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John Dowland

Melancholy was extremely popular in Elizabethan Britain, and John Dowland was the most stylish author of his period. “Semper Dowland, semper dolens” was his motto, and far of his music is definitely exquisitely dolorous. Although he was a talented vocalist, Dowland mainly adopted a dual profession like a composer and lutenist. He was the period’s most renowned and significant author of lute solos, and specifically ayres (also known as lute tunes), and a gifted author of consort music. There is nothing known of Dowland’s youngsters; even his day and host to delivery are uncertain. It really is obvious, though, that in 1580 he visited Paris in the support from the ambassador towards the French courtroom. Dowland changed into Catholicism during this time period, and later on claimed that excluded him from work in the Protestant courtroom of Elizabeth I in 1594 (in fact, the courtroom was trimming costs and remaining the positioning unfilled for five years). In 1598, Dowland became lutenist to Christian IV of Denmark, but he was dismissed for unsatisfactory carry out in 1606. Between 1609 and 1612 he joined the support of Theophilus, Lord Howard de Walden, and lastly in 1612, he was appointed among the “music artists for the lutes” to Wayne I of Britain. Dowland were able to respect custom while absorbing the styles he encountered around the Continent. Dominating Dowland’s result is an application known as the lute track or ayre. It had been peculiar to British music, and was systematized relatively from the 1597 publication of Dowland’s First Booke of Songes or Ayres. These early tunes are basic strophic settings, frequently in dance forms, with an nearly complete lack of chromaticism. Continental affects come towards the fore in such later on tracks such as darkness i want to dwell (1610) and Lasso vita mia (1612), filled with declamation, chromaticism, and dissonance. Dowland also had written a significant quantity of instrumental music, a lot of it for single lute plus some for consort. There are a few ninety functions for single lute; most are dances, frequently with extremely embellished variations. Also right here the Continental impact displays; such chromatic fantasies as Forlorne Wish fancye and Farewell are more intense compared to the lute music of every other British (or, for example, Continental) author of enough time. Among the consort functions, Dowland’s Lachrimae, or Seaven Teares Thought in Seaven Passionate Pavans (1604), became perhaps one of the most celebrated compositions from the past due Renaissance.

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