Home / Biography / Jean Cocteau

Jean Cocteau

Biography

Designer, filmmaker, and article writer though he was, Jean Cocteau protested that he was all the time a poet. A cutting-edge designer and a superstar, he was connected with additional prominent numbers of his period. His writing captivated the eye of musicians; many used him like a lyricist or librettist, especially Stravinsky, Poulenc, Daniel Biro, Man Sacre, and Louis Durey. Created to parents of prosperity, Cocteau was confronted at age group ten by his father’s suicide. He was delivered to a private college in 1900, but was expelled four years later on, thereupon fleeing to Marseilles to reside under a fake name in an area of prostitutes. When came back by law enforcement, he was put into the home of the uncle. A short-lived affair with 30-year-old celebrity Madeleine Carlier preceded Cocteau’s association with acting professional Edoard de Maximum. The youth, after that but 18, was motivated by Max to create and, compared to that end, the acting professional engaged a theatre for the very first readings of Cocteau’s poetry. A gathering with ballet impresario Sergei Diaghilev in 1909 brought a obtain a work for the reason that genre: the effect was Le Dieu Bleu. During this time period, Cocteau also fulfilled Stravinsky; in 1914, he went to the composer in Switzerland. Providing mainly because an ambulance drivers in WWI, Cocteau dropped in with several marines and was caught before released to civilian existence. A gathering with Pablo Picasso in 1917 resulted in Rome along with a cooperation with Diaghilev. For Parade, Erik Satie added the music, Leonide Massine the choreography, Picasso the pieces, and Cocteau the written text. The Might 1917 Paris creation demonstrated a fiasco, but a far more advantageous response greeted a revival a couple of years later. Following the end from the battle, Cocteau founded a posting house and produced an intimate romantic relationship with 15-year-old article writer Raymond Radiguet. The youth’s loss of life in 1923 drove Cocteau to the usage of opium. Pursuing his recovery, Cocteau embarked upon a protracted period of imagination, where such functions as Orphée, Les Enfants Terribles, and La Machine Infernal had been finished. A lapse into opium obsession once again was overcome generally with the ministrations of professional Jean Marais, who starred in a number of of Cocteau’s movies. In 1955, Cocteau was elected towards the French Academy.

Quick Facts


Full Name Jean Cocteau
Died October 11, 1963, Milly-la-Forêt, France
Profession Poet, Film director, Designer, Playwright, Screenwriter, Voice Actor, Novelist, Visual Artist
Education Lycée Condorcet
Nationality French
Children Edouard Dermit
Parents Georges Cocteau, Eugénie Lecomte
Siblings Paul Cocteau, Marthe Cocteau
Partner Jean Marais
Awards Louis Delluc Prize
Music Songs La toison d'or, Les Voleurs d'Enfants, Le bel Indifférent, pièce en un acte, Le Buste, La Toison d'or / Holidays
Albums L'Histoire du Soldat, Francis Poulenc: La voix humaine / Jean Cocteau: Le bel indifférent
Nominations BAFTA Award for Best Film, Tony Award for Best Play
Movies Orpheus, Beauty and the Beast, The Blood of a Poet, Testament of Orpheus, Les Enfants Terribles, The Eternal Return, La Villa Santo-Sospir, Les Parents terribles, Ladies of the Park, Thomas the Impostor, Le baron fantôme, 8 × 8: A Chess Sonata in 8 Movements, The Black Crown, Princess of Cleves, L'Amore, The Eagle with Two Heads, La Comédie du bonheur, The Mystery of Oberwald, Cher menteur, Human Voice, Intimate Relations, Anna La Bonne, Django Reinhardt, The Romantics of Venice


  • Facts
  • Filmography
  • Awards
  • Salaries
  • Quotes
  • Trademarks
  • Pictures

#Fact
1 When Jean Cocteauwas asked who had the greatest influence on him, he replied, "Harry Langdon.".
2 He was an Ambulance Driver during the First World War.
3 President of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival in 1953.
4 President of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival in 1954.
5 Honorary president of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival in 1957.
6 Was posthumously nominated for Broadway's 1995 Tony Award as author of Best Play nominee "Indiscretions."
7 Biography in: John Wakeman, editor. "World Film Directors, Volume One, 1890-1945." Pages 144-147. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1987.
8 Longtime companion of Jean Marais.


Writer

Writer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Voce umana 2014 Short play
Opium 2013 texts
Blues 2012 play "La voix humaine"
Ea3 2010 based on a play by
Les parents terribles 2003/I TV Movie play
Les parents terribles 2003/II TV Movie play
Belo 2002 Short play
Kerstmatinee 2001 2001 TV Movie libretto
The Walled Garden 1999 Short short story
Mia foni... mia poli 1996 Short story
Le train bleu 1994 Short
Edwige Feuillère en scène 1993 TV Movie text
Le bel indifférent 1993 Short play
Drug-Taking and the Arts 1993 Documentary journal Opium
Great Performances 1993 TV Series libretto - 1 episode
Merlín 1991 play "Les chevaliers de la table ronde"
Carole Farley in 'The Telephone' and 'La Voix Humaine' 1990 TV Movie libretto - segment "La Voix Humaine"
La voix humaine 1990 libretto
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown 1988 play "La Voix humaine" - uncredited
Saturday Review 1986 TV Series documentary play - 1 episode
La voz humana 1986 TV Series play - 1 episode
Oedipus Rex 1984 TV Movie libretto
Orphée 1983 TV Movie play
Cher menteur 1982 TV Movie adaptation
Rettenetes szülõk 1981 TV Movie
Les parents terribles 1980 TV Movie play
Estudio 1 TV Series 2 episodes, 1969 play - 1 episode, 1980
The Mystery of Oberwald 1980 play "L'Aigle a Deux Têtes"
La dame de Monte Carlo 1979 Short writer
La voce umana 1978 TV Movie play
Le bel indifférent 1978 TV Movie play
Teatro estudio 1977 TV Series 1 episode
The Unanswered Question: Six Talks at Harvard 1976 TV Mini-Series 'Oedipus Rex' libretto - 1 episode
L'aigle 1975 TV Movie play
Le bel indifférent 1975 TV Movie play
Az emberi hang 1975 TV Movie
Kaunis välinpitämätön 1974 TV Movie play Le Bel Indifférent
Alta comedia 1973 TV Series 1 episode
Oedipus Rex 1972 TV Special libretto
I mostri sacri 1971 TV Movie play
La Voix humaine 1970 TV Movie book of musical play by
Der schöne Gleichgültige 1967 TV Short play
De onverschillige 1967 TV Movie play "Le bel Indifférent"
The Human Voice 1966 TV Movie story
De tweekoppige adelaar 1966 TV Movie
La machine 1966 TV Movie play
Thomas l'imposteur 1965 adaptation / dialogue / from the novel by
A Voz Humana 1965 TV Movie play
Mahdottomat vanhemmat 1964 TV Movie play "Les parents terribles"
Estudio 3 1964 TV Series 1 episode
Festival 1963 TV Series 1 episode
La machine infernale 1963 TV Movie play
Stemmen 1963 TV Movie after his works
ITV Play of the Week TV Series play "La machine
Jean Cocteau s'adresse... 1962 Documentary short
Q for Quest 1961 TV Series 1 episode
La princesse de Clèves 1961 adaptation
Play of the Week 1961 TV Series story - 1 episode
Die geliebte Stimme 1960 Short play
Testament of Orpheus 1960
Shoestring Theatre 1959 TV Series play - 1 episode
Grande Teatro Tupi 1959 TV Series 1 episode
Anna la bonne 1958 Short poem
Le bel indifférent 1957 Short play - as Jean Cocteau de l'Académie Française
Django Reinhardt 1957 Short literary text
Der schöne Gleichgültige 1956 TV Short play
Pantomimes 1956 Short commentary
A l'aube d'un monde 1955 Documentary short commentary writer
TV de Vanguarda 1953 TV Series play - 1 episode
Disobedient 1953 play "Les Parents Terribles"
The Divine Creatures 1952 TV Movie play
La corona negra 1951 story
Les Enfants Terribles 1950 adaptation and dialogue / novel
Days of Our Years 1950 Documentary sketch
Orpheus 1950
The Emperor's Nightingale 1949 french adaptation
Les parents terribles 1948 play / screenplay
L'aigle 1948 writer
L'amore 1948 play "La voix humaine" - segment "Una voce umana"
Ruy Blas 1948 screenplay and dialogue
La Norvège sans les Vikings 1948 Documentary short commentary writer
The Infernal Machine 1947 TV Movie play "La machine infernale"
Beauty and the Beast 1946 dialogue / screenplay / story
L'amitié noire 1946 Documentary short commentary writer
Les dames du Bois de Boulogne 1945 dialogue: additional
L'éternel retour 1943 dialogue / scenario
The Phantom Baron 1943 dialogue
La comédie du bonheur 1940 adaptation / dialogue
The Blood of a Poet 1932

Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
O Sal da Lua 2010 Short voice
C'est arrivé 1957 Jean Cocteau (uncredited)
8 X 8: A Chess Sonata in 8 Movements 1957
Pantomimes 1956 Short
Coriolan 1950
Les Enfants Terribles 1950 Narrator (voice)
Orpheus 1950 Narrator (voice, uncredited)
Daughter of the Sands 1949 Récitant / Narrator (voice)
Les parents terribles 1948 Narrator (uncredited)
Beauty and the Beast 1946 Voice of Magic (voice, uncredited)
La Malibran 1944 Alfred de Musset (as Monsieur Jean Cocteau de l'Académie Mallarmé)
The Phantom Baron 1943 Le baron Julius Carol - le baron fantôme
The Blood of a Poet 1932 Bit Part (uncredited)

Director

Director

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Jean Cocteau s'adresse... 1962 Documentary short
Testament of Orpheus 1960
8 X 8: A Chess Sonata in 8 Movements 1957
La villa Santo Sospir 1952 Short
Coriolan 1950
Orpheus 1950
Les parents terribles 1948
L'aigle 1948
Beauty and the Beast 1946
The Blood of a Poet 1932
Jean Cocteau fait du cinéma 1925

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Picasso and Dance 2005 TV Movie "LE TRAIN BLEU The Blue Train"
La voix humaine 1990 "La Voix humaine"
Martin et Léa 1979 writer: "La Voix humaine"
The Unanswered Question: Six Talks at Harvard 1976 TV Mini-Series 1 episode

Art Department

Art Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Venom and Eternity 1951 poster designer - uncredited

Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Anna la bonne 1958 Short

Costume Designer

Costume Designer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Aller et retour 1948 Short

Editor

Editor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Blood of a Poet 1932

Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Chansons von Jean Cocteau 1965 TV Movie documentary

Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous

TitleYearStatusCharacter
La cravate 1957 Short writer: introduction

Thanks

Thanks

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Con qué la lavaré? 2004 Short thanks
Charlotte et son Jules 1960 Short in tribute to

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Jean Cocteau s'adresse... 1962 Documentary short Himself
Portrait-souvenir: Marcel Proust 1962 TV Movie Himself
Les gens de lettres 1960 Short Himself
L'Amérique insolite 1960 Documentary Narrator (Afterword)
Testament of Orpheus 1960 Himself - the Poet
Cinépanorama 1959 TV Series documentary Himself
Reflets de Cannes 1959 TV Series documentary Himself
Musée Grévin 1958 Short Himself - a director
En direct de... 1956 TV Series documentary Himself
Meet Jeanne Heal 1956 TV Series Himself
Eine Melodie - vier Maler 1955 Documentary short Himself
A l'aube d'un monde 1955 Documentary short Narrateur (voice)
La villa Santo Sospir 1952 Short Himself
Venom and Eternity 1951 Himself
Colette 1951 Documentary short Himself
Days of Our Years 1950 Documentary Himself
Désordre 1949 Documentary short Himself
Jean Cocteau 1949 Documentary Himself
L'amitié noire 1946 Documentary short Narrateur (voice)
De Jeanne d'Arc 1944 Documentary Récitant (voice)

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Picasso, naissance de l'icône 2015 Documentary Himself
Cocteau Marais - Un couple mythique 2013 TV Movie documentary Himself
L'Occupation sans relâche - Les artistes pendant la guerre 2010 TV Movie documentary Himself
Deux de la Vague 2010 Documentary Himself
Callas assoluta 2007 Documentary Himself
Chacun son cinéma ou Ce petit coup au coeur quand la lumière s'éteint et que le film commence 2007 Himself (segment "47 Ans Après")
Cannes, 60 ans d'histoires 2007 TV Movie documentary Himself
20 heures le journal 2007 TV Series Himself
Le cinéma de Jean Giono 2004 Video documentary Himself
J.M. Barrie, la vérité sur Peter Pan 2000 TV Movie documentary Himself
Österreich - Unser Jahrhundert 1999 TV Series documentary Himself
François Chalais, la vie comme un roman 1997 TV Movie documentary Himself
Jean Cocteau, mensonges et vérités 1997 Documentary Himself
François Truffaut: The Man Who Loved Cinema - The Wild Child 1996 TV Movie documentary
Sarah 1988 TV Short documentary Himself
Saturday Review 1986 TV Series documentary Himself
Vivement Truffaut 1985 TV Movie documentary Himself
Steel Cathedrals 1985 Video short Himself
Jean Cocteau: Autoportrait d'un inconnu 1983 TV Movie documentary Himself
Stravinsky: Once at a Border... 1982 TV Movie Himself
Les heures chaudes de Montparnasse 1980 TV Series documentary Himself
Chantons sous l'occupation 1976 Documentary Himself
Disorder Is 20 Years Old 1967 Documentary Himself
Reflets de Cannes 1964 TV Series documentary Himself
Around the World with Orson Welles 1955 TV Mini-Series documentary Himself

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1946 Prix Louis Delluc Prix Louis Delluc La belle et la bête (1946)

Nominated awards

Nominated awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1961 BAFTA Film Award BAFTA Awards Best Film from any Source Le testament d'Orphée, ou ne me demandez pas pourquoi! (1960)
1950 Golden Lion Venice Film Festival Orphée (1950)
1948 Grand International Award Venice Film Festival L'aigle (1948)
1946 Grand Prize of the Festival Cannes Film Festival La belle et la bête (1946)


Looks like we don't have salary information. Sorry!


#Quote
1 In Paris, everybody wants to be an actor; nobody is content to be a spectator.
2 [on being accused by fellow-Frenchmen of fraternizing with Nazi officials during the WWII occupation] Why should the destiny of a poet change? My realm is not of this world. and the world resents me for not following the rules. I will always suffer the same injustice.
3 What's a Frenchman? An Italian in a bad mood.
4 [on Orson Welles] An active loafer, a wise madman.
5 [on Marlene Dietrich] In your voice we hear the voice of Lorelei; in your look, the Lorelei turns to us. But the Lorelei was a danger to be feared. You are not, because the secret of your beauty lies in the care of your loving kindness of the heart. This care of the heart is what holds you higher than elegance, fashion or style; higher even than your fame, your courage, your bearing, your films, your songs.
6 [on the cast of "Les Parents Terribles"] If I keep Jean Marais for last, it's because his performance escapes analysis. Not only is it prodigious: he played what he used to execute, instinctively, and tripled his effects by a fusion of passion and style.
7 A film is a petrified fountain of thought.
8 [on cinema] That temple of sex, with its goddesses, its guardians and its victims.
9 History consists of truths which in the end turn into lies, while myth consists of lies which finally turn into truths.
10 I love cats because I enjoy my home; and little by little, they become its visible soul.
11 Film will only become an art when its materials are as inexpensive as pencil and paper.

#Trademark
1 Almost always cast his protege and lover, 'Jean Marais'.
2 Rich, poetic films filled with symbolism

Check Also

Irving Berlin

Irving Berlin (1888-1989) was probably the most successful songwriter from the 20th hundred years. Though, …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *