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Manos Hadjidakis

Biography

Manos Hadjidakis (while his name is normally spelled in British) could very well be contemporary Greece’s greatest composer and songwriter, rivaled only by Mikis Theodorakis for the name. Hadjidakis helped usher in a fresh period of Greek music within the post-WWII period, elevating the earthiest strains of Greek folk and well-known track into respected artwork forms. Along the way, he found huge popular achievement in his house nation, chiefly through his are a pop songwriter, and became familiar to worldwide viewers through his film soundtracks, earning an Oscar in 1960. He also constructed contemporary classical parts for ensembles little and large, frequently motivated by Greek poetry, and composed for movie theater and ballet. A lot of his music, bigger compositions, and recordings are believed classics in Greece, and cornerstones from the country’s contemporary well-known music. He continued to be a highly reputed intellectual and ethnic body in Greece until his loss of life in 1994. Hadjidakis was created in the north city of Xanthi, Greece, on Oct 23, 1925. He began piano lessons at age group four, and afterwards discovered the violin and accordion aswell. In 1932, his parents divorced, and he transferred with his mom to Athens. His dad died within a airplane crash in 1938, departing the family within a dire economic state just worsened with the German job in World Battle II. Hadjidakis proved helpful a succession of unusual jobs to aid his family, but additionally managed to research advanced music theory and structure as an adolescent, also enrolling in the University or college of Athens to review philosophy (conditions avoided him from completing his level). In 1943, he fulfilled the revered surrealist poet Nikos Gatsos, who continue to be his preferred lyricist and use him on almost all his vocal compositions. Hadjidakis 1st found an wall plug for his compositional capability when he linked to the Art Theater of Athens, and added music to its 1944 creation of Alexis Solomos’ THE FINAL White Crow. He’d use the Art Theater for another 15 years, rating several canonical takes on by American and Western writers, and in addition began to perform the same for the Greek Country wide Theatre beginning in the first ’50s. He published his 1st film score, free of charge Slaves, in 1946, and the next year released his first modern piano piece, For a little White colored Seashell. In 1948, Hadjidakis offered a high-profile educational lecture praising rembetika (occasionally spelled rebetico), the favorite folk music form which was the province from the metropolitan lower course and was thought to be borderline immoral from the traditional intelligentsia. The country’s musical establishment was scandalized, but Hadjidakis experienced mapped out the road that could make him among contemporary Greece’s most valued musical figures. Being a composer, Hadjidakis embraced rembetika on his 1951 piano function Six Folklore Paintings, which modified rembetika melodies right into a even more artful display, and was also provided being a ballet (among four he constructed from 1949-1957). For the time being, he had started to compose music for theatrical productions of traditional Greek tragedies, you start with Aeschylus’ Orestes trilogy in 1950; normally, such employment was reserved for scholarly academics. He finished one of is own major contemporary classical functions in 1954’s The C.N.S. Routine, a melody routine for piano and baritone vocalist. The next year, he have scored the film Stella, which would end up being one of is own major successes for the reason that region. Starring celebrity Melina Mercouri, whom Hadjidakis acquired known from her times in the movie theater, sang the melody portions from the soundtrack, and would become among Hadjidakis’ most sympathetic interpreters. In 1959, Hadjidakis started dealing with the youthful, up-and-coming Nana Mouskouri, for whom he’d supply material frequently; he also helped introduce the music of Mikis Theodorakis towards the Greek general public by organizing his music “Epitaphios” for any Mouskouri recording program. The following yr, he reunited with Mercouri within the Jules Dassin-directed film By no means on Sunday. It had been a breakthrough worldwide hit that received Hadjidakis an Oscar for his name music, which became a smash achievement in many elements of the entire world. In 1962, he staged the questionable musical Road of Dreams, right now seen as a landmark of Greek theatre because of its frank subject material, and finished revisions on his rating for Aristophanes’ Wild birds, which subsequently positioned among his finest compositions. Hadjidakis have scored two even more internationally prominent movies in Elia Kazan’s America, America (1963) and Jules Dassin’s Topkapi (1964), and struck up an extended relationship with choreographer Maurice Béjart of 20th Hundred years Ballets, who collaborated over the composer’s forays into ballet after that. Hadjidakis also founded the Athens Experimental Orchestra in 1964, which offered a car for his personal function which of avant-garde Greek composers like Iannis Xenakis. Nevertheless, even while Hadjidakis’ fascination with experimental music grew, therefore did his fascination with music framework; his 1965 function Mythology discovered him ranging further and further afield in his traditional songwriting, fusing components of symphonic, Turkish Byzantine, and ancient greek language music with contemporary rembetika. In 1966, Hadjidakis journeyed to NY for the Broadway premiere of Illya Darling, the stage edition of Under no circumstances on Weekend. He finished up keeping there until 1972, partly due to the repressive armed forces junta that overran the Greek federal government. While in the us, he completed many even more major compositions, like the piano piece Rhythmology as well as the melody routine Magnus Eroticus, which established 12 Greek poems contemporary and historic to music; still fascinated with popular melody, he also documented the LP Reflections with the brand new York Stone Ensemble. Hadjidakis came back to Greece in 1972, so when the armed forces dictatorship dropped, he took several high-ranking ethnic positions: directing their state Orchestra (through 1981) as well as the classical-oriented route of the nationwide radio (1982), in addition to becoming deputy movie director of the nationwide opera (until 1977). He began several music celebrations and contests in the past due ’70s and early ’80s, and in 1985 began his very own record firm (Sirius) and ethnic newspaper. In 1989, he founded and aimed the Orchestra of Colors, a symphonic group specialized in unconventional functions. By this time around, he was experiencing heart disease, which would ultimately claim his existence on June 15, 1994.

Quick Facts


Full Name Manos Hadjidakis
Date Of Birth October 23, 1925
Died June 15, 1994, Athens, Greece
Profession Film Score Composer
Education National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Nationality Greek
Children George Theophanopoulos-Hatzidakis
Parents Georgios Hadjidakis, Aliki Arvanitidou
Siblings Miranda Hadjidaki
Awards Academy Award for Best Original Song
Albums Gioconda's Smile, O Megalos Erotikos, Dekapente Esperinoi, Aliki My Love, Pashalies Mesa Apo Tin Nekri Gi, Ta tragoudia tis amartias, Ta 35 Tragoudia Ths Rwmaikhs Agoras (disc 1), 30 Nihterina, Kesar Ke Kleopatra, O Odiporos, to Methismeno Koritsi ke o Alkiviadis, Ellas I Hora Ton Oneiron, O Skliros Aprilis Tou '45, Kapetan Mihalis, Manos Hadjidakis 2000 ?.?., Topkapi, Gia tin Eleni, Odos Oniron (Street Of Dreams), Retrospective:Looking Back At The Masterpieces, Never On Sunday (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack), Jamais le Dimanche (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack), To Hamogelo Tis Tzokodas, Manos Hatzidakis: Never On Sunday, Lilacs Out Of The Dead Land, Faccia Di Spia (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack), Coffee Shop, Hits To The Top, World of Super Hits, Ornithes (The Birds), 2000 A.D., I Nena Venetsanou Tragouda Mano Hadjidaki, Bird Of Prey, Never On Sunday, Bottled Up, Golden Hits, Silhouettes, Dateline Rome, Christmas Bells Are Ringing, Confectioner's, Anastasia, Gentleman Tunes, Blue Haze, Always The Best Hits, Fishing For Compliments, Mega Hits For You, Hidden Insights, Oi Mpalantes Tis Odou Athinas, The Last Lullaby, Imposingly, College Man, Meet And Greet On Broadway, Skiniki Mousiki Kai Tragoudia
Nominations Tony Award for Best Original Score
Movies Pote tin Kyriaki, Sweet Movie, America America, Stella, O megalos erotikos, Topkapi, Alice in the Navy, Madalena, The Ogre of Athens, I kalpiki lira, The 300 Spartans, Alloimono stous neous, A Matter of Dignity, I Agni tou limaniou, Memed My Hawk, Mia zoi tin ehoume, It Happened in Athens, Randevou stin Kerkyra, The Invincible Six, The Pedestrian, O ziliarogatos, Oi paranomoi, To Klotsoskoufi, Dry Summer, Chtypokardia Sto Thranio, Maiden's Cheek, Laterna, ftoheia kai garyfallo, Blue, C.I.A. Secret Story, The Fortune Teller, Eleftheri katadysi, A Hero in His Slippers, Adoulotoi sklavoi, Quiet Days in August, Manos Hajidakis: Eidolo ston kathrefti, Nekri politeia, Enas erodios gia tin Germania, (Mia mera sta Patisia), One Street Organ, One Life, Lost Dreams, Heaven Is Ours, Return to Aeolus Street, To xefoto


  • Facts
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#Fact
1 Was nominated for two Tony Awards in 1968 for "Ilya, Darling:" as Best Composer and Lyricist, with collaborator Joe Darion, and for his music as part of a Best Musical nomination.


Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Manos Hajidakis - Eidolo ston kathrefti 2008 Documentary
I teleftaia parastasi 2006 TV Series
Eleftheri katadysi 1995
The Clearing 1994 Short
(Mia mera sta Patisia) 1994 Short
Isyhes meres tou Avgoustou 1991
Enas erodios gia tin Germania 1988
Memed My Hawk 1984 as Manos Hadjidakis
Capitali culturali d'Europa 1983 TV Series documentary 1 episode
Taxeidi tou melitos 1979
The Cousteau Odyssey 1977-1978 TV Series documentary 4 episodes
Agapite lohia 1977 Short
Gia mia drahmi 1976 Short
Faccia di spia 1975
La voleuse de Londres 1974 TV Movie
Sweet Movie 1974
Katohi 1973 TV Series 1973
O megalos erotikos 1973 Documentary
The Pedestrian 1973
Hroniko - Sylloges apo to Theatro Tehnis 1972 Documentary
The Invincible Six 1970 as Manos Hadjidakis
Blue 1968 as Manos Hadjidakis
Assignment Skybolt 1968
White City 1968 Documentary as Manos Xatzidakis
The Steps 1966
Melodien, die die Welt eroberten 1966 TV Movie
Topkapi 1964 as Manos Hadjidakis
Htypokardia sto thranio 1963
Nine Miles to Noon 1963 as Manos Hadjidakis
Dry Summer 1963
America America 1963 as Manos Hadjidakis
Aliki My Love 1963
Siralardaki heyecanlar 1963
The 300 Spartans 1962 as Manos Hadjidakis
It Happened in Athens 1962
Agapi kai thyella 1961
Hamena oneira 1961
I Liza kai i alli 1961
Alloimono stous neous 1961
Lisa, Tosca of Athens 1961
Traumland der Sehnsucht 1961 Documentary
Alice in the Navy 1961
Ornithes 1961 Documentary short
I kyria dimarhos 1960
Randevou stin Kerkyra 1960
To Klotsoskoufi 1960
To koroidaki tis despoinidos 1960
Moment of Passion 1960
Madalena 1960
To nisi ton gennaion 1960
To potami 1960
Enas Ellinas sto Parisi 1960
Never on Sunday 1960
Erotikes istories 1959
Zalongo, to kastro tis lefterias 1959
To xylo vgike apo ton Paradeiso 1959
Enas iros me padoufles 1958
Mia laterna, mia zoi 1958
Ola gia to paidi tis 1958
Laterna, ftoheia kai garyfallo 1958
Mia zoi tin ehoume 1958
Oi paranomoi 1958
Horse and Carriage 1958
To teleftaio psema 1958
I dipsa 1957
Tis tyhis ta grammena 1957
Agioupa, to koritsi tou kampou 1957
I limni ton pothon 1957
Trouble for Fathers 1957
Dollaria kai oneira 1956
I kafetzou 1956 as Manolis Hatzidakis
O ziliarogatos 1956
The Ogre of Athens 1956
O dromos me tis akakies 1956
Laterna, ftoheia kai filotimo 1955
Istoria mias kalpikis liras 1955
Dva zrna grozdja 1955
Stella 1955
Nyhterini peripeteia 1954
Magiki polis 1954
Oi ouranoi einai dikoi mas 1953
Lily of the Harbor 1952
O grousouzis 1952
Nekri politeia 1951
Dyo kosmoi 1949
O kokkinos vrahos 1949
Adoulotoi sklavoi 1946

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Dyo kosmoi 1949 writer: "Tragoudi tis douleias", "Irthe vorrias"
Marguerite et Julien 2015 performer: "Kodesa Esterhazi Countless Esterhazy, "O K. Noll Mr Knoll / writer: "Kodesa Esterhazi Countless Esterhazy, "O K. Noll Mr Knoll
Tenacity and Gratitude: The Frank Cotolo Story 2014 Documentary writer: "Never On A Sunday Cotolo's Version" - as Manos Hadjidakis
Moeder, ik wil bij de revue 2012 TV Series music - 1 episode
Hrysoskoni 2009 performer: "Kyrie" / writer: "Kyrie"
My Life in Ruins 2009 as Manos Hadjidakis, "Ta Pedia Tou Pirea" 1960
Fila ton vatraho sou 2008 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Buat Al-Gaida 2007 TV Series writer - 3 episodes
Dorfers Donnerstalk TV Series lyrics - 1 episode, 2006 music - 1 episode, 2006
Munich 2005 writer: "Never on Sunday"
Sto para 5 2005 TV Series writer - 2 episodes
To kokkino domatio 2005 TV Series writer - 1 episode
S' agapo - M' agapas 2000 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Black Milk 1999 writer: "Ela pare mou ti lypi"
Dogma 1999 writer: "Never on Sunday" - as Manos Hadjidakis
Liian paksu perhoseksi 1998 TV Movie writer: "Armonaikaa"
Florentine 1997 TV Series music - 1 episode
Sunday 1997 writer: "Piraeus' Children" - as Manos Hadjidkis
Beautiful Girls 1996 writer: "Never on Sunday" - as Manos Hadjidakis
Tohuwabohu 1992 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Isyhes meres tou Avgoustou 1991 writer: "Mikrainei to feggari", "Afti i gynaika", "Isyhes meres tou Avgoustou", "Mes tis zestes meres tou Avgoustou"
The Wonder Years 1989 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Gefsi apo... Ellada! 1980 writer: "Athina"
Cuba 1979 writer: "Pote Tin Kyriaki" - uncredited
The Muppet Show 1978 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Pink Lips 1977 writer: "Never on a Sunday" - uncredited
Mousiki vradya 1976 TV Series writer - 4 episodes
Kerkyra 1973 Documentary short writer: "I nyhta ekeini"
The Lawrence Welk Show TV Series music - 1 episode, 1970 writer - 1 episode, 1964
Magical Mystery Tour 1967 TV Movie music: "Never on Sunday" - uncredited
The Ed Sullivan Show 1967 TV Series writer - 1 episode
The Dean Martin Show 1966 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Htypokardia sto thranio 1963 writer: "Htypokardia", "S' agapo", "O amaxas", "Fevgoun ta neiata"
In the Cool of the Day 1963 music: "In the Cool of the Day" - as Manos Hadjidakis
I Liza kai i alli 1961 performer: "Dawning", "Night"
Alloimono stous neous 1961 writer: "Pes mou mia lexi", "As ein' kala to ginati sou"
Muchachas que trabajan 1961 writer: "Nunca en Domingo Never on Sunday"
The 33rd Annual Academy Awards 1961 TV Special writer: "Never on Sunday"
Alice in the Navy 1961 writer: "Gaidarakos", "Trava bros", "O glaros"
Madalena 1960 lyrics: "Mes s' afti ti varka", "Thalassa Platia" / music: "Mes s' afti ti varka", "Thalassa Platia"
Toute la Chanson 1960 TV Series music - 1 episode
Never on Sunday 1960 lyrics: "Ta paidia tou Peiraia" / music: "Ta paidia tou Peiraia", "Ein Schiff wird kommen"
Laterna, ftoheia kai garyfallo 1958 writer: "Ah, vre paliomisoforia", "Fousta klaroti"
I kafetzou 1956 writer: "Firi-firi to pas"
The Ogre of Athens 1956 writer: "Ilisos"
Stella 1955 lyrics: "To fegari einai kokkino" / music: "To fegari einai kokkino", "Agapi pou gine dikopo mahairi", "O minas ehei 13", "Efta tragoudia tha sou po"
Lily of the Harbor 1952 writer: "Einai kaimos"

Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Give Me the Rose and the Glove 2001 Short music
Isyhes meres tou Avgoustou 1991 conductor
Memed My Hawk 1984 conductor - as Manos Hadjidakis
Capitali culturali d'Europa 1983 TV Series documentary composer - 1 episode
The Invincible Six 1970 conductor - as Manos Hadjidakis
Nine Miles to Noon 1963 conductor - as Manos Hadjidakis
The 300 Spartans 1962 conductor - as Manos Hadjidakis
Tis nyhtas ta kamomata 1957 orchestrator
The Ogre of Athens 1956 musical group
Oi ouranoi einai dikoi mas 1953 conductor
Lily of the Harbor 1952 conductor
O grousouzis 1952 conductor
O kokkinos vrahos 1949 conductor

Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Lily of the Harbor 1952 Pianist (uncredited)

Producer

Producer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
O megalos erotikos 1973 Documentary producer

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Giannis Tsarouhis - Spoudi gia ena portraito 1981 Documentary Himself
To bouzouki 1973 Documentary Himself
Discorama 1960 TV Series Himself

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Paraskinio 2007 TV Series documentary Himself

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1961 Oscar Academy Awards, USA Best Music, Original Song Pote tin Kyriaki (1960)
1960 Greek Competition Award Thessaloniki Film Festival Best Music To potami (1960)


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