 May 1946. Mary Martin, as Annie, starred in the U. S. National road show musical tour, which started from Dallas, Texas on 3 October 1947. The National Tour played Chicago, San Francisco, Los Angeles, with Mary Martin staying with the tour until mid-1948. The 1948 Tony Awards awarded Mary Martin a "Special Tony Award," cited for the National touring production of "Annie Get Your Gun" spreading theatre to the country while the original cast performed in New York City.
5 The initial success of Mary Martin's performance of the 1955 Broadway musical "Peter Pan," with Cyril Ritchard in his dual role as Mr. Darling and Captain James Hook, telecast on NBC's "Producer's Showcase," airing on 7 March 1955, repeated 9 January 1956 as a NBC "Producer's Showcase" Color broadcast special event, was the basis for NBC Events Division's production of the Irving Berlin musical "Annie Get Your Gun." The aim of the "Producers' Showcase" was to broadcast expensive color spectaculars to promote the new color television system developed by NBC's parent company RCA. "Peter Pan" was the first major telecast of a Broadway musical for any network broadcasting company. The NBC Network's "Producer's Showcase" Color special "Mary Martin starring in Irving Berlin's Broadway musical 'Annie Get Your Gun' " was telecast live to New York from the NBC Burbank television facility, from color studio #2 and adjacent studio #4, a live studio audience seated on both stages . The production was expanded to incorporate actual horses on stage, with the studio's central hall stage access corridor floors covered in a cushion of dirt, the hallway corridor dressed with trees, and shrubs, the walls hung with landscape and mountain scenic backings. The corridor ceilings were rigged with pipes enabling stage lighting rigged to focus on the live action of performers, on horseback, staged in the 100 foot long access stage hall corridor. The television studios #2 and #4 each had an audience, who could watch overhead monitors of the staging when performers were on either stage and in the studio corridor located at the back-end of the adjacent stages. The large elephant stage doors on both adjacent studio-stages were open for the corridor access. The 1957 NBC color telecast of the Broadway musical "Annie Get Your Gun" was the second Broadway stage musical production for an NBC Color Special event.
6 While working on their "Crazy Lady" project, Kenward Elmslie suggested Truman Capote's novella, not his play, "The Grass Harp" to composer Claibe Richardson as a possible musical. The team tackled some songs, playing them for Mr. Capote. Capote loved what they had come up with, counseled them to "make it your own," and gave them the go-ahead. Kermit Bloomgarten, a prestigious Broadway producer, optioned their musical for Broadway. Bloomgarten, to raise the huge sum of $250,000, needed a star. Claibe on piano, Kenward Elmslie sharing vocals, auditioned their musical "The Grass Harp" for Gwen Verdon, Julie Harris, and Shirley Booth, singly. Delectably responsive, each turned them down. Kenward and Claibe flew to Brazil, to nab a star, tracking down Mary Martin at her isolated frontier fin-ca. Showbiz shrewd, Mary Martin knew she needed to play both Dollyheart and Babylove to fulfill her fans' expectations. She demurred charmingly.
7 Mary Martin and Jean Arthur, close friends, discussed between them selves their individual interest in performing the role of Peter Pan in James M. Barrie's play "Peter Pan." Jean Arthur beat Mary Martin in performing the role. The Shubert Organization, Producers Peter Lawreunce and R. L. Stevens produced the James M. Barrie play revival with music and lyrics by Leonard Bernstein, at the Imperial Theatre (4/24/1950-9/30/1950), St. James Theatre (10/02/1950-1/27/1951) with total performances of 321. The music arranged by Trude Rittman; Music orchestrated by Hershy Kay. The production was staged by John Burrell; Associate Director by Wendy Toye; Scenic Design and lighting design by Ralph Alswang; Costume design by Motley. Flying supervisor Peter Foy. Hollywood's Universal Studios feature film horror picture movie star, also a stage actor, Boris Karloff starred as Mr. Darling and Captain James Hook. After the success of Jean Arthur's appearance in the play revival with music, Mary Martin asked close friend and impresario of the Los Angeles Civic Light Opera Association, Edwin Lester, to develop and produce a musical of the "Peter Pan" property. Edwin Lester assembled a creative team in 1953 to develop the musical for the Broadway stage with Mary Martin featured as Peter Pan.
8 Mary Martin, in the role of Peter Pan, received a Tony for Best Performance by a leading Actress in a Musical in the 1955 Tony Awards. Cyril Ritchard won a Tony for Best Performance by a leading Actor in a Musical for his dual role as Mr. Darling and Captain James Hook. Technical Director Richard Rodda received a 1955 Tony Award for Best Stage Technician. The Los Angeles and San Francisco Civic Light Opera founder and producer Edwin Lester acquired the American rights to adapt the J. M. Barrie's 1904 play "Peter Pan" and Barrie's own novelization of "Peter and Wendy" as a stage musical for Mary Martin. The music is by Mark Charlap, with additional music by Jule Styne, most of the lyrics written by Carolyn Leigh, with additional lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green. Incidental music by Elmer Bernstein and Trude Rittman. Musical orchestrated by Albert Sendrey. Directed and choreographed by Jerome Robbins. Scenic Design by Peter Larkin, Costume Design by Motley, Lighting Design by Peggy Clark. Flying Supervisor Peter Foy and Flying Effect by Joseph Kirby. Prior to opening in San Francisco's Geary Street theatre district's Curran Theatre, the production was rehearsed at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium. During the San Francisco performance schedule, additional musical material was ordered by Jerome Robbins and Edwin Lester, revisions continued when the expensive musical transferred to Los Angeles in August, 1954. The show opened in a busy Broadway season, competing with such notable shows as The Boy Friend, Fanny, Silk Stockings, and Damn Yankees. However, while still in Los Angeles, a deal was made for the musical to be broadcast on the NBC's Color Television network 90 minute anthology series "Producers' Showcase," that aired every fourth Monday, on March 7, 1955. "Peter Pan" opened on Broadway's Winter Garden Theatre on 20 October 1954, with a limited run of 152 performances, closing 26 February 1955, closed so that it could be broadcast on television, although box office continued to be strong throughout the Broadway run. The aim of the "Producers' Showcase" was to broadcast expensive color spectaculars to promote the new color television system developed by NBC's parent company RCA. On Marh 7, 1955, NBC presented "Peter Pan" live as part of "Producer's Showcase" as the first full-length Broadway production on color TV. The television show attracted a then-record viewing audience of 65 million viewers, the highest ever up to that time for a single television broadcast program. Marry Martin won an EMMY Award for the television production. So well received that the musical was re-staged live for television on 9 January 1956. Both of these broadcasts were produced live and in color, but only black-and-white kine-scope recordings survive.The telecast special followed with rebroadcasts in 1956, and in 1960 with the same stars, production costumes and scenery. The re-staged 1960 telecast had new children in the cast because the original kids had grown to old for their parts. The musical has enjoyed several revivals onstage in 1979, 1990, 1998. Following the successful 1955/56 "Peter Pan" telecast, the NBC Color network mounted a television production of Irving Berlin's Broadway stage musical "Annie Get Your Gun," directed by Vincent J. Donehue, starring Mary Martin as Annie Oakley and John Raitt as Frank Butler, William O'Neal as William Frederick 'Buffalo Bill' Cody. Telecast live as part of the "Producer's Showcase," in color from the NBC Burbank Studios #2 and #4, with an audience, on 27 November 1957.
9 Husband Richard Halliday acted as Mary Martin's agent. The original "One Touch of Venus" Broadway musical production premiered at the Imperial Theatre on 7 October 1943, closed on 10 February 1945 after 567 performances. "One Touch of Venus" with music by Kurt Weill, lyrics by Ogden Nash, directed by Ilia Kazan, featured choreography by Agnes de Mille, starring Mary Martin, Kenny Baker and Paula Laurence. The original featured cast role of Venus was to have starred Marlene Dietrich. Dietrich backed out of the title role during rehearsals, calling it "too sexy and profane," which gave Mary Martin the opportunity to justifiably establish herself as a Broadway star. The show satirizes contemporary American suburban values, artistic fads and romantic and sexual mores. Weill had been in America for eight years by the time he wrote this musical, and his music, though retaining his early haunting power, had evolved into a very different Broadway style. The book musical by S.J. Perelman and Ogden Nash was based on the novella "The Tinted Venus" by Thomas Amstey Guthrie, and very loosely spoofing the Pygmalion myth.
10 After the Broadway closing of the musical "One Touch of Venus", 10 February 1945, Richard Halliday and Mary Martin were in negotiations with Noël Coward for Mary to appear in "Pacific 1860" reopening of the Drury Lane theatre after the war. Noël Coward was author, composer, lyricist and director, the first post-war pleasant and old fashioned lavish musical produced by Noël Coward. The story is set in a fictional Pacific British Colony during the reign of Queen Victoria. The operetta involves a romantic and sentimental story about a visiting Prima Donna and her conflict between love and career. There is also the theme of snobbishness from the island's establishment. In New York, Noël's friend Jack Wilson had done everything to dissuade Mary and Dick Halliday from going to London. "Pacific 1860" was the first show to play at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane after World War II. Noël Coward, who had seen his early highly theatre successful and profitable 1930s "Calvacade" production at the Drury Lane, paid for the ambitious restoration of the theatre after the war end. Building permits to repair bomb damage at the Lane were remarkably hard to come by and much of his year was spent cutting through several hundred yards of red tape before rehearsals could start in late autumn . In March, Noël had cabled Mary Martin (b. 1913) a Texan singer who had first made her name in such Hollywood musicals as "The Great Victor Herbert" and with the song 'My Heart Belongs To Daddy'. Rehearsals started 4 November 1946. The London production premiered on 19 December 1946, Theatre Royal Drury Lane, starring Mary Martin, opposite actor Graham Payn, lasting in performances for four months. The lead role of Elena Salvador was taken by Mary Martin, and the other principal actors included Coward's lover Graham Payn as Kerry Stirling, Sylvia Cecil as Rosa Cariatanza, and Winifred Ingram as Trudi. Sets and costumes were designed by Coward's friend and regular designer, Gladys Calthrop. The show was not a success and ran for only four months, closing on 12 April 1947. Mary and Dick Halliday departed London April 18, 1947. Noël Coward's initial reaction to Mary Martin's singing was favorable citing Mary's projection technique with stage personality. During rehearsals Mary and Dick Halliday presented temperamental problems. Mary approached the Elena roll with serious earnest, with Noël instructing and directing Mary to lighten her character with more comedy. After the closing of the operetta, Noël came to the sad conclusion that the fundamental problem with "Pacific" is that Mary, sweet and charming as she is, knows nothing about Elena, never has and never will, and that although she has a delicious personality, she cannot sing. She is crammed with talent but she is still to 'little' to play sophisticated parts.
11 One day when Mary was in New York a workman came out of a manhole saw her and said, "Peter will you Crow for me?" And Mary Crowed as loud as she could right in the middle of Time Square.
12 Was a registered Democrat and supported liberal political causes all her life.
13 In 1938, she dubbed the singing voices for Margaret Sullavan in "The Shopworn Angel" and Gypsy Rose Lee in "The Battle of Broadway".
14 Famed Hollywood photographer George Hurrell Sr. found her less than photogenic, particularly in profile, and did most of his glamour shots full-face.
15 Aged 18, she opened a dance school in her home town Weatherford, Texas. When that burned down, she went on to sing on radio and performing song-and-dance numbers in nightclubs in California. During a talent show at the Trocadero in Los Angeles, she was spotted by the producer Lawrence Schwab, who later took her to New York and arranged her first audition for a Broadway musical.
16 Shampooed her hair on stage in over a thousand performances of the song 'I'm going to wash that man right out-a my hair' as Nellie Forbush in 'South Pacific'.
17 Had a reputation for never missing a performance and for never uttering profanities in public, on or off stage.
18 She was awarded 2 Stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Radio at 6609 Hollywood Boulevard and for Recording at 1560 Vine Street in Hollywood, California.
19 She has six grandchildren: Heidi Hagman (born 17 February 1958), Preston Hagman (born May 2, 1962), Timmy Weir (born in New York sometime between 1962 and 1967), Matthew Ternan Weir (born circa 1967), Mary Devon DeMeritt (born in 1975), and the last one born in 1979 to daughter Heller.
20 Her great-granddaughters are Noel Hagman (Noelle), Rebecca Hagman and Tara Hagman (Starla Hagman).
21 Her best friends were Janet Gaynor, Slim Hawks, and Jean Arthur, and Frank Ross.
22 Her daughter, Heller Halliday, was born on November 4, 1941, in Los Angeles. She insisted her second child was going to be a girl and she was right. Her godmothers were Judith Anderson and Jean Arthur.
23 Gave birth to a stillborn baby in May, 1945. Her daughter, Heller Halliday, was bitten badly by a dog, causing Martin to go into shock and be rushed to the hospital. This resulted in the stillbirth of her baby, as well as a blood transfusion.
24 Mother-in-law of Bromley DeMeritt, Jr. and Maj Axelsson.
25 Former mother-in-law, from 1962 to 1972, of Tony Weir.
26 In 1986-1987, while in her 70s, she toured in the play "Legends" with Carol Channing, which is chronicled in an excellent, highly amusing book "Diary of a Mad Playwright: Perilous Adventures on the Road with Mary Martin and Carol Channing" by James Kirkwood Jr. (Pulitzer Prize winning author of the Broadway play and source material for the film A Chorus Line (1985)). The production of "Legends" was a troubled one, largely because Mary had a difficult time remembering her lines. She had to be fitted with a wireless earpiece so that a prompter could feed her lines when necessary. Nevertheless, she was a hard worker and a true professional. The book is an excellent insight into the personalities of both actresses.
27 Recreated her first Broadway showstopper "My Heart Belongs to Daddy" in the film biography of Cole Porter in Night and Day (1946).
28 Biography in: "The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives". Volume Two, 1986-1990, pages 610-611. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1999.
29 Featured in a song by Canadian indie band The New Pornographers, which song creates a fictional TV program, "The Martin Martin Show," and then makes surreal references to it. Mary Martin in fact never had a TV show called "The Mary Martin Show, although she did host a senior citizens' talk show for a few years in the 1980s.
30 She lived in an apartment building called "Highland Towers" for a while in the late 1930s near the corner of Highland and Franklin Avenues in Hollywood, California. She would walk the 4 blocks to work as a singer at the "Cinegrill", a nightclub in the Roosevelt Hotel on Hollywood Boulevard and walk back home again in the evenings. Both buildings, including the nightclub remain today.
31 Turned down the Broadway hits: "Oklahoma," "Kiss Me Kate," "My Fair Lady," "Funny Girl," and "Mame."
32 Won four Tony Awards: in 1948, a Special Award for the touring production of "Annie Get Your Gun," cited for "spreading theatre to the country while the original performs in New York;" and three Best Actress (Musical) awards: in 1950, for "South Pacific;" in 1955, for "Peter Pan," a part she recreated in several television versions; and, in 1960, for "The Sound of Music." She was also nominated as Best Actress (Musical) in 1967 for "I Do! I Do!"
33 One of the few stars that legendary costume designer Edith Head disliked, or at least disliked working with. (The others were Paulette Goddard, Hedy Lamarr and Claudette Colbert).
34 The play "Kind Sir", in which Mary Martin, starred with Charles Boyer on Broadway, was later made into the Cary Grant-Ingrid Bergman movie Indiscreet (1958).
35 Won a Peabody Award for her work in the television film Valentine (1979) in 1979.
36 Made her final appearance on the London stage in the 1980 Royal Variety Performance when she performed an engaging version of "Honeybun" from one of her biggest musicals "South Pacific."
37 Introduced the song "Speak Low" in her Broadway hit "One Touch of Venus."
38 In 1982, Mary Martin, friend and manager Ben Washer, actress Janet Gaynor and Gaynor's husband, Paul Gregory, were riding in a taxi cab when a drunk driver named Bob Cato sped through a red light and smashed into their vehicle at the corner of Franklin and California Streets. The four were on their way to dinner in downtown San Francisco. Mary and Paul Gregory suffered multiple injuries but recovered. Washer was killed. Ms. Janet Gaynor subsequently died in 1984 from complications of her injuries.
39 Her father was a lawyer and her mother a violin instructor.
40 Broadway stardom came with her support role in the musical "Leave It to Me" wherein she stopped the show with her mock striptease rendering of "My Heart Belongs to Daddy" while posing on top of a large cabin trunk at a Siberian railway station. Paramount saw her in this and immediately signed her up for films.
41 Was offered the role of Miss Ellie on Dallas (1978) when Barbara Bel Geddes left the show due to health problems. She turned it down. Had she accepted, she would have played the mother of JR Ewing, who was played by Martin's son, Larry Hagman.
42 Daughter, with Richard Halliday, Heller Halliday.
43 Son is actor Larry Hagman.


Actress

Actress

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Hardcastle and McCormick 1985 TV Series Zora Hardcastle
The Love Boat 1983 TV Series Hannah Harvey
Valentine 1979 TV Movie Gracie Schwartz
Peter Pan 1960 TV Special Peter Pan
Annie Get Your Gun 1957 TV Movie Annie Oakley
Born Yesterday 1956 TV Movie Billie Dawn
Producers' Showcase 1955-1956 TV Series Peter Pan Sabina
Peter Pan 1955 TV Movie Peter Pan
Main Street to Broadway 1953 Mary Martin
Night and Day 1946 Mary Martin
True to Life 1943 Bonnie Porter
Happy Go Lucky 1943 Marjory Stuart
Star Spangled Rhythm 1942 Mary Martin- 'Hit the Road to Dreamland' Number
Birth of the Blues 1941 Betty Lou Cobb
New York Town 1941 Alexandra Curtis
Kiss the Boys Goodbye 1941 Cindy Lou Bethany
Love Thy Neighbor 1940 Mary Allen
Rhythm on the River 1940 Cherry Lane
The Great Victor Herbert 1939 Louise Hall
Battle of Broadway 1938 Linda Lee (singing voice, uncredited)

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Johnny Mercer: The Dream's on Me 2009 TV Movie documentary performer: "The Waiter, the Porter and the Upstairs Maid"
Hollywood Singing and Dancing: A Musical History - The 1940s: Stars, Stripes and Singing 2009 Video documentary performer: "That's for Me", "Only Forever" - uncredited
Only You 1994 performer: "Some Enchanted Evening"
The 41st Annual Tony Awards 1987 TV Special performer: "This House"
The 39th Annual Tony Awards 1985 TV Special performer: "Never Never Land"
The Love Boat 1983 TV Series performer - 1 episode
The 21st Annual Tony Awards 1967 TV Special performer: "Nobody's Perfect"
Peter Pan 1960 TV Special performer: "I Gotta Crow", "Never-Never Land", "I'm Flying", "Wendy", "I Won't Grow Up", "O My Mysterious Lady", "Ugg-a-Wugg", "Distant Melody", "I Gotta Crow" reprise, "Finale: Never-Never Land"
Ford Star Jubilee 1955 TV Series performer - 1 episode
General Foods 25th Anniversary Show: A Salute to Rodgers and Hammerstein 1954 TV Movie performer: "I'm Gonna Wash That Man Right Outta My Hair", "Wedding Proposal Scene", "It Might as Well Be Spring", "A Wonderful Guy"
Main Street to Broadway 1953 performer: "There's Music in You"
Night and Day 1946 performer: "My Heart Belongs to Daddy" 1938 - uncredited
True to Life 1943 performer: "Mister Pollyanna"
Happy Go Lucky 1943 performer: "Happy Go Lucky", "Let's Get Lost", "Ta-ra-ra Boom-der-é" uncredited
Star Spangled Rhythm 1942 performer: "Hit the Road to Dreamland"
Birth of the Blues 1941 performer: "Waiting at the Church" uncredited, "Cuddle Up a Little Closer" uncredited, "Wait Till the Sun Shines, Nellie" uncredited, "The Waiter, and the Porter and the Upstairs Maid"
Kiss the Boys Goodbye 1941 performer: "I'll Never Let a Day Pass By", "Kiss the Boys Goodbye", "Find Yourself a Melody", "My Start", "Ma Curly Headed Babby" uncredited
Love Thy Neighbor 1940 performer: "My Heart Belongs To Daddy"
Rhythm on the River 1940 performer: "I Don't Want to Cry Anymore", "Ain't It a Shame About Mame", "Only Forever", "That's for Me" - uncredited
The Shopworn Angel 1938 "Pack Up Your Troubles In Your Old Kit Bag and Smile, Smile, Smile!" 1915, uncredited / performer: "Pack Up Your Troubles In Your Old Kit Bag and Smile, Smile, Smile!" 1915 - uncredited

Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Shopworn Angel 1938 singing double: Margaret Sullavan - uncredited

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
American Masters 1991 TV Series documentary Herself
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts 1989 TV Special Herself - Honoree
In Performance at the White House: A Salute to Broadway, Showstoppers 1988 TV Movie Herself
America's Tribute to Bob Hope 1988 TV Movie documentary Herself
A Salute to Broadway: Showstoppers 1988 TV Movie Herself
The 41st Annual Tony Awards 1987 TV Special Herself - Performer
Josh, the Logan Legend 1986 Documentary Herself
The 3rd Annual Television Academy Hall of Fame Awards 1986 TV Special Herself
Great Performances 1981-1986 TV Series Herself
Hour Magazine 1982-1986 TV Series Herself
The 39th Annual Tony Awards 1985 TV Special Herself - Performer & Presenter: Special Award to Yul Brynner
Rodgers & Hammerstein: The Sound of American Music 1985 TV Movie documentary Herself, host
This Is Your Life 1984 TV Series documentary Herself
AFI Life Achievement Award: A Tribute to Lillian Gish 1984 TV Special documentary Herself
Night of 100 Stars 1982 TV Special Herself
Women I Love: Beautiful But Funny 1982 TV Movie Herself
All-Star Comedy Birthday Party from West Point 1981 TV Special Herself
Standing Room Only 1980 TV Series Herself
Over Easy 1979 TV Series Herself
Good Morning America 1978 TV Series Herself
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts 1978 TV Movie Herself
Bing Crosby: His Life and Legend 1978 TV Movie documentary Herself
TV: The Fabulous Fifties 1978 TV Movie Herself - Hostess of Drama Segment
The Mike Douglas Show 1976-1978 TV Series Herself - Co-Host / Herself - Actress
Just a Nimmo 1977 TV Series Herself
Dinah! 1976 TV Series Herself
The 30th Annual Tony Awards 1976 TV Special Hersel: Introduce Montage to American Theatre Wing
At Long Last Cole 1975 TV Movie Herself
This Is Your Life 1972 TV Series Herself
The 21st Annual Tony Awards 1967 TV Special Herself - Host & Nominee: Best Actress in a Musical
Mary Martin at Eastertime 1966 TV Movie Herself
Mary Martin: Hello, Dolly! Round the World 1966 TV Movie documentary Herself / Dolly Levi / Narrator
The Jack Paar Program 1964 TV Series Herself - Guest
The 15th Annual Tony Awards 1961 TV Special Herself - Presenter
The 14th Annual Tony Awards 1960 TV Special Herself - Winner: Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical
Sunday Showcase 1959 TV Series Herself
Magic with Mary Martin 1959 TV Movie Herself Cinderella Peter Pan
Music with Mary Martin 1959 TV Movie Herself - Host
The Ed Sullivan Show 1958 TV Series Herself
The 12th Annual Tony Awards 1958 TV Special Herself - Presenter
The Dinah Shore Chevy Show 1958 TV Series Herself
Ford Star Jubilee 1955 TV Series Herself
Person to Person 1954 TV Series documentary Herself - Actress
General Foods 25th Anniversary Show: A Salute to Rodgers and Hammerstein 1954 TV Movie Herself / Hostess / Nellie Forbush (segment 'South Pacific')
The Ford 50th Anniversary Show 1953 TV Movie Herself
Meet the Stars #8: Stars Past and Present 1941 Documentary short Herself
Meet the Stars #4: Variety Reel #2 1941 Documentary short Herself
Meet the Stars #1: Chinese Garden Festival 1940 Documentary short Herself
Fashion Horizons 1940 Documentary short Herself, Co-Starred in Paramount's "Love Thy Neighbor"

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
American Masters 1990-2014 TV Series documentary Herself / Peter Pan in 'Peter Pan'
Out of My Dreams: Oscar Hammerstein II 2012 TV Movie documentary Nellie Forbush
Johnny Mercer: The Dream's on Me 2009 TV Movie documentary Herself
The Best of the Royal Variety 2006 TV Series Herself
Biography 1998-2003 TV Series documentary Herself - Subject / Herself
A Bing Crosby Christmas 1998 Video documentary Herself
The 52nd Annual Tony Awards 1998 TV Special Herself
Only You 1994 Herself (uncredited)

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1956 Primetime Emmy Primetime Emmy Awards Best Actress - Single Performance Producers' Showcase (1954)

Nominated awards

Nominated awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1983 Primetime Emmy Primetime Emmy Awards Outstanding Informational Series Over Easy (1977) · Richard R. Rector (executive producer)
· Jules Power (executive producer)
· Ben Bayol (producer)
· Janice Tunder (producer)
· Jim Hartz (host)
1983 Daytime Emmy Daytime Emmy Awards Outstanding Host or Hostess in a Talk or Service Show Over Easy (1977)
1956 Primetime Emmy Primetime Emmy Awards Best Musical Contribution Ford Star Jubilee (1955) · Noël Coward (performer)


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#Quote
1 Things can get very lovey and feasty with a bunch of stimulated hams.
2 Anything was better than playing cards, and I was doing something I wanted to do - creating.
3 I was seventeen years old, a married woman without real responsibilities, miserable about my mixed-up emotions, afraid there was something awfully wrong with me because I didn't enjoy being a wife. Worst of all, I didn't have enough to do.
4 It was all role playing. I felt Larry was my little brother, Ben my big brother. Role playing was something I had known since I was born, but it wasn't a good basis for a marriage.
5 Even as a baby I quickly learned to crawl out of my crib. ... They'd put up barriers but I learned how to go over them.
6 Never, never, never can I say I had a frustrating childhood. It was all joy. Mother used to say she never had seen such a happy child - that I awakened each morning with a smile. I don't remember that, but I do remember that I never wanted to go to bed, to go to sleep, for fear I'd miss something.
7 Neverland is the way I would like real life to be ... timeless, free, mischievous, filled with gaiety, tenderness, and magic.
8 Stop the habit of wishful thinking and start the habit of thoughtful wishes.
9 I've always voted Democrat, it just seems to come naturally to me. I also believe my family and I are one of the last good Democrats the state of Texas ever produced.


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