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Maria Jeritza

The flamboyant soprano Maria Jeritza, born in Moravia, made her early career mainly in Vienna, where her exceptional beauty, silvery spinto-weight voice and flair for dramatic (not saying sensational) stage action made her a star from the first magnitude. Baptized Mimi Jedlitzková and later on phoning herself Marie Jedlitzka, she sang a broad repertory and participated in the premieres of a number of important operas. Her attractive existence was as pleasant in the Metropolitan Opera since it was in European countries and she became a respected designer there in the 1920s. Amazing though it may look, given her later on theatrics, Jeritza was an extremely shy child. Starting her research at age 12, she moved into the Brünn Musikschule. At 14, she undertook personal lessons from Teacher Auspitzer, with whom she continued to be for quite some time. Although urged by Auspitzer to audition for a posture with several regional opera homes, Jeritza refused, as well terrified to sing before an viewers of any size. Her instructor, consequently, devised a ruse, requesting her 1 day only to sing through some arias. When she completed, the director from the Olmütz Opera made an appearance from behind some draperies and educated the startled youthful soprano that he wanted to indulge her. Jeritza’s Olmütz debut as Elsa in Lohengrin noticed the beginning of an instant rise in self-confidence and dramatic savvy. Not even half a 12 months later on, she journeyed to Vienna to audition for the Volksoper. Performing but several steps, she was educated that she’d be employed. Two seasons in the Volksoper resulted in guest engagements somewhere else and a scheduled appointment to Vienna’s Courtroom Opera, especially in the demand of Emperor Franz Joseph. In the mean time, she experienced created the name part in Stuttgart of Richard Strauss’ Ariadne auf Naxos, therefore starting her long-term romantic relationship using the composer who give her another magnificent part, that of the Empress in Die Frau ohne Schatten in its 1919 premiere in Vienna. In both Frau and in the 1916 premiere from the modified Ariadne in Vienna, Jeritza was combined with soprano Lotte Lehmann. Jeritza also produced the part of Janácek’s Jenufa for Vienna, as she was later on to accomplish for NY. Another extremely publicized Jeritza creation was the part of Marietta in Erich Korngold’s Die Tote Stadt, premiered in Hamburg in 1920 and repeated in NY the following 12 months. This role, actually, provided the automobile for Jeritza’s Metropolitan debut. During this time period, the soprano also accomplished renown on her behalf interpretations of Puccini heroines. Her imperious Turandot was hailed as a significant achievement and her not-quite susceptible Tosca became exceedingly popular, not least on her behalf performing “Vissi d’arte” from a susceptible placement. Tenor Aureliano Pertile, celebrated in his indigenous Italy as the very best from the dramatic tenors, experienced the misfortune to create his debut opposing Jeritza’s initial Metropolitan Tosca. Jeritza received what, regarding to Met supervisor Giulio Gatti-Casazza’s recollection, was the best response he previously ever witnessed within a theater. Pertile was basically disregarded. Jeritza’s successes embraced an array of roles, most of them interesting, if occasionally misconceived. Her Octavian in Rosenkavalier was both stunningly attractive and handsomely sung. Her Minnie, Thaïs, Salome, Fedora, and Ägyptische Helena (which she premiered on the Met) had been animals of unending fascination. Although Jeritza still left the Met through the Melancholy years when pay out cuts had been mandated, she continuing to enthrall viewers in Europe through the entire 1930s.

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