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Johannes Ciconia

Johannes Ciconia was perhaps one of the most important Franco-Flemish composers from the pre-Renaissance period. His result encompassed both secular and sacred realms and included, in the previous, madrigals, ballata, virelai, and a Latin cannon; and in the last mentioned, mass actions (just Glorias and Credos, nevertheless), motets, and Latin tracks. His style blended Italian, particularly Pavian, features with those of the French so-called ars subtilior. It really is believed a substantial part of his result was lost. A number of the making it through compositions, just like the ballata Amor per ti sempre, might have been misattributed to him. Ciconia was created in Liège, but information regarding the early many years of his existence are complicated and fraught with conjecture, a lot such that it is usually often hard to sift out the speculation from the reality. One factor adding to the muddle is usually that there have been several prominent men getting the name of Johannes Ciconia with origins in Liège and living round the turn from the fifteenth hundred years. Moreover, there is certainly some speculation that this composer’s given day of delivery, “ca. 1370,” is usually wrong by a complete era; Ciconia conceivably might have been given birth to as soon as 1335. The reason behind the wide space in both dates is usually that he might be confused along with his dad using biographical sources. Simply who his dad was can be a matter of controversy, since, relating to a 1391 notice by Pope Boniface IX, a particular priest sired one Johannes Ciconia, who’s therefore known as illegitimate and therefore putting him in Rome in the 1390s, which suits a likely situation, as will be observed. There’s a record confirming that Ciconia offered like a choir young man in 1385 in the Liège Chapel, St. Jean l’Évangéliste, in which a particular Johan de Chywongne was cannon. This cannon, another record suggests, was almost certainly the composer’s dad and the entire year 1370 the much more likely period of Ciconia’s delivery. This last summary is usually backed most convincingly by the actual fact that of Ciconia’s making it through result could be dated to around and after 1390. Ciconia himself was a cleric, though it really is unclear whether he in fact was a priest. The point is, he appears to have offered Cardinal d’Alençon in Rome in the 1390s as clericus capelle, a significant post generally occupied by youthful musicians. It really is almost sure that Ciconia proceeded to go into the assistance of Giangaleazzo Visconti at his Courtroom in Pavia in the past due 1390s, which would describe the composer’s usage of stylistic attributes generally connected with Pavian music of that time period. In 1401, Ciconia recognized a chaplaincy on the cathedral in Padua and a benefice at St. Biagio di Roncalea Cathedral, also in Padua. It would appear that only a small number of Ciconia’s functions date towards the 1390s, with the others arriving during his Paduan period. In the years pursuing his appointment on the cathedral, Ciconia was granted further benefices at close by churches. He had written plenty of of his functions for wealthy customers, just like the politically effective Carrara family members and Francesco Zabarella, an excellent friend and coach. It is hence quite probable the fact that composer resided in very comfy situations in his last 10 years, perhaps even using a measure of prosperity. Ciconia maintained his post using the cathedral until his loss of life in June or July 1412.

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