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King Tubby

Biography

Ruler Tubby would be to today synonymous with dub. He was a guy who got a interest for fiddling with sound tools, and converted that passion right into a brand-new musical genre along with a veritable talent. He may have got started his profession being a repairman, but before he was completed, his name was perhaps one of the most reputed all over the world. He caused virtually every designer in Jamaica, and his name on the remix was like precious metal, a seal of quality which was by no means questioned. Ruler Tubby was created under the even more humble name of Osbourne Ruddock in Kingston, Jamaica, on January 28, 1941. In the beginning, the closest he surely got to the music picture was via the airwaves, as Ruddock spent his teenagers working like a radio repairman. Within the middle-’50s, Jamaica was going through a trend that noticed the audiences re-locate from the dancehalls, which experienced once loaded them along with live music supplied by big rings, and onto the roads. There the audio systems ruled as touring outfits arranged themselves through to a sociable road or part and blasted information to crowds via a loudspeaker. Initially these were small, however the audio systems quickly grew in proportions and legend; your competition incredibly fierce and frequently violent. Speakers had been the most common victims of the rivalries (occasionally combined with the DJs, organizers, and also the target audience). Individuals weren’t the only real ones who have been damaged, which explains why in the past due ’50s the operator of the Waterhouse audio system contacted Ruddock for help. The repairman set that loudspeaker, after that another, and another, until he was offering medical for a number of sound systems around the town. A given birth to tinkerer, Ruddock undoubtedly began discovering methods to improve points aswell. He spent years focusing on other people’s audio systems, but by 1968, he was prepared to open up his own store: the famous Tubby’s CITY Hi there Fi. The sound he offered there is nigh on ideal, which meant Ruler Tubby himself was right now beginning to shop around for something not used to fiddle with. Maker Duke Reid provided the perfect answer via a work at his Treasure Isle studio room like a disk cutter. There, Ruler Tubby started deconstructing and reconstructing music just as he had audio systems, but these early attempts had been actually remixes, an currently aged skill in Jamaica. The remix started like a “edition” B-side, only an instrumental of the vocal monitor. Ruddy Redwood, a audio system MC and engineer at Treasure Isle, experienced taken another logical step of progress, physically remixing information within the rocksteady years to put the concentrate on the bass. Ruler Tubby took this idea to a complete brand-new level. He began stripping out not merely the vocals, but slicing up instrumental parts, falling them in and from the paths, adding brand-new effects and noises, while also utilizing phasing, shifts, and echoes. Several tests had been pressed onto acetate dubplates and spun at his audio system. These stripped-down paths had been integral towards the rise from the DJs, and Ruler Tubby not merely cut distinctive dubplates for his favorites, he also employed the best to execute at his audio system. U-Roy, I-Roy, and Big Youngsters had been are just some of the celebrities who produced their tag toasting at Tubby’s Hi there Fi. In 1971, Ruler Tubby was prepared to consider another revolution and opened up his own studio room. There, the tests continued because the remixer switched engineer moved in to the area of studio room effects. The studio room quickly became a popular for famous brands Augustus Pablo, Lee Perry, Prince Tony Robinson, and Glen Dark brown. It had been the latter guy who background acclaims because the first to really credit a Ruler Tubby combine on record. The aptly entitled “Tubby’s on the Control” was a remix of “Merry Up” by God Sons (an alias for Tommy McCook and Rad Bryan). Robinson implemented suit, launching “Tubby’s completely Swing,” on the tune acknowledged to Lloyd Robinson and Carey Johnson. Ruler Tubby started turning out remixes in prolific quantities. Bunny Lee held him busy using a constant blast of singles to remix along with a batch had been bundled up in 1974 because the seminal Dub In the Root base record, and more had been featured within the follow-up, Ruler Tubby Matches the Aggrovators at Dub Train station. Years later on, the English Klik label reissued the majority of Origins as Shalom Dub, buttressed with reward songs. Another U.K. label, Assault, in addition has released the Ruler Tubby-fueled Dub Jackpot, offering rarer remixes and dubs of Lee productions. Bloodstream & Fire’s If Deejay Was Your Trade: The Dreads at Ruler Tubby’s 1974-1977 also offers Tubby’s assumes Lee’s productions, this time around focusing specifically on DJs, as do the People from france label Tradition Press’ Bunny Lee, Ruler Tubby & the Aggrovators. Tubby also caused Vivian Jackson after conference in 1971 when Jackson handed him a tempo as well as the remixer visited work. The effect was the strike “Head to Zion,” acknowledged to Brother Joe & the Rightful Brothers, an alias for Jackson, the Congos’ Roydel Johnson, as well as the Gladiators’ Albert Griffiths. Jackson and Ruler Tubby’s follow-up, “Conquering Lion,” was another strike, and provided the designer/maker his nickname “Yabby You.” Yabby You released his debut recording, Conquering Lion, in 1975, and Tubby offered the dub friend, Ruler Tubby’s Prophecy of Dub, the next yr. Yabby You’s sophomore collection, 1977’s Wall structure of Jerusalem, boasted Tubby dubs across fifty percent the collection. Augustus Pablo, the famed melodica participant and maker, was also a customer, and Ruler Tubby remixed music for Pablo’s Rockers label, a lot of which made an appearance on the tracks’ B-sides. The set cemented their relationship using the seminal 1975 Ital Dub record, the outtakes in the sessions showing up 15 years afterwards as Un Rockers, a discharge from the British isles Pressure Drop label. Nevertheless, Ital Dub was only a warm-up for Ruler Tubbys Fits Rockers Uptown, an archive that set up both Ruler Tubby’s and Pablo’s undying reputations. Their follow-up, Rockers Match Ruler Tubby within a Firehouse, simply put into their glory. Over the early ’70s, the remixer’s tests got swiftly progressed into genuine dub, and his remixes had been no more a remix whatsoever, but a complete reinvention from the music. Another giant step of progress got happened in 1973 when Ruler Tubby purchased another four-track, which allowed him to record vocals. The brand new set up was inaugurated with Roy Shirley’s “Stepping Razor” that same yr. Ruler Tubby got his first strike the following yr with “Watergate Rock and roll,” a dub of Larry Marshall’s “I Admire You.” This undoubtedly resulted in Tubby dealing with Marshall’s whole I Admire You recording. It had been a busy yr as Bunny Lee also released these Dub Through the Origins set while Ruler Tubby also became a member of pushes with Lee Perry for Blackboard Jungle Dub. He following caused Niney “the Observer” Holness on 1975’s Dubbing Using the Observer, as well as the 1989 Trojan compilation Ruler Tubby’s Particular 1973-1976 resurrected that record, after that added shrewdly chosen Bunny Lee productions for the monster 30-monitor established. After Tubby’s use Holness, manufacturer Harry Mudie provided him with materials that couldn’t quite contend, but Harry Mudie Fits Ruler Tubby in Dub Meeting, Vol. 1 was still sublime as well as the pair’s relationship continuing across another two amounts of music. Ruler Tubby was also pleased to offer mixes for Glen Dark brown, the person who first provided him his credited. Trojan’s Dubble Assault: THE INITIAL Pantomime Dee-Jay Collection 1972-74 features the island’s biggest DJs, overseen by Dark brown, after that reconstructed by Tubby. Bloodstream & Fire specializes in Brown’s even more roots-conscious work with the similarly masterful Termination Dub. Another customer was Glen Darby, whose productions documented at Route One by Jo Jo Hookim and Philip Wise had been eventually put together across Guava Jelly’s two-CD arranged The Audio of Route One: Ruler Tubby Connection, which pairs the initial vocal paths making use of their dub companions. By the finish from the ’70s, nevertheless, Ruler Tubby got converted his focus on teaching and schooling a new era of technicians and suppliers, including Prince Jammy (who only consider the crown once his coach died, becoming at that time Ruler Jammy), the similarly innovative Scientist, and Prince Philip Wise, among others. Ruler Tubby continuing creating fresh mixes, but no more at the prior rate. In the brand new 10 years, he and Jah Screw required on Rating Joe as well as the Origins Radics for the wonderful Dangerous Dub. It had been to be among the last full-length remixes Tubby would perform. That same 12 months, First, Second and Third Generations of Dub brought collectively the instructor, alumnus Prince Jammy, as well as the youthful graduate, Scientist, for an recording that aptly illustrated the advancement of most three.Scientist and Ruler Tubby united for just two more albums released in 1996 with the U.K. label Burning up Sounds, Ruler Tubby’s Fits Scientist in an environment of Dub and Ruler Tubby’s Fits Scientist at Dub Place. Even as Ruler Tubby’s output lowered, he still continued to be a fundamental element of the music picture. He improved his studio room again and in addition launched his very own record brands — Firehouse, Waterhouse, Kingston II, and Taurus. With the middle-’80s, Ruler Tubby got shifted into creation, and released a blast of seminal singles by famous brands Glucose Minott and Anthony Crimson Rose. He sometimes released albums and reunited with Bunny Lee for 1983’s Ruler Tubby the Dubmaster Using the Waterhouse Posse and Sly & Robbie Meet up with Ruler Tubby in 1985. Both units disappointed, maybe because Tubby experienced taken dub so far as it could proceed. His best function was right now in the creation field, dealing with youthful DJs and veteran vocalists. Pliers (of Chaka Demus popularity), Ninjaman, Gregory Isaacs, and Johnny Clarke had been are just some of the skill who slice singles for him. Ruler Tubbys Presents Soundclash Dubplate Style found its way to 1989, bundling up dubs of his dancehall strikes. As the 10 years drew to some close, Ruler Tubby appeared destined to keep stamping his imprint on Jamaica’s picture, still popular, and still a robust musical force. After that, on Feb 6, 1989, his profession came to an abrupt end when he was shot and wiped out outside his house in Waterhouse. His murder continues to be unsolved, his loss of life believed to are actually the consequence of a road robbery. Within the years since, Ruler Tubby’s renown provides only harvested. As time provides passed, a lot more materials has emerged and albums that noticed only limited discharge are now quickly available.

Quick Facts


Full Name King Tubby
Died February 6, 1989, Kingston, Jamaica
Profession Audio engineer
Music Songs Roots of Dub, Dub From the Roots, Flag Dub, Declaration of Dub, A Rougher Version, Zion Gate Dub, Rude Boy Dub, Dub Conference, Jah Jah Dub, King Tubby's Special, The Immortal Dub, African Roots, Real Gone Crazy Dub, I Trim the Barber, Natty Dub, Youth Man, Iyahta, I'm Gone Dub, Each One Dub, Frozen Dub, Soundboy Massacre, Whispering Dub, Zion Dub, Heavy Heavy Load, Eastwood Dub, Dub of Rights, Confinement Dub, Music Field Dub, Cool Down Version, Echo Chamber, Freedom Dub, St Catherine Dub
Albums Two Big Bull In A One Pen Dubwise, King Tubbys Meets Rockers Uptown, The Legendary Skatalites in Dub, Shalom Dub, Bring the Dub Come, Surrounded by the Dreads at the National Arena, Dub From the Roots, In a Tenement Yard, King of Dub, Rocker's Almighty Dub, His Majesty's Dub, Dubbing in the Back Yard, Presents The Roots Of Dub, In a Dub Explosion, Dance Hall Style Dub, The Fatman Tapes, Mash It from the Top, African Brothers Meet King Tubby in Dub, Dub Fi Yard, From the Palace of Dub: Essential Smokin' Dub Classics, In A Revival Dub, Bunny Lee & King Tubby Present Tommy Mccook and the Aggravators Brass Rockers, A Declaration of Dub, Declaration of Dub, The Originator, King Tubby's Special, Jackpot Presents Tribute To Studio 1 In Dub, Augustus Pablo Meets King Tubby at the Control, Next Level Dub, Tub-A-Dub, King Tubby Playlist, King Tubby V I Roy, Harry Mudie Meet King Tubby's in Dub Conference, Volume 1


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#Fact
1 Musician; played the plastic melodica.


Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Knocked Up 2007 performer: "Keep on Dubbing" / writer: "Keep on Dubbing" - as Horace M. Swaby
After the Sunset 2004 writer: "Night and Day"
Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas 2004 Video Game performer: "King Tubby Meets Rockers Uptown"
Miami Vice 1984 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Choose Me 1984 performer: "King Tubby Meets the Rockers Uptown" / producer: "King Tubby Meets the Rockers Uptown" / writer: "King Tubby Meets the Rockers Uptown" - as H. Swaby
D.O.A. 1980 Documentary performer: "A. P. Special" / writer: "A. P. Special"

Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Dark Summer 1994

Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Dark Summer 1994 musician: keyboards and melodica

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
D.O.A. 1980 Documentary Himself

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