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Jean Martinon

Biography

In what of 1 of his biographers, conductor Jean Martinon’s performances “were distinguished by way of a concern for translucent orchestral textures, and suffered by way of a subtle sense of rhythm and phrasing.” Sometimes, “he pressured a poetic inflection at the trouble of literal precision.” Martinon’s initial device was the violin; he examined on the Lyons Conservatory (1924-1925), after that used in the Paris Conservatory, where he gained first award in violin upon his graduation in 1928. He eventually studied structure, with Albert Roussel, and performing, with Charles Munch and Roger Desormière. Before outbreak of Globe Battle II, Martinon was mainly a composer. His early significant functions add a Symphoniette for piano, percussion, and strings (1935); Symphony No. 1 (1936); Concerto giocoso for violin and orchestra (1937); along with a blowing wind quintet (1938). In the beginning of the battle he was drafted in to the French military. Used prisoner in 1940, he transferred the next 2 yrs within a Nazi labor camp. There, he composed Stalag IX (Musique d’exil), an orchestral piece incorporating components of jazz; during his internment, he also constructed several religious functions, including Absolve, Domine for man chorus and orchestra, and Psalm 136 (Chant des captifs), the last mentioned receiving a structure prize from the town of Paris in 1946. Upon his discharge in the Nazi camp, Martinon became conductor from the Bordeaux Symphony Orchestra (from 1943 to 1945) and helper conductor from the Paris Conservatory Orchestra (from 1944 to 1946), after that associate conductor from the London Philharmonic (from 1947 to 1949). He toured being a visitor conductor aswell, although his U.S. debut didn’t arrive until 1957, using the Boston Symphony offering the American premiere of his Symphony No. 2. Although he committed as enough time as he could to composing in the first postwar years — creating a string quartet (1946), an “Irish” Symphony (1948), the ballet Ambohimanga (1946), as well as the opera Hécube (1949-1954) — he was more and more occupied with performing, dealing with the Concerts Lamoureux (from 1951 to 1957), the Israel Philharmonic (from 1957 to 1959), and Düsseldorf Symphony Orchestra (from 1960 to 1966). In 1963, he been successful Fritz Reiner as mind from the Chicago Symphony. Martinon’s tenure there is hard. In five months, he carried out 60 functions by contemporary Western and American composers, and produced several exceptional LPs for RCA, mainly of bracing twentieth hundred years repertory in audiophile audio. Chicago’s conventional music lovers shortly sent him packaging. Martinon jumped at the opportunity to dominate the French Country wide Radio Orchestra in 1968; dealing with this ensemble, he documented almost the complete regular French repertory for Erato and EMI. His previously Erato initiatives that centered on such supplementary but still interesting statistics as Roussel, Pierné, and Dukas, whereas EMI designated him integral pieces from the Saint-Saëns symphonies as well as the orchestral functions of Debussy and Ravel, among various other tasks. In 1974, he was appointed primary conductor from the Residentie Orkest within the Hague, but he passed away before that romantic relationship could bear very much fruits. Martinon resumed his profession being a composer around 1960, composing his Violin Concerto No. 2 (1960) for Henryk Szeryng, his Cello Concerto (1964) for Pierre Fournier, and his Symphony No. 4 (“Altitudes”), constructed in 1965, for the 75th wedding anniversary from the Chicago Symphony. He recognized Prokofiev and Bartók as solid affects on his ratings, which meld Expressionism with French Neoclassicism. Martinon continuing composing in to the 1970s, but he rarely documented some of his very own music, using the significant exceptions of the next Symphony, “Hymne ? la vie” (ORTF, for Barclay Inedits) and 4th Symphony, “Altitudes” (Chicago SO, for RCA).

Quick Facts


Full Name Jean Martinon
Died March 1, 1976, Paris, France
Profession Composer, Conductor, Violinist
Education Conservatoire de Paris
Nationality French
Albums Ravel Orchestral Works, Complete Symphonies, Saint-Saens: Complete Symphonies, Lalo: Symphonie Espagnole, Op. 21, Famous French Overtures, Music of Berlioz (Mono Version), Jean Martinon – The Philips Legacy, Lucerne Festival Historic Performances: Pierre Fournier, Symphony No. 1 / La jolie fille de Perth / Jeux d'enfants / Namouna / Norwegian rhapsody / Cello concerto, De Falla: Le tricorne (Mono Version), Dvorak: Slavonic Dances / Massenet: le Cid / Meyerbeer: Les Patineurs, Debussy: Orchestral Works II, Dvorak: Slavonic Dances, Op.46, Adam: Giselle, Extracts (Mono Version), Adam: Giselle, ballet (Mono Version), Orchestral Works, Saint-Saëns : Symphony No.3 & Poulenc : Organ Concerto - Apex, Prokofiev: L'amour des trois oranges, suite symphonique & Symphonie No. 1 "Classique" (Mono Version), Roussel: Suites de Bacchus et Ariane (Mono Version), Tchaikovsky: Concerto No. 2 en sol majeur pour Piano et Orchestre, Op. 44, Honegger: Pacific 231 / Rugby, Martelli - Milhaud - Baraine - Jolivet - Ravel, Cydalise et le Chèvre-Pied / Divertissements sur un thème pastoral / Concertstück pour harpe, Ibert: Divertissement / Bizet: Jeux d’enfants / Saint-Säens: Danse macabre / Le rouet d’omphale, Rapsodie espagnole; Daphnis et Chloé: Suite No. 2; Others, Berlioz: 4 Ouvertures (Mono Version), Saint-Saëns: Concerto pour piano No. 2 (Mono Version), Complete Orchestral Works III (Orchestre National de France feat. conductor: Jean Martinon), Debussy: Orchestral Works I, Beethoven - Stravinski - Haendel, Concert du 22/03/1956, Orchestre National, Jean Martinon (dir), V. Perlemuter (piano), Dvorák: 9 Danses slaves (Mono Version), De Falla: L'amour sorcier, ballet-pantomime & Nuits dans les jardins d'Espagne (Mono Version), Prokofiev: Symphonie No. 7, Op. 131 & Ouverture russe, Op. 72 (Mono Version), Saint-Saëns: La danse macabre & Le rouet d'Omphale (Mono Version), Mozart: Symphonies Nos. 31, 32 & 33 (Mono Version), Ravel: Bolero, Can Noel Pacific Rugby, Désormière: Le beau Danube - Rossini: Guillaume Tell (Mono Version), Borodin: Symphony no. 2 / Rimsky-Korsakoff: Capriccio espagnole / March from “Tsar Saltan”, Bartók: The Miraculous Mandarin; Hindemith: Nobilissima visione; Varèse: Arcana, Ibert: Divertissement / Bizet: Jeux D'Enfants, Berlioz: Symphonie Fantastique [Gemini Series], J.S. Bach, La passion selon Saint Jean, Concert du 30/05/61, Orchestre Philarmonique de la RTF, Jean Martinon (dir), Saint-Saëns: Cello Concerto No. 1 - Lalo: Cello Concerto in D Minor - Bruch: Kol Nidrei (Mono Version), Musique française (Mono Version), Prokofiev: Concerto pour piano No. 1, Contes de la vieille grand-mère & 4 Pièces pour piano (Mono Version), Ibert: Divertissement - Saint-Saëns: Danse macabre & Le Rouet d'Omphale - Bizet: Jeux d'enfants (Mono Version), De Falla: L'amour sorcier, sélection (Ballet Version, Mono Version), Ouverture de fête / Escales / Tropismes pour des amours imaginaires, Symphonie Espagnole, op. 21: for Violin and Orchestra, Symphony No. 1 / La jolie Fille de Perth / Jeux d'enfants / Rapsodie norvégienne
Movies Forces occultes


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#Fact
1 Conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra from 1963 to 1969.


Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
La conquête du froid 1951 Short
Le colonel Durand 1948
La taverne du poisson couronné 1947
Le jugement dernier 1945
Forces occultes 1943 Short

Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Les Roquevillard 1943 conductor
Rodin 1942 Documentary short conductor

Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Bell Telephone Hour 1968 TV Series Conductor - Chicago Symphony Orchestra

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Chambermaid on the Titanic 1997 performer: "Kol Nidrei Op. 47" - as J. Martinon

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