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Hugo von Hofmannsthal

Hugo von Hofmannsthal’s popularity is inextricable from that of Richard Strauss, with whom he created seven operas, at least three which could be counted as the utmost successful and long lasting from the 20th hundred years. His librettos, filled up with delicate characterization and masterful symbolism, are among the few that are individually enjoyed as books, especially in his indigenous Austria. His family members encouraged his composing from an early on age, and actually in his teenagers his poetry was broadly published and adored. After a short dried out period in his twenties, he re-emerged having a reinvigorated enthusiasm for the theatre, particularly as an art that mixed poetry, drama, and sometimes music. He drew fresh motivation from Greek theatre, specially the tragedies, and it had been among these that started his association with Strauss, who, on viewing a overall performance of Hofmannsthal’s 1903 version of Sophocles’ Electra, recommended it as materials for an opera; their completed function premiered in 1909. 2 yrs later, they produced Der Rosenkavalier, accompanied by Ariadne auf Naxos (1912, modified in 1916) and Die Frau ohne Schatten in 1919. Another 12 months, he and Maximum Reinhardt founded the Salzburg Event, a theatre to celebrate both music and theatre. His following Strauss cooperation was Die Ägyptische Helena (1928), accompanied by Arabella, which premiered in 1933, after his loss of life. He previously also started the libretto for Die Liebe der Danae, that was finished by Joseph Gregor. His takes on had also offered libretti for additional composers’ functions, including Tcherepnin, Brehme, Wellesz, and Varèse, nonetheless it is definitely his association with Strauss that produced the greatest effect on the musical globe. Thankfully for music historians, he and Strauss seldom met personally and instead matching in letters, therefore a lot of their relationship has been documented for posterity.

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