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Malcolm Arnold

Biography

Sir Malcolm Arnold’s 60-calendar year career shows him to become possibly the most versatile and prolific of the numerous British composers who all emerged within the post-World Battle II era. Blessed in Northampton in 1921, Arnold was educated being a composer and trumpeter on the Royal University of Music from 1938 to 1941 (under Gordon Jacob for structure and Ernest Hall for trumpet), and he gained a trumpet placement using the London Philharmonic Orchestra. Following a advertising to primary trumpet in 1942, Arnold’s profession there is interrupted by 2 yrs of military provider (1944-1945) along with a calendar year with Adrian Boult as well as the BBC Symphony (through the 1945-1946 period). Arnold came back towards the London Philharmonic in 1946, but shortly found that structure was exercising an extremely strong keep over his musical interest. Upon getting the Mendelssohn scholarship or grant in 1948 (which, furthermore to prestige, offered the youthful composer with money to spend annually in Italy), Arnold resigned through the orchestra to spend himself to structure (and, later, performing) on the full-time basis. Arnold’s result over the following 50 years was prodigious: nine symphonies, 20 concertos, five ballets (including a edition of Sweeney Todd in 1959), along with a apparently inexhaustible way to obtain smaller items for all sorts of ensembles. An effective secondary career like a film composer led to over 80 ratings, like the Academy Award-winning Bridge for the River Kwai. Arnold offers been the receiver of many general public and educational honors, including honorary doctorates through the colleges of Exeter, Durham, and Leicester, as well as the Ivor Novello Honor for “Exceptional Services to English Music” in 1986. Called Commander from the English Empire in 1970, he was further honored in 1993 when his name made an appearance among those chosen as Knights from the English Empire. His level of resistance to recognition with the different and ubiquitous “universities” of structure during the second option half of the twentieth hundred years gained him the unbridled displeasure of several critics and fellow composers. On the top, his music appears more designed to pleasant audiences than to place his formidable specialized skills on screen, or even to make musical or creative “improvement.” While sometimes the overly available surface curves of his function (specially the large-scale orchestral items) obscure the essential tensions that travel the music in a deeper level, Arnold’s feeling of workmanship — an aristocratic satisfaction that prohibits him from participating in what he views as vulgar twentieth hundred years methods, while also maybe leading to his music-making to flunk of its deeply expressive potential — offers led to an enviable uniformity of result. Arnold called Berlioz as an motivation; influence also originated from a composer who offered Britain using its wartime anthem and who was simply always popular in Britain than over the Continent — the likewise anti-modernist and individualist Jean Sibelius.

Quick Facts


Full Name Malcolm Arnold
Died September 23, 2006, Norwich, United Kingdom
Profession Conductor, Trumpeter, Film Score Composer
Nationality British
Spouse Isobel Grey, Sheila Nicholson
Children Katherine Arnold, Edward Arnold, Robert Arnold
Awards Academy Award for Best Original Music Score
Albums Bridge On The River Kwai, English, Scottish & Cornish Dances, Inn of the Sixth Happiness (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack), Arnold on Brass, Overtures, Symphonies nos. 7 and 8, The Heroes of Telemark, Express Yourself, Noble Blue, Handley conducts Arnold (London Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Vernon Handley), Ballet Music: Electra / Rinaldo and Armida / Suites from "Homage to the Queen" and "Sweeney Todd", Hurrah for Malcolm Arnold, BBC Music, Volume 24, Number 5: Guitar Concertos, Enjoy Your Time, Piano Music by Malcolm Arnold & Constant Lambert, Talkative Friend, At An Earlier Time, The Inn of The Sixth Happiness/ Trapeze (Classic Original Soundtrack Albums), English Viola Sonatas, Concerto for 28 Players / Variations on a Theme of Ruth Gipps / Little Suites nos. 1 & 2 / A Manx Suite, Tunes of Glory (Original Film Soundtrack), The Bridge On the River Kwai (Oscar 1962), Long Play, Arnold: English and Cornish Dances etc., La clé (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack, Mono Version), In That Golden Summer Time, A Bouquet Of Hits, The Lion (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) [Remastered], The Cinema of Elizabeth Taylor, Days To Come, All Over The World, Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 2 "Le Double", Job: A Masque for Dancing, Confectioner's, Le Pont de la rivière Kwaï (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack, Mono Version), English Guitar Concertos (Northern Sinfonia, feat. conductor: Richard Hickox, guitar: Craig Ogden), Be With Me, Explore, Love Caught, Symphonies no. 1 & no. 2, String Quartets Nos. 1 and 2 (Maggini Quartet), Id Like To Hear That Song Again, BBC Music, Volume 20, Number 11: Malcolm Arnold: Symphony No. 1 plus works by Coates, Enescu and J. Strauss II (BBC Concert Orchestra, conductors: Keith Lockhart, Johannes Wildner, Barry Wordsworth), Complete Music for Solo Piano, In The Wild West, Le pont de la rivière Kwaï - The Bridge On the River Kwai (David Lean's Original Motion Picture Soundtrack), Dances, Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 5, Christmas Bells Are Ringing, The Malcolm Arnold Edition, Volume 3: Orchestral, Brass & Piano Music (disc 4), Acquaintance
Movies The Bridge on the River Kwai, The Inn of the Sixth Happiness, Hobson's Choice, Whistle Down the Wind, The Belles of St Trinian's, The Heroes of Telemark, The Sound Barrier, The Roots of Heaven, Trapeze, Tunes of Glory, Stolen Face, The Sea Shall Not Have Them, No Love for Johnnie, Nine Hours to Rama, The Sleeping Tiger, The Captain's Paradise, The Night My Number Came Up, A Hill in Korea, The Holly and the Ivy, You Know What Sailors Are, Sky West and Crooked, It Started in Paradise, I Am a Camera, The Chalk Garden, Dunkirk, Suddenly, Last Summer, The Angry Silence, Africa Texas Style, 1984, Blue Murder at St Trinian's, Island in the Sun, Four Sided Triangle, The Deep Blue Sea, The Key, Tamahine, A Prize of Gold, The Great St Trinian's Train Robbery, Albert R.N., The Pure Hell of St Trinian's, David Copperfield, The Constant Husband, Port Afrique, Tiger in the Smoke, The Ringer, Wicked as They Come, Wings of Danger, The Forbidden Street, Twist of Fate, Devil on Horseback, On the Fiddle, Home to Danger


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#Fact
1 He was awarded the CBE (Commander of the Order of the British Empire) in the 1970 Queen's New Year Honours List for his services to music.
2 Arnold was so infuriated by the way in which Sir William Walton had been treated over the music for "Battle Of Britain" that he vowed he would withdraw from the film world and never again write film music. He had already contracted to compose the scores for "The Reckoning" and the TV movie "David Copperfield", but once he had fulfilled these obligations, he kept his promise and disappeared from the world of films completely, always refusing movie offers. (He did occasionally write music for TV).
3 Malcolm Arnold composed music for the "Ring Around the Rosy" sequence in Gene Kelly's Invitation to the Dance (1956) which was filmed in England in 1952. Later in Hollywood, André Previn was commissioned to write a new score for the number and had to match his music exactly to the filmed dancers' movements, the reverse of normal ballet procedure.
4 As a favor to long-time friend William Walton, Arnold agreed to orchestrate Walton's score for Battle of Britain (1969). When Walton found difficulty composing under the schedule at his age, Arnold secretly helped compose several cues. Ultimately, however, the score was rejected and replaced with one by Ron Goodwin. The Walton/Arnold version of final battle scene score, however, was retained in the release version. The Walton/Arnold score has since been released on CD and as an alternate track on the M-G-M release of the film on Blu-Ray and DVD. Arnold's contribution is unmistakable to those familiar with his style.
5 The producers of "Bridge on the River Kwai" wanted to release the movie in time to make the deadline for Academy Award consideration. However, they couldn't find any composers willing to write a score on such a tight deadline. Arnold accepted the challenge. They gave him 10 days to compose the complete film score; he did it, and won the Oscar for best score.
6 He was given exemption from the military during WWII, but after his brother in the RAF was killed, he was determined to serve in the armed forces. He was turned down by the parachute regiment and the Navy, but was finally enlisted in the infantry.
7 He was the youngest of five children of a shoemaker. A rebellious teenager, he enjoyed the creativity and freedom of jazz music. After seeing Louis Armstrong play in Bournemouth, he took trumpet lessons, and won a scholarship to the Royal College of Music when he was 17. By 1943, he was principal trumpet with the London Philharmonic, and he loved brass music throughout his life.
8 In 2001 was awarded a Fellowship of the British Academy of Composers and Songwriters, it was presented on the occasion of an 80th Birthday concert at Wigmore Hall.
9 Has one son and one daughter through first marriage with Sheila Nicholson, and one son from second marriage with Isobel Gray.
10 Children: (with Sheila) Katherine and Robert; (with Isobel) Edward


Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Making of 'The Bridge on the River Kwai' 2000 Video documentary
The Bridge on the River Kwai: An Appreciation by Filmmaker John Milius 2000 Video documentary short
Band 1998 Documentary
Hard Times 1977 TV Mini-Series 4 episodes
David Copperfield 1970 TV Movie
The Reckoning 1970
The First Lady 1968 TV Series
North Sea Strike 1967 Documentary
Africa: Texas Style 1967
The Great St. Trinian's Train Robbery 1966
Gypsy Girl 1966
The Heroes of Telemark 1965
The Thin Red Line 1964
The Chalk Garden 1964
Espionage 1963-1964 TV Series 7 episodes
Tamahine 1963
Nine Hours to Rama 1963
The Lion 1962
Lisa 1962
Operation Snafu 1961
Whistle Down the Wind 1961
No Love for Johnnie 1961
The Pure Hell of St. Trinian's 1960
Tunes of Glory 1960
The Angry Silence 1960
Suddenly, Last Summer 1959
Solomon and Sheba 1959 uncredited
The Boy and the Bridge 1959
Coupe des alpes: The Story of the 1958 Alpine Rally 1958
The Inn of the Sixth Happiness 1958
The Roots of Heaven 1958
The Key 1958
Dunkirk 1958
The Rise and Fall of a Jungle Giant 1958 Documentary short uncredited
Blue Murder at St. Trinian's 1957
The Bridge on the River Kwai 1957
Island in the Sun 1957
Man of Africa 1956
The Open Window 1956 TV Movie
Tiger in the Smoke 1956
Hell in Korea 1956
Port Afrique 1956
Trapeze 1956
Wicked as They Come 1956
1984 1956
The Woman for Joe 1955
The Deep Blue Sea 1955
Value for Money 1955
I Am a Camera 1955
Marriage a la Mode 1955
The Night My Number Came Up 1955
A Prize of Gold 1955
War in the Air 1954-1955 TV Series documentary 3 episodes
The Sea Shall Not Have Them 1954
The Belles of St. Trinian's 1954
Twist of Fate 1954
The Sleeping Tiger 1954
Welcome the Queen! 1954 Documentary
Hobson's Choice 1954
Devil on Horseback 1954
A Queen's Royal Tour 1954 Documentary
You Know What Sailors Are 1954
Powered Flight: The Story of the Century 1953 Documentary
Break to Freedom 1953
Copenhagen, City of Towers 1953 Documentary short
The Captain's Paradise 1953
Four Sided Triangle 1953
Channel Islands 1952 Documentary short
The Island 1952 Documentary short
The Holly and the Ivy 1952
The Ringer 1952
It Started in Paradise 1952
Breaking the Sound Barrier 1952
Curtain Up 1952
Stolen Face 1952
Dead on Course 1952
Murder on Monday 1952
Power for All 1951 Documentary short
The Changing Face of Europe 1951 Documentary segments "1 "Power for All", "4 "Men and Machines"
Home to Danger 1951
No Highway in the Sky 1951 uncredited
Fifty Acres 1950 Short documentary
Science in the Orchestra 1950 Documentary
The Riddle of Japan 1950 Documentary short
Up for the Cup 1950 uncredited
Drums for a Holiday 1950 Short documentary
Eye Witness 1950
The Fair County of Ayr 1949 Documentary short
The Frasers of Cabot Cove 1949 Short
The Gates of Power 1949 Short
This Farming Business 1949 Documentary
The Forbidden Street 1949
Badger's Green 1949
Charting the Seas 1948 Documentary short
Mining Review 1948 Documentary
Report on Steel 1948 Documentary short
Avalanche Patrol 1947 Documentary short
This Modern Age 1946 Documentary short segments "22 "Women in Our Time", "23 "Cotton: Lancashire's Time for Adventure", "25 "Struggle for Oil", "30 "Fight for a Fuller Life", "32 "Trieste, Problem City", "33 "When You Went Away", "35 "The Riddle of Japan", "36 "Where Britain Stands"

Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Wildcats of St. Trinian's 1980 composer: theme music
Hard Times 1977 TV Mini-Series composer - 1 episode
David Copperfield 1970 TV Movie conductor
The Reckoning 1970 conductor
Cowboy in Africa 1967-1968 TV Series composer - 16 episodes
North Sea Strike 1967 Documentary conductor
Africa: Texas Style 1967 conductor
The Great St. Trinian's Train Robbery 1966 conductor
Gypsy Girl 1966 conductor
The Heroes of Telemark 1965 conductor
Espionage TV Series composer - 16 episodes, 1963 - 1964 conductor - 2 episodes, 1963 - 1964
The Thin Red Line 1964 conductor
The Chalk Garden 1964 conductor
Tamahine 1963 conductor
Nine Hours to Rama 1963 conductor
The Lion 1962 conductor
Lisa 1962 conductor
Operation Snafu 1961 musical director - uncredited
Whistle Down the Wind 1961 conductor
No Love for Johnnie 1961 conductor
The Pure Hell of St. Trinian's 1960 conductor
Tunes of Glory 1960 conductor
The Angry Silence 1960 conductor
Chance Meeting 1959 conductor
The Inn of the Sixth Happiness 1958 conductor
Alan Melville Takes You from A-Z 1958 TV Series featuring the music of - 1 episode
The Roots of Heaven 1958 conductor
The Key 1958 musical director
Blue Murder at St. Trinian's 1957 conductor
The Bridge on the River Kwai 1957 conductor - uncredited
Island in the Sun 1957 conductor
Man of Africa 1956 conductor
Tiger in the Smoke 1956 conductor
Twist of Fate 1954 musical director
Powered Flight: The Story of the Century 1953 Documentary conductor
Terror Street 1953 composer: stock music - uncredited
Gilbert and Sullivan 1953 music arranger - uncredited
Channel Islands 1952 Documentary short conductor
Dead on Course 1952 musical director - uncredited
Power for All 1951 Documentary short conductor
Mining Review 1948 Documentary conductor

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
BBC Proms 2007 TV Series 1 episode
The Wildcats of St. Trinian's 1980 writer: "St. Trinian's School Song" - uncredited
The Mother and the Whore 1973 performer: "Concerto for Group and Orchestra"
Battle of Britain 1969 performer: "Battle in the Air"
Divertimento 1968 Short writer: "Divertimento for flute, oboe and clarinet, op. 37"
The Great St. Trinian's Train Robbery 1966 music: "St. Trinian's School Song" - uncredited
Operation Snafu 1961 arranger: "She'll Be Comin' Round the Mountain" - uncredited
The Jack Benny Program 1961 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Tunes of Glory 1960 arranger: "The Black Bear" - uncredited
The Inn of the Sixth Happiness 1958 arranger: "THE CHILDREN'S MARCHING SONG THIS OLD MAN"
The Roots of Heaven 1958 arranger: "Minna's Theme" - uncredited
Blue Murder at St. Trinian's 1957 arranger: "Santa Lucia", "Wedding March" - uncredited / music: "St.Trinian's School Song" - uncredited
The Bridge on the River Kwai 1957 arranger: "Colonel Bogey March" 1914 - uncredited / music: "I Give My Heart To No One But You" - uncredited / writer: "Camp Concert Dance" - uncredited
What the Papers Say 1956 TV Series writer: "English Dances for Orchestra, Set II: Allegro non troppo Op.33"
Break to Freedom 1953 arranger: "Home on the Range" - uncredited
Four Sided Triangle 1953 arranger: "Wedding March" - uncredited
It Started in Paradise 1952 music: "Young Love" - uncredited

Thanks

Thanks

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Making of 'The Bridge on the River Kwai' 2000 Video documentary special thanks

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The South Bank Show 2004 TV Series documentary Himself
Omnibus 1969-1991 TV Series documentary Himself
Best of Both Worlds: Concerto for Group and Orchestra 1970 TV Special documentary Himself - Conductor
The Ivor Novello Awards 1959 TV Special Himself - Conductor

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1958 Oscar Academy Awards, USA Best Music, Scoring The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957)

Nominated awards

Nominated awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1960 Golden Laurel Laurel Awards Top Score Suddenly, Last Summer (1959) · Buxton Orr
1959 Grammy Grammy Awards Best Soundtrack Album, Dramatic Picture Score or Original Cast The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957)


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