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Johann Adolf Hasse

Though today nearly completely eclipsed by his modern George Frideric Handel, in his day Johann Adolf Hasse was revered among the most effective opera composers in possibly Italy or the provinces of Germany. The grandson of the German burgomeister, Hasse analyzed in Hamburg and started an operatic profession young. His wealthy tenor voice gained him a posture serving the courtroom of Brunswick, and he created his 1st opera there at age 21 (Antioco, 1721). The same 12 months he started a tour of Italy, including Venice, Bologna, Florence, and Rome. He resolved for at least six years in Naples, where he researched structure with Alessandro Scarlatti and churned out many even more operas. In 1730, Hasse is at Venice, composing his initial opera (Artaserse) in cooperation with the best Italian dramatist from the hundred years, Pietro Metastasio, who later offer Mozart with many libretti. In the same momentous season, Hasse wedded a celebrated Italian soprano, and recognized a posture as chapelmaster for Dresden. The next years discovered Hasse dividing his time taken between Venice, Dresden, as well as the Hapsburg capital of Vienna. J.S. Bach and his boy heard Hasse’s initial Dresden opera Cleofide of 1731, while his wife sang his functions for the royalties of Vienna, Saxony, and Holstein. His sacred music begun to come in Venice. Though his period was divided between Dresden as well as the Italian courts, he provided his German customers many opera seria and oratorios during each stay. The 1740s demonstrated a pivotal 10 years in Hasse’ developing romantic relationship with Metastasio; by 1761 Hasse got constructed operas on all except one from the poet’s lifelong result of libretti. Hasse also deepened his ties with Prussian ruler Frederick the fantastic, himself an beginner musician. Hasse’s operas and oratorios stuffed the theaters of Dresden, Naples, Venice, Vienna, as well as Warsaw, while his cantatas delighted the Hapsburg courtroom and his later on flute music invaded Berlin. The prolific composer experienced long experienced from episodes of gout. By 1772 or 1773 he, his wife Faustina, and their two daughters retired to a house in Venice. The Italians welcomed him; he continuing to compose, specifically sacred music, also to revise previously compositions. But Faustina passed away past due in 1781, and Il caro Sassone finally adopted her 2 yrs later.

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