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Henry Brant

Biography

Among the great iconoclasts within contemporary American music, Canadian-born composer Henry Brant is really a radical amount whose function is out of the question to classify. Blessed in Montreal, Brant started composing at age eight and examined at McGill School from his 16th calendar year. In 1929, Brant used in the Institute of Musical Artwork, afterwards renamed the Julliard College wherefrom he graduated in 1934. Currently by that point Brant wrote Angels and Devils, a concerto for 10 flutes, that obtained its 21-year-old composer publication in Henry Cowell’s periodical SONGS Quarterly. With the melancholy and battle years, Brant held himself afloat through performing and organizing on radio, focusing on 3rd party movies (he was an orchestrator for Pare Lorentz’s device in the WPA) as well as for golf swing dance rings, including that of Benny Goodman. With war’s end, Brant got concurrent positions teaching at Columbia College or university with Juilliard, however in 1957 resolved at Bennington University in Vermont, where he trained until pension in 1980. In solely educational terms, Brant’s accomplishments are amazing, as he was the champion of two Guggenheim Fellows, the Prix d’Italia, NEA, Fromm, Koussevitzky, ASCAP, and Ford Basis grants or loans and election towards the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Characters in 1979. Like his modern Elliott Carter, the impact of Charles Ives was decisive for Brant, but Brant used completely different areas of Ives’ intensive life are his stage of departure. Stimulated by spatially conceived Ives functions, including the Unanswered Query, Brant started to redistribute his currently unusually voiced instrumental organizations around the many spaces where his had been performed, you start with Antiphony I (1953). This is quite a while before Karlheinz Stockhausen latched onto this notion along with his Gruppen for 3 orchestras in 1958, a function that gained the latter a whole lot of lip assistance in regards to what was regarded as revolutionary in those days in Europe, without acknowledgement that Brant got recently been there. Undeterred, Brant continuing along these lines until his pension from Bennington, creating functions of gigantic proportions dwarfing actually Gruppen, for instance his Orbits (1979), obtained for soprano, body organ, and 80 trombones. Not absolutely all of his concepts worked perfectly and at that time in educational circles this resulted in some tittering amid his co-workers that Brant was some type of a crank, although this partially owed to professional jealousy; not absolutely all were content that Brant could perform such tests in high-profile community locations as Lincoln Middle. After 1980, another facet of Ives’ impact opened up brand-new vistas in Brant’s function — the usage of collage and quotation. Not really limiting himself towards the hymns and parlor music that Ives enjoyed, Brant culls from his entire experience being a composer — golf swing dance music, rock and roll and pop music, movie credit scoring, the long-bearded traditional tradition, and also stylistic simulations of his have mentors, such as for example George Antheil. Brant acquired never empty traditional tonality, nor for example, fully followed serialism, and by the 1990s Brant acquired managed to look for a brand-new market for himself. The spatial parting was still there, as had been the outrageous instrumental mixes and his whimsical, Spike Jones-like transforms of humor, however in Brant’s afterwards music, persistence of expression is normally more of one factor. It has helped Brant problem the wrong-headed perceptions among his educational peers, and his 2001 structure Ice Field gained Brant one additional difference he hadn’t acquired before and hadn’t anticipated — the Pulitzer Award for music. Brant also garnered very much compliment for his orchestration of Ives’ Concord Sonata (1995), which he had proved helpful for pretty much 30 years. By age 95, Brant acquired produced a massive catalog of 300 roughly functions spanning nine years. It might take another hundred years to straighten out, and know, this prolific and innovative twentieth hundred years composer’s output.

Quick Facts


Full Name Henry Brant
Died April 26, 2008, Santa Barbara, California, United States
Profession Composer, Orchestrator
Education Schulich School of Music
Nationality Canadian, American
Awards Pulitzer Prize for Music, Guggenheim Fellowship for Creative Arts, US & Canada
Music Songs Ice Field, Orbits, Solar Moth, Wind, Water, Clouds and Fire, Homeless People, A Plan of the Air, Hieroglyphics 3, Ghost Nets, Trinity of Spheres, Whoopee in D, Dialogue in the Jungle, Angels and Devils: I., Angels and Devils: II., Angels and Devils: III., Revenge before Breakfast, Jazz Toccata on a Bach Theme, Space Station Docking, Altitude 8750, The Bluff, Double-Crank Hand Organ Music, Bones, Night Terrors, Inside Track, Docking, Space Station, Moon Rocket Bus, Eat Meat and Kill, Space Talk, The Foraging: alternate version, Trip to Moon, The Foraging, No. 1. —
Albums Ives / Brant: A Concord Symphony / Copland: Organ Symphony (San Franciscio Symphony feat. conductor: Michael Tilson Thomas, organ: Paul Jacobs), The Henry Brant Collection, Volume 3, The Henry Brant Collection, Vol. 4, George Antheil: Ballet Mecanique - Henry Brant: Signs & Alarms, Galaxy 2 (1954)
Movies Journey into Medicine


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#Fact
1 He developed the concept of spatial music, in which musicians are placed at different points around the concert hall to provide unique resonance for the listener.
2 He composed music for ballet, jazz groups, radio, and film.
3 He studied music at McGill Conservatory. He played violin, flute, tin whistle, piano, organ, and percussion.
4 He taught at the Juilliard School, Columbia University, and Bennington College.
5 Recipient of two Guggenheim Fellowships.
6 Won the Pulitzer Prize for Music in 2002.


Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Good Morning, Vietnam 1987 orchestrator
Carny 1980 composer: additional music - uncredited / orchestrator
Shanks 1974 orchestrator
The Devil's Brigade 1968 orchestrator
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 1966 orchestrator - uncredited
Cheyenne Autumn 1964 orchestrator - uncredited
Cleopatra 1963 orchestrator - uncredited
The Misfits 1961 orchestrator - uncredited
The Big Break 1953 conductor
Louisiana Story 1948 music technical assistant
Native Land 1942 orchestrator - uncredited
Youth Gets a Break 1941 Short orchestrator - uncredited
Valley Town 1940 Documentary orchestrator - uncredited
Power and the Land 1940 Documentary short orchestrator - uncredited
The City 1939/I Documentary short assistant orchestrator
The River 1938 Documentary short orchestrator - uncredited
The Plow That Broke the Plains 1936 Documentary short orchestrator - uncredited

Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Big Break 1953
Journey Into Medicine 1947 Documentary
Beit Avi 1947

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Bad Boy Made Good: The Revival of George Antheil's 1924 Ballet Mécanique 2003 Documentary Interviewee

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