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Hans Leo Hassler

Hans Leo Hassler was one of many from the composers who brought Italian designs to Germany in the first seventeenth hundred years. His dad, Isaak Hassler, was a stonecutter and musician in Nuremberg; all three Hassler sons acquired music lessons off their dad and became music artists. Like a great many other composers from north from the Alps, Hassler visited Venice to go after his education, most likely on the municipal stipend, and there fulfilled Giovanni Gabrieli and his uncle, Andrea Gabrieli, the organist of St. Mark’s cathedral. Hassler became the elder Gabrieli’s pupil, staying in Venice for 1 . 5 years. By 1586, he was chamber organist to Octavian Fugger II in Augsburg. The Fuggers also employed Hassler’s two brothers, and virtually admitted these to the family members circle. Hassler constructed prolifically, and in 1591 the emperor provided him a patent to copyright his functions. Hassler’s popularity grew a lot that Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse, attempted unsuccessfully to obtain Octavian II to “mortgage” Hassler to him. On the other hand, Hassler had extended his business passions, learning to be a metals seller and getting mixed up in manufacture of mechanised musical equipment. In 1600, Octavian II passed away, leaving Hassler with no employment. Augsburg’s city council, to maintain him, provided him the work of city music movie director, but he proceeded to go house to Nuremberg another year to have a identical placement. In 1604 he got a year’s keep of absence, visited Ulm, and wedded the girl of an extremely placed product owner. When the year’s keep expired, Hassler lower his ties with Nuremberg, became a resident of Ulm, and in 1607 was accepted towards the Ulm vendors’ guild. In 1608 Elector Christian II of Saxony commissioned Hassler to create a structure for his capital at Dresden, and appointed him as chamber organist. Immediately after arriving in Dresden, he was discovered to possess tuberculosis. No compositions are recognized to have been compiled by Hassler after 1608, but he will not seem to have got scale back on his various other work , and, certainly, overran the duties from the Kapellmeister. In 1612 the Electoral courtroom stopped at Frankfurt am Primary for the crowning of Emperor Mathias. While he was there Hassler collapsed and passed away. Hassler was extremely influenced by both Gabrielis and by Orlando di Lassus. He had written for both Roman Catholic and Lutheran churches, although he himself was a Protestant. Like a composer he was traditional, hewing towards the extremely polyphonic idiom that were in its heyday a fifty percent century previous. Hassler never published having a basso continuo, the sign of the brand new Baroque design. He utilized the cantus firmus technique as the foundation of his polyphony; frequently all parts deal with motives produced from the cantus firmus. He also published a large level of secular music, including Italian madrigals in five or six voices, instrumental functions (also extremely contrapuntal), and dance tunes that are extremely rhythmic and homophonic. One of is own best known tunes was the passionate G’mut ist mir verwirret (“My Mind is Rotating”), whose theme Johann Sebastian Bach combined with terms of Gerhardt, “O Haput voll Blut und Wunde” (O, Mind all Bloody and Wounded), in his St. Matthew Enthusiasm to spell it out the sufferings of Christ around the Mix. Another popular track he published, All Lust und Freud (All Pleasure and Pleasure), a galliard, was modified by Schütz in his Psalmen Davids and for the reason that form continues to be found in Protestant services.

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