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Johann Philipp Krieger

Johann Philipp Krieger was perhaps one of the most excellent composers of his period, the author of the huge amount of sacred music. Chances are that the only real reason behind his insufficient fame may be the fact a huge proportion of it’s been dropped. Confusingly, he was the elder sibling of Johann Krieger (1651 – 1735), also a composer. Their family members had been within Nuremberg because the fifteenth hundred years, at the very least, and the family members trade was rug producing with an associate from the Krieger family members still making mats in Nuremberg as past due as 1925. Relating to his first biographies, J.P. Krieger started his clavier research with Johann Dreschel at age eight and received teaching in other tools with Gabriel Schütz. By age nine, he was amazing viewers numerous musical abilities, including his key pad playing, his very own well-crafted compositions, and his capability to sing or play any melody that was sung to him. In his mid-teens, he journeyed to Copenhagen to be the pupil of Johannes Schröder, the royal Danish courtroom organist, and research structure with Kaspar Förster. He previously a job give to visit Christiana (the near future Oslo, Norway), but chosen to return house, arriving back Nuremberg around 1670. There is certainly some inconsistency in the record concerning this period. Both of his principal biographers state he proved helpful in the city of Zeitz but disagree in the schedules while that town’s information don’t present that he was now there in any way. Then they place him as concert get good at in Bayreuth, as the just record of his existence there lists him simply as courtroom organist in 1673. In 1673, battle broke out between some German expresses and France as well as the Margrave of Bayreuth, Christian Ernst, led his soldiers from the area. He generously provided Krieger permission to go to Italy, at no reduction in pay, to review. In Venice, he was trained structure by Johann Rosenmüller and clavier using a.M. Abbatini. In Rome, he examined both topics with Bernardo Pasquini. On his in the past through Austria, he performed for Emperor Leopold I, who was simply so overcome by Krieger’s playing that he granted patents of nobility to the complete Krieger family members, male and woman. Krieger remained in Bayreuth just some time. Touring on through Frankfurt to Primary and Kasel, he got work gives in both locations. But he finally approved a position using the grand ducal courtroom in Hallé on November 1, 1677, as concert expert. The Grand Duke August, passed away three years later on. His successor, Johann Adolph I, verified Krieger in the same work. This needed Krieger to produce a move with all of those other courtroom when Johann Adolph relocated it to Weissenfels. Krieger continued to be in that placement until he passed away. When the ducal courtroom relocated to Weissenfels regarding the a sale of some music towards the Marienkirch there, he produced a catalog of his personal compositions and functions of additional composers he previously obtained and presumably performed in Hallé. He continuing to keep comprehensive and careful lists of all vocal music he performed in his 45 years in Weissenfels. It demonstrates he performed more than 2,000 independent functions from his personal pencil, 225 by his sibling Johann, and 475 by various other composers. Simply the set of his cantatas quantities a lot more than 2,000 functions, creating the vast almost all this listing. Nevertheless, just 74 of these are extant. He also composed 13 operas, all dropped; various other sacred music; and handful of secular music. Krieger produced an excellent contribution to the annals from the German cathedral cantata by implementing madrigal verse forms for his text messages. The religious reason for these cantatas was to touch upon or illustrate the day’s Scripture lesson. Old cantatas were created on texts in the Bible, chorales, or odes. Krieger’s even more dramatic type was modeled on Italian secular cantatas and contains recitatives and arias, which can include specifically created texts, a lot of which were compiled by the deacon at Weissenfels, the pastor and poet Erdmann Neumeister. These cantatas occasionally but not generally included chorale and Bible text messages. This format became referred to as the “brand-new German cantata,” and may be the type that Johann Sebastian Bach raised to its highest level. Krieger’s illustrations are of very good quality, position with those of some other of his contemporaries besides Bach himself. The parts of his cantatas are usually in obviously understandable forms with durable, easy rhythmic and harmonic framework. The degree of his structure of instrumental music is definitely much less well-known: He released two models of trio sonatas (12 for just two violins and continuo and 12 for viola da gamba, violin, and continuo) and six suites, known as Lustige Feld-Musik, for four blowing wind instruments. These functions survive, however, many “sonatas” which were certainly early specimens of concerto grosso didn’t. Of his key pad functions, just three functions (a passacaglia, a couple of 24 variations with an aria, and a toccata and fugue) survive.

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