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Henry Litolff

Henry Litolff was among the leading piano virtuosos of the first area of the Intimate era, though later on he shifted his performance emphasis to performing and was a dynamic composer. While his functions have eliminated into background as small classics, his suggestions about integrating the types of the symphony as well as the concerto had been highly important. Martin Louis Litolff was a dance violinist from Alsace who became a member of Napoleon’s army like a bandsman and was used prisoner from the English Army through the Peninsular Battle in Spain. He finished up in Britain and wedded a Scotswoman called Sophie Hayes; that they had a child, called Henry Charles Litolff. Martin trained his child music and in 1830 sent him to review with Ignaz Moscheles. Henry progressed into a prodigy and produced his concert debut at age 14. At age 17, he eloped having a 16-year-old, Elisabeth Etherington. They relocated to Paris, where he fulfilled various educators and luminaries who motivated him to keep his concert profession. François-Joseph Fétis, mind from the Brussels Conservatoire, asked Litolff to arrive teach, therefore he remaining for Brussels, separating from his wife in 1839. He trained there for just two years, after that relocated to Warsaw. Fétis information that Litolff required the positioning of conductor from the Country wide Theatre orchestra there and during his existence, suffered from some kind of anxious disorder. He fulfilled the Von Bülow family members in Dresden after he came back from Poland to Germany. He became close friends using the Von Bülows, who offered him treatment for his condition while Litolff trained piano to youthful Hans Von Bülow, who later on became among the leading conductors from the hundred years. Litolff resumed touring, with great achievement. Following tour’s winding up in Berlin, he came back to London expecting to secure a divorce. Rather, he was tossed in prison and given much fine; nevertheless, the jail-keeper got a young girl on whom Litolff proved helpful his charms and she aided him in escaping. He visited Holland, becoming extremely popular there. He continued to Brunswick, where he was befriended by music publisher Gottfried Meyer and his wife Julie. Meyer passed away in 1849 and Litolff been successful in obtaining his divorce and wedded Julie on March 30, 1851. This gave him control of the posting business, whose name he transformed to Henry Litolff’s Verlag. He also followed her boy, Theodore, who eventually been successful Litolff as its mind. Litolff was a forward thinking publisher and set up the Litolff Editions series, observed for their even yellow-covered appearance, designed and costed in order to make traditional music open to the common guy. The business was effective; it continuing to flourish under Theodore Meyer’s path after Litolff stepped down. In 1940, it had been offered to and became area of the C.F. Peters Organization. While Litolff resided in Brunswick, he founded a event season, attracting a number of the leading music artists of that time period. He shifted from piano playing to performing at concerning this period and stepped up his activity like a composer. For the reason that field, he previously already achieved an development: the invention of an application he known as the concerto symphonique. As the name suggests, they may be in fact symphonies in type, with piano, and the primary thematic material is certainly directed at the orchestra, as the piano embroiders it. Well known for their outstanding scherzo movements, the main thing is certainly that these were unithematic. One simple theme may be the germ or motto that all of those other work advances and comes from. While Litolff isn’t the just composer to whom happened this implies of producing a structure while protecting its important unity, he was among its most important innovators. Liszt patterned his two piano concertos after Litolff’s concertos. He expanded Litolff’s notion of producing new designs from the essential motive and developing it; in Liszt’s hands the theme was continuously transformed, thus staying away from Litolff’s primary structural issue: his inclination to make extreme usage of literal repetitions. Wagner required Liszt’s thematic change idea into opera, building them from such transformations a couple of fundamental “leading motives” which changed themselves into additional motives. In 1855, Litolff was appointed Kapellmeister from the courtroom of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. In 1858, he divorced Julie and relocated to Paris, which he produced his house for the others of his lifestyle. In 1860, he wedded Louise, little girl of Count number Wilfrid de la Rochefoucauld. He set up himself as a respected piano instructor and conductor. When his this third wife passed away in 1873, Litolff himself have been sick and wedded his 17-year-old nurse. Regardless of his regular illnesses and getting quite feeble in his later years (roughly he complained in his words), he resided until simply two times before his 73rd birthday. He published many operas, some overtures, several large-scale choral functions, 19 “tunes” for violin and piano, just a little chamber music, and 117 brief characteristic piano items, as well as the functions that are best-known: his five concertos symphoniques, which the final four survive. He’s most common (and, to many music-lovers, exclusively known) for the outstanding Scherzo No. 4 of this series.

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