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Hieronymus Praetorius

Regarded the founder of seventeenth century German organ music, Hamburg church musician Hieronymus Praetorius was also a copyist and music editor, compiling important collections of monophonic German and Latin program music and German chorales. His very own taste being a composer, though, was for polychoral cathedral music, and he’s acknowledged with importing the wealthy Venetian choral design to Germany. Praetorius examined along with his organist dad, Jacob Praetorius, and with various other statistics in Hamburg and Cologne in the middle-1570s. His initial cathedral work was as organist at Erfurt from 1580 to 1582; he quit this position to aid his dad at Hamburg’s Jacobikirche, and upon his father’s loss of life in 1586 he was called the church’s first organist. He kept this work for the others of his lifestyle. The vast majority of his sacred choral music was released after he changed 50, though it is probable that he previously been focusing on the ratings for quite some time. He specific in parody public, predicated on motets, and composed a lot more than 100 motets of his very own (including several secular wedding ceremony motets). About 50 % of the motets are polychoral functions for just two to four sets of performers, and imitate the intensifying Venetian design of enough time, with wealthy contrasts of structure and tranquility, and quite energetic tempo. He also created several amazing eight-voice Magnificats. In 1587, a long time before he previously his very own music released, Praetorius copied and disseminated to Hamburg churches a assortment of monophonic German and Latin sacred music; he implemented this up in 1604 using a assortment of four-part German chorale configurations by four Hamburg organists (including himself). This second collection is usually historically essential as the 1st such German publication to demand body organ accompaniment of chorales sung by congregations. The just organ works certainly related to Praetorius are some full-textured Magnificat configurations and several chorales. Many of these Magnificat configurations were made up by 1611 and contained in the Visby Tablature, a series that also contains many private hymns, sequences, and Mass motions that tend also Praetorius’ function.

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