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Josef Matthias Hauer

Josef Matthias Hauer was the unusual man out so far as Viennese serialism was concerned; operating individually of Arnold Schoenberg, by 1919 Hauer created something of twelve-tone business similar to Schoenberg’s for the reason that no notice was heard double until the additional 11 had been sounded. Hauer’s approach to applying the strategy to musical structure, however, was very different from Schoenberg’s, and his function was never extremely seriously regarded as during his life time or even soon after. Toward the finish from the twentieth hundred years, Hauer’s music begun to come in concert and on recordings, which includes resulted in a reappraisal of its worth. Delivered in Wiener Neustedt, Hauer got a simple teaching certificate in 1902 and trained in elementary institutions until 1919. He was self-taught in music and orchestration and begun to compose in 1912. By enough time of his initial twelve-tone structure, Nomos for piano, Op. 19 (1919), Hauer got already composed a good quantity of vocal, orchestral, and chamber music in today’s design that was cutting-edge because of its period. His initial treatise on twelve-tone structure, Vom Wesen der Musikalischen, made an appearance in 1920, 3 years before the initial publication of Schoenberg’s technique. Rather than tight serial firm of pitches, that was what Schoenberg preferred, Hauer arranged each 12-take note series into two hexachords, after that subdivided into tropes to create twelve-tone music within a non-strict style. Schoenberg got some knowing of Hauer, as well as programmed among Hauer’s functions at a Culture of Personal Musical Shows concert in 1919, but refused to acknowledge Hauer’s breakthrough of twelve-tone structure as having been “initial,” very much to Hauer’s great disappointment. However, Hauer’s music was noticed at ISCM concerts in the 1920s — the Seventh Orchestral Collection (1926) was especially well received — and he was granted a Vienna Condition Reward in 1930. Using the rise of Nazism, Schoenberg fled European countries, putting a finish towards the ISCM. By 1938, Hauer’s music was prohibited as “degenerate” from the Nazis, and from that point Hauer kept a minimal profile while staying in Vienna. In 1940, Hauer himself forgotten formal structures apart from those defined as “Zwolftonspiele,” abstract, single-movement items written for a multitude of instrumentation making use of his standard formula for twelve-tone structure. It is stated that Hauer published a lot more than 1,000 compositions of the kind between 1940 and his loss of life in 1959; if therefore, not all have already been accounted for. Hauer is generally cited among the versions for the business lead personality in novelist Thomas Mann’s publication Doctor Faustus, as well as for the type Joculator Basiliensis in Hermann Hesse’s The Cup Bead Game, evaluations Hauer was alert to, and detested. Later in life, young music artists in Vienna begun to respect Hauer as sort of a historical mystic, an evaluation he liked relatively better — Hauer’s methods had more in keeping with statistics like Stockhausen thanSchoenberg. While his compositions have become similar to some other after a particular stage in his advancement, their basic audio remains clean. Hauer’s gentle, captivating, and domestic method of atonality as some sort of off-kilter Gebrauchtsmusik is among the most interesting and overlooked sidelights of twentieth hundred years music.

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