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John Coltrane

Biography

Despite a comparatively brief profession (he first found notice like a sideman at age 29 in 1955, formally launched a single profession at 33 in 1960, and was deceased at 40 in 1967), saxophonist John Coltrane was being among the most important, & most controversial, numbers in jazz. It appears amazing that his amount of best activity was therefore short, not merely because he documented prolifically, but additionally because, benefiting from his popularity, the record businesses that documented him like a sideman in the 1950s regularly reissued those recordings under his name and there’s been an abundance of posthumously released materials aswell. Since Coltrane was a protean participant who transformed his design radically during the period of his profession, this has designed for very much dilemma in his discography and in appreciations of his playing. There continues to be a crucial divide between your adherents of his previously, more typical (if still extremely imaginative) function and his afterwards, more experimental function. No one, nevertheless, questions Coltrane’s nearly religious dedication to jazz or uncertainties his significance in the annals from the music. Coltrane was the kid of John R. Coltrane, a tailor and amateur musician, and Alice (Blair) Coltrane. 8 weeks after his delivery, his maternal grandfather, the Reverend William Blair, was marketed to presiding elder within the A.M.E. Zion Cathedral and transferred his family members, including his baby grandson, to Great Stage, NC, where Coltrane was raised. Soon after he graduated from sentence structure college in 1939, his dad, his grandparents, and his uncle passed away, leaving him to become raised in a family group comprising his mom, his aunt, and his cousin. His mom worked like a domestic to aid the family. Exactly the same 12 months, he became a member of a community music group where he performed clarinet and E smooth alto horn; he used the alto saxophone in his senior high school music group. During World Battle II, his mom, aunt, and cousin relocated north to NJ to seek function, departing him with family members close friends; in 1943, when he graduated from senior high school, he as well going north, settling in Philadelphia. Ultimately, the family members was reunited there. While acquiring careers outside music, Coltrane briefly went to the Ornstein College of Music and examined at Granoff Studios. He also started playing in regional night clubs. In 1945, he was drafted in to the navy and stationed in Hawaii. He hardly ever saw fight, but he continuing to try out music and, actually, produced his first documenting using a quartet of various other sailors on July 13, 1946. A functionality of Tadd Dameron’s “Scorching House,” it had been released in 1993 in the Rhino Information anthology THE FINAL Large. Coltrane was discharged in the summertime of 1946 and came back to Philadelphia. That fall, he started playing within the Joe Webb Music group. In early 1947, he turned to the Ruler Kolax Music group. During the calendar year, he turned from alto to tenor saxophone. One accounts claims that was because the consequence of encountering alto saxophonist Charlie Parker and sense the better-known musician experienced exhausted the options within the device; another says the switch occurred due to the fact Coltrane next became a member of a music group led by Eddie “Cleanhead” Vinson, who was simply an alto participant, forcing Coltrane to try out tenor. He shifted to Jimmy Heath’s music group in middle-1948, sticking to the music group, which evolved in to the Howard McGhee All Celebrities until early 1949, when he came back to Philadelphia. That fall, he became a member of a huge music group led by Dizzy Gillespie, staying until the springtime of 1951, where time the music group have been trimmed to some septet. On March 1, 1951, he had taken his first single on record throughout a functionality of “We Want to Boogie” with Gillespie. Sooner or later during this time period, Coltrane became a heroin addict, which produced him more challenging to hire. He used various bands, mainly around Philadelphia, through the early ’50s, his following important job to arrive the springtime of 1954, when Johnny Hodges, briefly from the Duke Ellington music group, employed him. But he was terminated due to his craving in Sept 1954. He came back to Philadelphia, where he was playing, when he was employed by Kilometers Davis a yr later on. His association with Davis was the big break that finally founded him as a significant jazz musician. Davis, a previous medication addict himself, got kicked his habit and obtained recognition in the Newport Jazz Event in July 1955, producing a agreement with Columbia Information and the chance to arrange a permanent music group, which, furthermore to him and Coltrane, contains pianist Crimson Garland, bassist Paul Chambers, and drummer “Philly” Joe Jones. This device immediately begun to record thoroughly, not only due to the Columbia agreement, but additionally because Davis acquired agreed upon using the main label before satisfying a cope with jazz unbiased Prestige Information that still acquired five albums to perform. The trumpeter’s Columbia debut, ‘Circular About Midnight, which he instantly commenced recording, didn’t show up until March 1957. The very first fruits of his association with Coltrane emerged in Apr 1956 using the discharge of THE BRAND NEW Mls Davis Quintet (aka Mls), documented for Prestige on November 16, 1955. During 1956, furthermore to his recordings for Columbia, Davis kept two marathon classes for Prestige to satisfy his obligation towards the label, which released the materials over a period under the game titles Cookin’ (1957), Relaxin’ (1957), Workin’ (1958), and Steamin’ (1961). Coltrane’s association with Davis inaugurated an interval when he started to regularly record being a sideman. Davis might have been attempting to get rid of his association Prestige, but Coltrane started appearing on lots of the label’s periods. After he became better known in the 1960s, Prestige as well as other labels begun to repackage this function under his name, as though he previously been the first choice, a process which has continued for this time. (Prestige was obtained by Fantasy Information in 1972, and several from the recordings where Coltrane participated have already been reissued on Fantasy’s First Jazz Classics [OJC] imprint.) Coltrane attempted and didn’t kick heroin in the summertime of 1956, and in Oct, Davis terminated him, although trumpeter got relented and used him back again by the finish of November. Early in 1957, Coltrane officially authorized with Prestige like a single designer, though he continued to be within the Davis music group and also continuing to record like a sideman for additional labels. In Apr, Davis terminated him again. This might have provided him the impetus finally to kick his medication habit, and freed of the need of playing gigs with Davis, he started to record a lot more regularly. ON, MAY 31, 1957, he finally produced his documenting debut like a innovator, piecing together a pickup music group comprising trumpeter Johnny Splawn, baritone saxophonist Sahib Shihab, pianists Mal Waldron and Crimson Garland (on different paths), bassist Paul Chambers, and drummer Al “Tootie” Heath. They lower an record Prestige titled basically Coltrane upon discharge in Sept 1957. (They have since been reissued beneath the name First Trane.) In June 1957, Coltrane became a member of the Thelonious Monk Quartet, comprising Monk on piano, Wilbur Ware on bass, and Darkness Wilson on drums. During this time period, he developed a method of playing many notes simultaneously, and his solos begun to go on much longer. In August, he documented materials belatedly released in the Prestige albums Lush Lifestyle (1960) as well as the Last Trane (1965), along with the materials for John Coltrane using the Crimson Garland Trio, released later on in the entire year. (It had been later reissued beneath the name Traneing In.) But Coltrane’s second recording to be documented and released contemporaneously under his name only was slice in Sept for Blue Notice Information. This is Blue Train, offering trumpeter Lee Morgan, trombonist Curtis Fuller, pianist Kenny Drew, as well as the Kilometers Davis rhythm portion of Chambers and “Philly” Joe Jones; it had been released in Dec 1957. That month, Coltrane rejoined Davis, playing in that which was right now a sextet that also presented Cannonball Adderley. In January 1958, he led a documenting program for Prestige that created monitors afterwards released on Lush Lifestyle, THE FINAL Trane, as well as the Believer (1964). In Feb and March, he documented Davis’ record Milestones, released afterwards in 1958. Among the periods, he trim his third record to become released under his name by itself, Soultrane, released in Sept by Prestige. Also in March 1958, he trim monitors being a head that might be released down the road the Prestige collection Settin’ the Speed (1961). IN-MAY, he again documented for Prestige like a innovator, though the outcomes would not become heard before launch of Dark Pearls in 1964. Coltrane made an appearance within the Kilometers Davis group in the Newport Jazz Celebration in July 1958. The band’s established was documented and released in 1964 with an LP also having a functionality by Thelonious Monk as Mls & Monk at Newport. In 1988, Columbia reissued the materials on an record called Mls & Coltrane. The functionality inspired an assessment in Down Defeat, the best jazz newspaper, that was an early on indication from the differing views on Coltrane that might be expressed through the entire rest of his profession and lengthy after his loss of life. The review described his “furious tenor,” which, it stated, hampered the solidarity from the Davis music group. The examine led right to an article released in the journal on Oct 16, 1958, where critic Ira Gitler defended the saxophonist and coined the much-repeated term “bedding of sound” to spell it out his playing. Coltrane’s following Prestige program like a head occurred afterwards in July 1958 and led to monitors later released over the albums Regular Coltrane (1962), Stardust (1963), and Bahia (1965). Many of these monitors were later put together on the reissue known as The Stardust Program. He did your final program for Prestige in Dec 1958, recording monitors later released over the Believer, Stardust, and Bahia. This finished his commitment towards the label, and he authorized to Atlantic Information, doing his 1st documenting for his fresh companies on January 15, 1959, having a program which he was co-billed with vibes participant Milt Jackson, though it didn’t show up until 1961 using the LP Luggage and Trane. In March and Apr 1959, Coltrane participated using the Davis group over the record Sort of Blue. Released on August 17, 1959, this landmark record known because of its “modal” playing (improvisations predicated on scales or “settings,” instead of chords) became among the best-selling and most-acclaimed recordings in the annals of jazz. By the finish of 1959, Coltrane got recorded what will be his Atlantic Information debut, Giant Measures, released in early 1960. The record, consisting completely of Coltrane compositions, in a way marked his actual debut as a respected jazz performer, despite the fact that the 33-year-old musician experienced released three earlier single albums and produced numerous additional recordings. His following Atlantic recording, Coltrane Jazz, was mainly documented in November and Dec 1959 and released in Feb 1961. In Apr 1960, he finally still left the Davis music group and formally released his single profession, starting an engagement on the Jazz Gallery in NY, associated with pianist Steve Kuhn (shortly changed by McCoy Tyner), bassist Steve Davis, and drummer Pete La Roca (afterwards changed by Billy Higgins and Elvin Jones). During this time period, he increasingly performed soprano saxophone in addition to tenor. In Oct 1960, Coltrane documented some classes for Atlantic that could produce materials for a number of albums, including your final track applied to Coltrane Jazz and music used on THE BEST Points (March 1961), Coltrane Has the Blues (July 1962), and Coltrane’s Audio (June 1964). His soprano edition of “THE BEST Things,” through the Richard Rodgers/Oscar Hammerstein II musical The Sound of Music, would turn into a personal tune for him. Through the wintertime of 1960-1961, bassist Reggie Workman changed Steve Davis in his music group and saxophone and flute participant Eric Dolphy, steadily joined up with the group. Within the wake from the industrial achievement of “THE BEST Points,” Coltrane’s celebrity increased, and he was authorized from Atlantic because the flagship designer from the recently formed Impulse! Information label, an imprint of ABC-Paramount, though in-may he cut your final record for Atlantic, Olé (Feb 1962). The next month, he finished his Impulse! debut, Africa/Brass. By this time around, his playing was regularly in a method alternately dubbed “avant-garde,” “free of charge,” or “THE BRAND NEW Thing.” Like Ornette Coleman, he performed seemingly formless, prolonged solos that some listeners discovered tremendously impressive, among others decried as sound. In November 1961, John Tynan, composing in Down Defeat, described Coltrane’s playing as “anti-jazz.” That month, nevertheless, Coltrane recorded one of is own most celebrated albums, Live on the Community Vanguard, an LP paced with the 16-minute improvisation “Chasin’ the Trane.” Between Apr and June 1962, Coltrane cut his following Impulse! studio record, another discharge called merely Coltrane when it made an appearance later in the entire year. Working with manufacturer Bob Thiele, he begun to perform extensive studio classes, a lot more than Impulse! could profitably launch at that time, specifically with Prestige and Atlantic still placing out their very own archival albums. However the materials would provide the label well following the saxophonist’s untimely loss of life. Thiele recognized that Coltrane’s following three Impulse! albums to become released, Ballads, Duke Ellington and John Coltrane, and John Coltrane with Johnny Hartman (all 1963), had been documented at his behest to noiseless the critics of Coltrane’s even more severe playing. Impressions (1963), attracted from live and studio room recordings manufactured in 1962 and 1963, was a far more representative work, as was 1964’s Live at Birdland, also a combined mix of live and studio room monitors, despite its name. But Crescent, also released in 1964, appeared to look for a middle floor between traditional and free of charge playing, and was welcomed by critics. This tendency was continuing with 1965’s A Like Supreme, among Coltrane’s best-loved albums, which gained him two Grammy nominations, for Jazz Structure and Overall performance, and became his biggest-selling record. Also through the yr, Impulse! released the requirements collection The John Coltrane Quartet Takes on… and another record of “free of charge” playing, Ascension, in addition to New Matter at Newport, a live recording comprising one part by Coltrane as well as the additional by Archie Shepp. The entire year 1966 saw the discharge from the albums Kulu Se Mama and Meditations, Coltrane’s last recordings to seem during his life time, though he previously finished and authorized discharge for his following record, Expression, the Fri before his loss of life in July 1967. He passed away suddenly of liver organ cancer, entering a healthcare facility on a Weekend and expiring in the first early morning of the very next day. He previously left behind a significant body of unreleased function that arrived in following years, including “Live” on the Community Vanguard Once again! (1967), Om (1967), Cosmic Music (1968), Selflessness (1969), Changeover (1969), Sun Dispatch (1971), Africa/Brass, Vol. 2 (1974), Interstellar Space (1974), and First Meditations (For Quartet) (1977), all on Impulse! Compilations and produces of archival live recordings brought him some Grammy nominations, including Greatest Jazz Efficiency for the Atlantic record The Coltrane Legacy in 1970; Greatest Jazz Efficiency, Group, and Greatest Jazz Efficiency, Soloist, for “Large Steps” through the Atlantic record Alternate Consumes 1974; and Greatest Jazz Overall performance, Group, and Greatest Jazz Overall performance, Soloist, for Afro Blue Impressions in 1977. He received the 1981 Grammy for Greatest Jazz Overall performance, Soloist, for Bye Bye Blackbird, an recording of recordings produced live in European countries in 1962, and he was presented with the Grammy Life time Achievement Honor in 1992, 25 years after his loss of life. John Coltrane may also be described as among jazz’s most important music artists, and certainly you can find various other performers whose playing can be seriously indebted to him. Probably moreover, Coltrane is important by example, motivating musicians to test, take possibilities, and spend themselves with their build. The controversy about his function has never passed away down, but partly because of this, his name lives on and his recordings continue steadily to remain available also to be reissued regularly.

Quick Facts


Full Name John Coltrane
Date Of Birth September 23, 1926
Died July 17, 1967, Huntington, New York, United States
Height 1.73 m
Profession Saxophonist, Composer, Songwriter, Bandleader
Education Granoff School of Music, William Penn High School
Nationality American
Spouse Alice Coltrane, Juanita Naima Grubbs
Children Ravi Coltrane, Oran Coltrane, John Coltrane Jr.
Parents John Robert Coltrane, Alice Blair Coltrane
Awards Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, Grammy Hall of Fame, Grammy Award for Best Improvised Jazz Solo, Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards, Porin Award for Best Foreign Jazz Music Album
Music Songs Giant Steps: Naima, In a Sentimental Mood, Equinox, Moment's Notice, Mr. P.C., My One and Only Love, 26-2, Afro Blue, Lazy Bird, My Favorite Things, Part 1, All Blues, Dear Lord, Cousin Mary, I'm Old Fashioned, My Little Brown Book, I Want to Talk About You, You Are Too Beautiful, Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye, Autumn Serenade, Syeeda's Song Flute, Lush Life, Lonnie's Lament, Chasin' the Trane, Wise One, Spiritual, Big Nick, Soul Eyes, Softly as in a Morning Sunrise, They Say It's Wonderful, Theme for Ernie, But Not for Me, A Love Supreme, Part 1: Acknowledgement
Albums Live at the Village Vanguard Again!, A Love Supreme, Giant Steps, My Favorite Things, Blue Train, Ascension, Impressions, Lush Life, Interstellar Space, Soultrane, Meditations, Coltrane's Sound, Duke Ellington & John Coltrane, Coltrane Jazz, Cosmic Music, John Coltrane and Johnny Hartman, Coltrane Plays the Blues, Olé Coltrane, The John Coltrane Quartet Plays, Coltrane Live at Birdland, Coltrane "Live" at the Village Vanguard, Om, First Meditations (for quartet), Live in Seattle, Expression, Stellar Regions, Settin' the Pace, Coltrane, Live in Stockholm 1963, Standard Coltrane, Newport '63, John Coltrane with the Red Garland Trio, The Last Trane, The Believer, Transition, Live at the Half Note: One Down, One Up, The Paris Concert, Kulu Sé Mama, Live Trane: The European Tours, Bahia, The Avant-Garde, Kenny Burrell & John Coltrane, Two Tenors, Dakar, Like Sonny, Bags & Trane, Offering: Live at Temple University, Stardust, The Cats, Concert in Japan, Live at Birdland 1962
Movies Histoire(s) du cinéma, Thelonious Monk: Straight, No Chaser, The Cat in the Bag, Jazz Icons: John Coltrane: Live in '60, '61 & '65
TV Shows Jazz Casual


  • Facts
  • Filmography
  • Awards
  • Salaries
  • Quotes
  • Trademarks
  • Pictures

#Fact
1 Regarded as the father figure of avant-garde jazz.
2 Uncle of Flying Lotus.
3 Father of saxophonist Ravi Coltrane.
4 Inducted into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1980.
5 Legendary jazz musician. Established himself by playing with jazz trumpet virtuoso Miles Davis, with whom he played from 1955-1959. Played tenor sax on Miles Davis' 1959 jazz landmark recording, "A Kind Of Blue". Has a son, Ravi Coltrane, born in 1965, who is also a jazz musician.


Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
How to Let Go of the World and Love All the Things Climate Can't Change 2016 Documentary performer: "Angelica"
Gotham 2015 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Bosch 2015 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Diana 2013 performer: "Naima" / writer: "Naima"
Ida 2013 writer: "Naima", "Equinox"
Bi no tsubo TV Series performer - 3 episodes, 2013 writer - 1 episode, 2013
Gent de paraula 2013 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Switched at Birth 2013 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Parenthood TV Series performer - 1 episode, 2013 writer - 1 episode, 2013
Magic City 2012 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Fringe TV Series performer - 3 episodes, 2009 - 2012 writer - 2 episodes, 2009 - 2012
Shame 2011 performer: "My Favourite Things"
Magic Trip: Ken Kesey's Search for a Kool Place 2011 Documentary performer: "In A Sentimental Mood"
Transmissions 2009 performer: "Blue Train" / writer: "Blue Train"
Breaking Bad 2009 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Grand Theft Auto IV 2008 Video Game performer: "Giant Steps" / writer: "Giant Steps" - as J. Coltrane
August 2008 performer: "Eclypso"
Dexter 2007 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Brando 2007 TV Movie documentary performer: "Airegin"
Zodiac 2007 performer: "Mary's Blues"
King of California 2007 performer: "In A Sentimental Mood inst"
Hollywoodland 2006 performer: "Theme for Ernie"
Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip 2006 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Prime 2005 performer: "IN A SENTIMENTAL MOOD"
Capote 2005 performer: "Easy to Remember" 1935
Beauty Shop 2005 writer: "Giant Steps" 1953
Independent Lens 2004 TV Series documentary performer - 1 episode
Enduring Love 2004 performer: "Naima" / writer: "Naima"
The Sopranos 2004 TV Series performer - 1 episode
American Splendor 2003 performer: "My Favorite Things" 1959
Skeppsholmen 2002 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Gilmore Girls 2002 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Comedian 2002 Documentary performer: "My Favorite Things"
Crossing Jordan 2002 TV Series performer - 3 episodes
Vanilla Sky 2001 performer: "My Favorite Things" 1959
The Corruptor 1999 performer: "My One and Only Love" - as Johnny Coltrane
L'assedio 1998 performer: "My Favourite Things"
Breaking Up 1997 performer: "THEY SAY IT'S WONDERFUL"
Valkanizater 1997 performer: "Say It"
Love Jones 1997 performer: "In a Sentimental Mood"
Kids 1995 performer: "Traneing In" / writer: "Traneing In"
Terra Estrangeira 1995 performer: "Fran Dance"
Bottle Rocket 1994 Short performer: "Stevie"
A Bronx Tale 1993 performer: "Say It Over and Over Again"
Malcolm X 1992 performer: "Alabama" / writer: "Alabama"
Singles 1992 performer: "Blue Train" / writer: "Blue Train"
The Fisher King 1991 performer: "I Wish I Knew"
A Matter of Degrees 1990 performer: "Little Melonae"
Scandal 1989 music: "Blue Train" - uncredited
Thelonious Monk: Straight, No Chaser 1988 Documentary performer: "Trinkle Tinkle", "Monk's Mood"
Broken Noses 1987 Documentary "Dedicated to You"
Barfly 1987 performer: "Theme for Ernie"
The Boss' Wife 1986 "Equinox"
Calamari Union 1985 "Strictly Instrumental" / arranger: "Strictly Instrumental" / performer: "Strictly Instrumental" / writer: "Strictly Instrumental"
Kerouac, the Movie 1985 Documentary performer: "Velvet Scene", "Cattin'"
Stormy 1980 performer: "Equinox" - uncredited / writer: "Equinox" - uncredited
The Blonde 1980 performer: "My Favorite Things" - uncredited
The First Time, I Ever... 1975 performer: "Olé" - uncredited / writer: "Olé" - uncredited

Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Le banquet 2008 music
Man Outside 1965 music
Cat in the Sack 1964 music

Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Jazz Icons: John Coltrane Live in '60, '61 & '65 2007 Video

Thanks

Thanks

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Asia Noir V: A Lust Supreme 2006 Video apologies to

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
De laatste sessie 1991 Documentary Himself
Thelonious Monk: Straight, No Chaser 1988 Documentary Himself
Different Drummer: Elvin Jones 1979 Documentary short Himself
Jazz Casual 1963 TV Series Himself
The Robert Herridge Theater 1960 TV Series Himself
The Sound of Miles Davis 1959 TV Movie Himself
Tonight! 1955 TV Series Himself - Tenor Sax

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
La musica più comica del mondo 2009 TV Movie documentary Himself
My Name Is Albert Ayler 2006 Documentary Himself
Tom Dowd & the Language of Music 2003 Documentary Himself
Freestyle: The Art of Rhyme 2000 Documentary Himself
Blue Note - A Story of Modern Jazz 1997 TV Movie documentary Himself
Masters of American Music 1995 TV Mini-Series Himself
The Atlantic Records Story 1994 TV Special Himself

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#Quote
1 [on his approach to performance] I start from one point and go as far as possible. But, unfortunately, I never lose my way. I 'localize', which is to say that I think always in a given space.I rarely think of the whole of a solo, and only very briefly. I always return to the small part of the solo that I was in the process of playing. The harmonies have become for me a kind of obsession.

#Trademark
1 Intense gaze


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