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Jack Nitzsche

Biography

A significant behind-the-scenes shape in popular music for 40 years, composer/songwriter/maker/arranger/studio room musician Jack port Nitzsche served an essential function in 1960s rock and roll & roll, getting a tuned musician’s know-how to carry on the task of even more instinctive rockers in a manner that complemented and deepened their function. The Rolling Rocks and Neil Youthful specifically benefited from his skills. Nitzsche was also an able article writer who penned several main strikes and developed a profession like a film composer that included almost three dozen film ratings. Nitzsche was raised in Howard Town, MI, which he remaining at 18 in 1955 to wait Westlake University of Music in Hollywood, CA; he continued to be located in the LA area for the others of his profession. After university in 1957 he discovered are a music copyist. He was employed at Specialty Information by Sonny Bono, with whom he’d function extensively on the next many years. He also worked well at Capitol Information and Original Audio Records. At First Sound, he had written “Bongo Bongo Bongo,” an instrumental which was documented by Preston Epps like a follow-up to his strike “Bongo Rock and roll.” It produced the national graphs during the summer season of 1960. Nitzsche started getting arranging careers, and when article writer/maker Phil Spector relocated towards the Western world Coast, he visited use Spector, arranging a lot of Spector’s strikes, included in this “He’s a Rebel” with the Crystals and “End up being My Baby” with the Ronettes. He also have scored his own documenting agreement with Reprise Information, which released his instrumental “The Unhappy Surfer” in the summertime of 1963. It became a high 40 strike, and Nitzsche adopted it with an recording of the same name, but he didn’t continue to an effective recording profession, though he do to push out a few even more albums. His following chart entry was included with a track he made up but didn’t perform. He and Sonny Bono wrote “Fine needles and Pins,” in the beginning documented by Jackie DeShannon. It had been covered by English Invasion group the Searchers, who required it in to the Best 20 within the springtime of 1964. (The track was revived for any chart access by Smokie in 1977 and became a high 40 strike for Tom Petty as well as the Heartbreakers with Stevie Nicks in 1986.) Nitzsche’s use Spector stood him in great stead with another English Invasion group. In nov 1964, he performed on classes for the Rolling Rocks recording The Rolling Rocks, Now!, beginning an extended association using the group that could find him adding to such Rocks recordings mainly because “Play with Open fire,” “Color It, Dark,” and “You Can’t Usually Get WHAT YOU WOULD LIKE” (choral agreement). Nitzsche got his initial film credit offering as musical movie director for The T.A.M.We. Show, a renowned concert film filmed in November 1964 and released in January 1965. Also in 1965, he had written his initial film rating, for the low-budget Community from the Giants, though it might be another five years before he actually began to function in films regularly. For the time being, he continued to create, arrange, and record with a multitude of music artists including Tim Buckley, Bobby Darin, Doris Time, Marianne Faithfull, Frankie Laine, as well as the Monkees. He started an extended association with Neil Youthful when he had written a string agreement for Young’s tune “Looking to Soar,” which made an appearance for the Buffalo Springfield record Buffalo Springfield Once again in 1967. Once the Springfield split up in 1968 and Small went single, Nitzsche continued to utilize him, co-producing and composing plans for his 1st solo recording, Neil Small, in 1969. He also done Young’s early ’70s albums Following the Platinum Rush, Harvest, Period Fades Away, and Tonight’s the night time, and returned forever (1987) and Harvest Moon (1992). Nitzsche got his opportunity to come back to movie function in 1970 with Overall performance, starring Mick Jagger. It certainly launched his profession as a author of film ratings. By 1973, he was focusing on main studio films just like the Exorcist, and in 1975 he gained an Academy Honor nomination for his music to 1 Flew On the Cuckoo’s Nest. However in the past due ’70s, he approved a few creation jobs involving fresh wave rock and roll performers, producing the very first three albums by Mink DeVille and Graham Parker as well as the Rumor’s celebrated Squeezing out Sparks. From the 1980s, nevertheless, he was operating full-time on film ratings, averaging two per year during the 10 years. He got another Academy Prize nomination for An Official along with a Gentleman in 1982, and, with Will Jennings and Buffy Sainte-Marie (at that time, Nitzsche’s wife), he earned the Oscar for greatest tune for “Up Where We Belong,” which got already turn into a number one strike for Joe Cocker and Jennifer Warnes. Nitzsche’s film function slowed following the early ’90s, his last film rating arriving with The Crossing Safeguard in 1995. He passed away at 63 of cardiac arrest due to a bronchial disease.

Quick Facts


Full Name Jack Nitzsche
Died August 25, 2000, Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, United States
Profession Actor, Music Producer, Songwriter, Session musician, Film Score Composer, Orchestrator
Nationality American
Spouse Buffy Sainte-Marie, Gracia Ann May
Children Jack M. Nietzsche Jr.
Awards Academy Award for Best Original Song, Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song, BAFTA Best Original Song Written for a Film
Music Songs The Lonely Surfer, The Last Race, Up Where We Belong, Miryea's Death, Love Theme, Medication Valse, Da Doo Ron Ron, Miryea, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Aloha Los Pescadores, Starman Leaves / End Title, The Morning After, Last Dance, Bus Ride to Paradise, Charmaine, Harry Flowers, Surf Finger, Play the Game, Rolls Royce & Acid, Jenny Shot, I'm the Loneliest Fool, Theme for a Broken Heart, Theme From "Mondo Cane", Lower California, Theme From "Women of the World", Ebb Tide, Beyond the Surf, Define Love, Natural Magic, Stranger on the Shore, Here Come the Helicopters, Green Grass of Texas
Albums One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Revenge, Starman, The Hot Spot, Chopin '66, After the Gold Rush, The Seventh Sign, Hits To The Top, The Lonely Surfer, Three Piece Suite: The Reprise Recordings 1971-1974, Dance To The Hits Of The Beatles, Three Piece Suite: The Reprise Recordings 1971-1973, Bitter And Sweet, One Course, Go Riding, Blowball, Sunny Sounds, Long Play, Imposingly, Quiescent Point, Over The Top Hits, Big Hit Collection, The Mega Collection, Delicately Built, Freedom Loving, Time For Gold, Awesome Moments of Music, Bound To Be a Winner, Leisure Time, Explore, Express Yourself, Fabulous Hits, Gaudy Colours, A Bouquet Of Hits, Mural, Fabulous Creature, At High Altitude, In The Wild West, All Over The World, The Lp Library, Acquaintance, Top Mega Hits, Hits To Have A Night Out, Black Or White, Days To Come, Art Collection, That Sounds Good, Off To The Sea, A Mans World, Expanse, Noble Blue
Nominations Academy Award for Best Original Music Score, Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score, BAFTA Award for Best Film Music
Movies One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, An Officer and a Gentleman, The Exorcist, Starman, Stand by Me, 9½ Weeks, Village of the Giants, Cutter's Way, The Jewel of the Nile, The Hot Spot, The Crossing Guard, The Seventh Sign, Cruising, The Razor's Edge, Revenge, The Indian Runner, Mermaids, Blue Collar, Greaser's Palace, Personal Best, Next of Kin, Performance, Streets of Gold, Blue Sky, Cannery Row, The Whoopee Boys, When You Comin' Back, Red Ryder?, Without a Trace, The Last of the Finest, Breathless, Hardcore, Moment to Moment, Heroes, Heart Beat, Stripper, Windy City, Sticks and Bones


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#Fact
1 Had a long-standing problem with drugs and a reputation for erratic behaviour. He was sentenced to three years probation in 1979 for breaking and entering, following a dispute with his girlfriend, the actress Carrie Snodgress.
2 Composer, keyboardist and arranger. Started as a copyist with Specialty Records, after dropping out of music school in 1955.
3 Was the musical arranger and orchestrator for many of Phil Spector's classic "Wall of Sound" recordings, in the 1960s.
4 Was first choice for writing the score for The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (1974). He declined.
5 Recorded "The Lonely Surfer" in 1963.
6 He was born exactly the same day as Jack Nicholson who starred in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) for which he wrote the music.
7 Co-wrote (with Sonny Bono) the song "Needles and Pins" for The Searchers which gave him his start in show business.
8 He was born in Chicago but was raised on a Michigan farm near the town of Newaygo.
9 Father of Jack M. Nietzsche Jr.


Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Bridget Jones's Baby 2016 writer: "Up Where We Belong" - as Bernard Nitzsche
Tu cara me suena - Argentina 2015 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Lead with Your Heart 2015 TV Movie writer: "Up Where We Belong"
The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon 2015 TV Series writer - 1 episode
The 87th Annual Academy Awards 2015 TV Special music: "Up Where We Belong"
Deux jours, une nuit 2014 "La Nuit N'en Finit Plus"
Life Line Booth 2014 TV Series documentary performer - 1 episode
Hello Ladies 2013 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Twenty Feet from Stardom 2013 Documentary writer: "Up Where We Belong"
American Idol 2012 TV Series writer - 1 episode
No me la puc treure del cap 2012 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Britain's Got Talent 2011 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Misfits 2010 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Easy A 2010 writer: "Symphonies"
A Day in the Life of a Diabetic 2010 Documentary short writer: "Needles and Pins" - uncredited
The Cleveland Show 2010 TV Series music - 1 episode
Miranda 2009 TV Series writer - 1 episode
DR's store juleshow 2008 TV Special documentary writer: "Up Where We Belong"
Polyformia 2008 Short music: "Night of the Electric Insects"
The Wrecking Crew! 2008 Documentary performer: "Baja", "Puerto Vallarta", "Old Town" / writer: "Puerto Vallarta", "Old Town"
CSNY/Déj 2008 Documentary arranger: "Shakey Pictures Fanfare" - as Jack Nietzche
99 francs 2007 writer: "Sure Thing"
Patinando por un sueño 2007 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Yu-Gi-Oh! The Abridged Series 2007 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Death Proof 2007 performer: "The Last Race" / writer: "The Last Race"
Grindhouse 2007 performer: "The Last Race" / writer: "The Last Race"
The X Factor 2006 TV Series writer - 2 episodes
RV 2006 writer: "Needles and Pins"
Yours, Mine & Ours 2005 writer: "Up Where We Belong"
Everybody Hates Chris 2005 TV Series writer - 1 episode
South Park 2005 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Idool 2004 2004 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Idol 2004 TV Series writer - 1 episode
A Costa dos Murmúrios 2004 "Needles and Pins"
Australian Idol 2004 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Canadian Idol 2003 TV Series writer - 1 episode
The Lizzie McGuire Movie 2003 writer: "Up Where We Belong"
Operación triunfo 2002 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Hundtricket - The Movie 2002 writer: "Up Where We Belong"
Long Time Dead 2002 writer: "Sure Thing"
Family Guy 2001 TV Series music - 1 episode
Moulin Rouge! 2001 writer: "Elephant Love Medley"
The British Invasion Returns 2000 Video writer: "Needles and Pins"
Sabrina, the Teenage Witch 1999 TV Series writer - 2 episodes
Dogma 1999 performer: "Aloha Los Pescadores" - as Jack Nitzche / writer: "Aloha Los Pescadores" - as Jack Nitzche
A Civil Action 1998 lyrics: "Hard Workin' Man" 1978 / music: "Hard Workin' Man" 1978
La vida en el aire 1998 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Essence Awards 1998 TV Special writer: "Up Where We Belong" - uncredited
Tohuwabohu 1998 TV Series writer - 1 episode
The Hunger TV Series performer - 1 episode, 1997 writer - 1 episode, 1997
The Pale Horse 1997 TV Movie writer: "Needles and Pins"
Mystery Science Theater 3000 1994-1997 TV Series writer - 3 episodes
Friends 1996 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Boys on the Side 1995 writer: "Officer And A Gentleman"
Ladybird Ladybird 1994 writer: "Up Where We Belong"
Shindig! Presents British Invasion Vol. 1 1992 Video short writer: "Needles and Pins"
The Abyss 1989 music: "The Walk To The Gas Chamber" - uncredited / performer: "The Walk To The Gas Chamber" - uncredited / writer: "The Walk To The Gas Chamber" - uncredited
The 61st Annual Academy Awards 1989 TV Special writer: "Up Where We Belong"
First Among Equals 1986 TV Mini-Series writer - 1 episode
The Two Ronnies 1985 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Fame 1984 TV Series music - 1 episode
The 55th Annual Academy Awards 1983 TV Special writer: "Up Where We Belong"
An Officer and a Gentleman 1982 music: "Up Where We Belong" 1982, "Theme from 'An Officer and a Gentleman'" 1982
King of the Mountain 1981 producer: "Dangerous Strangers", "Where Do I Fit In?"
Cutter's Way 1981 music: "We're Old Enough to Know" / performer: "We're Old Enough to Know"
WKRP in Cincinnati 1981 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Melvin and Howard 1980 writer: "Gone Dead Train"
Heart Beat 1980 music: "I LOVE HER TOO"
Cruising 1980 producer: "Heat Of The Moment", "Loneliness", "Spy Boy", "When I Close My Eyes I See Blood", "Shakedown", "Pullin' My String", "Lions Share", "Hypnotize", "It's So Easy"
When You Comin' Back, Red Ryder? 1979 writer: "No One Knows Better Than You"
Blue Collar 1978 lyrics: "Hard Workin Man" / music: "Hard Workin Man"
Top of the Pops 1977 TV Series writer - 3 episodes
Two Tons of Turquoise to Taos Tonight 1975 performer: "On the Moodus Run"
Greaser's Palace 1972 music: "Turquoise Skies"
Soldier Blue 1970 producer: "Soldier Blue"
Performance 1970 writer: "Gone Dead Train", "Dyed, Dead, Red", "The Hashishin"
Shindig! 1965 TV Series writer - 4 episodes
Village of the Giants 1965 "Marianne", "Nothing Can Stand In My Way", "The Last Race", uncredited
Hollywood a Go Go 1965 TV Series writer - 1 episode
The Ed Sullivan Show 1964 TV Series writer - 1 episode

Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Crossing Guard 1995
Blue Sky 1994
Middle Ages 1992 TV Series 3 episodes
The Indian Runner 1991
Mermaids 1990
The Hot Spot 1990
The Last of the Finest 1990
Revenge 1990/I
Next of Kin 1989
The Seventh Sign 1988
Streets of Gold 1986
The Whoopee Boys 1986
Stand by Me 1986
9½ Weeks 1986
Stripper 1986 Documentary
The Jewel of the Nile 1985
Starman 1984 music composed by
The Razor's Edge 1984
Windy City 1984
Breathless 1983
Without a Trace 1983
An Officer and a Gentleman 1982 music by
Cannery Row 1982
Personal Best 1982
Cutter's Way 1981
Heart Beat 1980
Cruising 1980
Hardcore 1979
When You Comin' Back, Red Ryder? 1979
Blue Collar 1978
Heroes 1977
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 1975
Two Tons of Turquoise to Taos Tonight 1975
Sticks and Bones 1973
Greaser's Palace 1972
Performance 1970
Village of the Giants 1965

Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Life Line Booth 2014 TV Series documentary performer - 1 episode
Death Proof 2007 composer: main titles
Obsession: The Sex and Violence of Revenge 2007 Video documentary short music: score from 'Revenge'
When You Comin' Back, Red Ryder? 1979 music arranger
The Exorcist 1973 composer: additional music
Village of the Giants 1965 conductor
The T.A.M.I. Show 1964 Documentary arranger and conductor - as Jack Nitsche

Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Whoopee Boys 1986 Motel Manager
Girls! Girls! Girls! 1962 Piano Player in Lounge Band (uncredited)

Thanks

Thanks

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Pledge 2001/I in memory of: our brother in arms

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The 55th Annual Academy Awards 1983 TV Special Himself - Winner: Best Original Song
The T.A.M.I. Show 1964 Documentary Himself - Conductor (uncredited)

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The 73rd Annual Academy Awards 2001 TV Special Himself (Memorial Tribute)

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1984 BAFTA Film Award BAFTA Awards Best Original Song An Officer and a Gentleman (1982) · Buffy Sainte-Marie
· Will Jennings
1983 Oscar Academy Awards, USA Best Music, Original Song An Officer and a Gentleman (1982) · Buffy Sainte-Marie (music)
· Will Jennings (lyrics)
1983 Golden Globe Golden Globes, USA Best Original Song - Motion Picture An Officer and a Gentleman (1982) · Buffy Sainte-Marie (music)
· Will Jennings (lyrics)

Nominated awards

Nominated awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
2002 OFTA Film Award Online Film & Television Association Best Music, Adapted Song Moulin Rouge! (2001) · John Lennon (music and lyrics by: All You Need is Love)
· Paul McCartney (music and lyrics by: All You Need is Love and Silly Love Songs)
· Paul Stanley (music and lyrics by: I Was Made for Loving You)
· Desmond Child (music and lyrics by: I Was Made for Loving You)
· Vini Poncia (music and lyrics by: I Was Made for Loving You)
· Phil Collins (music and lyrics by: One More Night)
· Bono (music and lyrics by: Pride - In the Name of Love)
· The Edge (music and lyrics by: Pride - In the Name of Love)
· Adam Clayton (music by: Pride - In the Name of Love)
· Larry Mullen Jr. (music by: Pride - In the Name of Love)
· Kenny Gamble (music and lyrics by: Don't Leave Me This Way)
· Leon Huff (music and lyrics by: Don't Lea
1985 Golden Globe Golden Globes, USA Best Original Score - Motion Picture Starman (1984)
1984 BAFTA Film Award BAFTA Awards Best Score An Officer and a Gentleman (1982)
1983 Oscar Academy Awards, USA Best Music, Original Score An Officer and a Gentleman (1982)
1980 Stinker Award The Stinkers Bad Movie Awards Most Intrusive Musical Score Cruising (1980)
1977 Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music BAFTA Awards One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975)
1977 Grammy Grammy Awards Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Special One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975)
1976 Oscar Academy Awards, USA Best Music, Original Dramatic Score One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975)

2nd place awards

2nd place awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
1978 LAFCA Award Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Music Blue Collar (1978)


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