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Jean Langlais

Blind from age two, this composer, organist, and influential instructor studied on the Organization des Jeunes Aveugles (Country wide Institute for the Teen Blind) in Paris. Langlais’ tranquility instructor was Albert Mahaut, a previous pupil of César Franck. He examined piano with Blazy and body organ with André Marchal, who was simply also blind. In 1930, Langlais gained the top prix in body organ in Marcel Dupré’s course at the Country wide Conservatory. In 1934, he earned a composition award in Paul Dukas’ course and, like Messiaen, was among the composer’s last learners. Langlais researched improvisation with Charles Tournemire and received the Grand Prix d’Exécution et Improvisation des Amis de l’Orgue in 1931. He became organist for St. Pierre de Montrouge. During this time period, Langlais constructed his first functions, the body organ parts Trois poèmes évangéliques (1932) as well as the 24 Pièces (1933-1939). In 1945, he became a member of the staff from the Organization des Jeunes Aveugles, where he was to stay for 40 years teaching and performing the choir. Pursuing in the measures of Franck and Tournemire, he became a teacher at the renowned body organ tribune of Sainte-Clotilde in Paris, a posture he kept for another 42 years. His instant postwar compositions are the body organ suites, his initial Body organ Concerto with orchestra (1949), as well as the well-known choral Messe solennelle (1951), among 13 masses constructed by Langlais. The various other most performed public will be the Missa in Simplicitate for chorus and body organ (1953) as well as the amazing Missa Salve Regina for three single vocalists, unison chorus, two organs, and eight brass (1954). Almost all Langlais’ 254 compositions are on spiritual themes, although there are many concertos, body organ symphonies, and specific secular parts. Many parts incorporate Gregorian designs that are mixed with great originality and encircled with expressive and marvelous modal harmonies. In 1952, Langlais stopped at america for the very first time and proceeded to provide around 300 recitals and keep many get better at classes there in the being successful years. He constructed numerous parts for Us citizens, including an American Suite for body organ (1959) and his Solemn Mass “Orbis aspect” for chorus and body organ, that was premiered in Washington, D.C., in 1969. Between 1961 and 1976, Langlais trained French and international learners in the Schola Cantorum in Paris. His later on compositions consist of choral and body organ functions and chamber items for trumpet.

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