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Gustav Holst

Biography

Known primarily for his well-known orchestral composition, The Planets, Gustav Holst embraced a multitude of musical choices, from Arthur Sullivan, Edvard Grieg, and Wagner towards the melodic simplicity of British folk music. In his maturity, he were able to merge these different influences right into a rather sparse personal design that became significantly clear in his old age. Perhaps his biggest talent place in the world of choral music; his Hymn of Jesus stands among the finest functions within the genre from the first twentieth hundred years. Holst’s first training originated from his dad, Adolph, a piano instructor, who also produced him consider lessons around the violin and trombone; the daddy believed these research might relieve the youth’s asthma. By age group 12, the youthful Holst was composing, actually dabbling in orchestration; in 1888, he received a prize within an novice competition for his vocal function, A Xmas Carol. Thereafter he sang within the All Saints’ Chapel choir and performed violin and trombone in its orchestra. In 1892, he journeyed to London and noticed a Covent Backyard overall performance of Götterdämmerung, led by Mahler. The knowledge opened up fresh compositional vistas for the youthful composer. Holst joined the Royal University of Music the next 12 months where he fulfilled fellow college student Ralph Vaughan Williams, who remain a detailed lifelong friend. Soon after his introduction in London, Holst discovered that the neuritis in his correct arm, which experienced afflicted him in his early youngsters, had worsened and today triggered him to give up ideas of the career like a concert pianist. In 1898, Holst remaining the RCM to have a position within the Carl Rosa Opera Organization as rehearsal pianist and trainer. He finished his Cotswold Symphony in 1900, and its own premiere in Apr 1902 was successful. On June 22, 1901, Holst wedded Emily Isobel Harrison, whom he previously met within a choir he previously directed a couple of years before. In past due 1903, Holst got on the teaching placement at Adam Allen’s Women’ College, in South London. The next year he obtained another post, the directorship of music at St. Paul’s Women’ College, which he’d keep until his loss of life. He added another teaching post at Morley University in 1907, bogging him down and departing short amount of time for structure. Still, the St. Paul’s Collection, written during this time period (1912-1913), can be among his most often-performed functions. In 1914, Holst started focus on what would become his most widely used structure, The Planets. The battle years had been extremely productive, because the composer not merely finished The Planets, but additionally had written Hymn of Jesus. In springtime 1918, Holst started educational work with the YMCA at its different facilities on Western european battlefields. He came back to London by the end of June 1919 and got a renowned post teaching theory and structure on the RCM in 1920. The composer’s popularity was not just developing domestically in the first 1920s but internationally aswell, as functions just like the Hymn of Jesus had been getting regular and acclaimed shows. By 1924, Holst’s wellness was obviously declining, and he hence lessened his workload. From past due Dec 1928, Holst produced some trips overseas that included appointments to France, Italy, Sicily, as well as the U.S. In Boston, a duodenal ulcer was diagnosed in 1932. ON, MAY 23, 1934, he underwent medical procedures for the ulcer, but passed away two days afterwards.

Quick Facts


Full Name Gustav Holst
Died May 25, 1934, London, United Kingdom
Profession Composer, Music Educator
Education Royal College of Music, Pate's Grammar School, University College London
Nationality English
Spouse Emily Isobel Harrison
Children Imogen Holst
Parents Adolph von Holst, Clara von Holst
Siblings Ernest Cossart, Nina Holst
Albums Holst: The Planets, The Planets, CBS Great Performances, Volume 25: The Planets, Music for Strings, The Planets / Egdon Heath, Cotswolds Symphony / Walt Whitman Overture / Indra / Japanese Suite / A Winter Idyll, The Great Composers, Volume 50: Holst, The Planets, Big Space Adventure! (Classical Clubhouse), The Planets / Suite de Ballet, op. 10, The Morning of the Year / The Golden Goose / King Estmere, Choral Symphony / Choral Fantasia, Choral Music, The Collected Recorded Works, Holst Conducts the Planets, Britten: Four Sea Interludes / Passacaglia / Bridge: The Sea / Bax: On the Sea Shore, Holst: Planets Suite / Ravel: Bolero, The Planets Suite, Op. 32, English String Miniatures, Volume 4, BBC Music, Volume 7, Number 11: Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis / Belshazzar's Feast, English String Miniatures, Volume 3, Holst: Orchestral Works, Vol. 2, Holst: Suite no. 1 in E-flat / Suite no. 2 in F / Handel: Music for the Royal Fireworks / Bach: Fantasia in G, Holst The Planets etc, Absolutely Magnificent Gustav Holst, Music from the Machine Age, Imogen Holst Conducts Gustav Holst, Coronation Ode / The Spirit of England (Stottish National Chorus and Orchestra feat. conductor Sir Alexander Gibson), A Winter Idyll / Elegy / Intrada / A Song of the Night / Interlude (Sita) / Invocation / The Lure / Morning of the Year Dances, Orchestral Works, Volume 2: The Planets / Beni Mora / Japanese Suite, The Planets, Composer's Original Two-Piano Version, Second Suite in F for Military Band, Orchestral Music, Emotional: Alex James Classical Master Class, Between Concrete And Steel, The Art of the Trombone: Works for Trombone and Organ, The Planets, op. 32, The English Song Series, Volume 6: Vedic Hymns / Four Songs for Voice and Violin / Humbert Wolfe Songs, English String Miniatures, Volume 6, The Planets: Suite for Large Orchestra Op. 32 / St Paul's Suite, The Evening Watch and Other Choral Music, Hammersmith / A Moorside Suite / Suite #1 in E Flat / Suite No. 2 / Hammersmith, Holst: The Planets; Somerset Rhapsody / Matthews: Pluto, St. Paul's Suite / A Fugal Concerto / Brooks Green Suite / A Somerset Rhapsody, BBC Music, Volume 5, Number 1: The Planets, The Wandering Scholar / Suite de Ballet / A Song of the Night, Beni Mora / Somerset Rhapsody / Hammersmith / Egdon Heath / Invocation for Cello and Orchestra, Chasing the impossible


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#Fact
1 Around 1931, Holst was asked to compose music for a film. He attended a conference about the film, which was to be called The Bells (1931), based on a book by J.R. Ware, titled 'The Polish Jew'. The directors wanted Holst to finish the composition within a month so that recording could start. The music was to contain, "a storm prelude, a wedding feast and some dance music", and was to be written for small orchestra. When he was done composing, the recording sessions soon took place. Holst was very disappointed when the directors asked him to make changes in the scores. He became even more upset when he viewed a private screening of the movie and could not hear anything that was recognizable in his music, the recording and speakers both being so poor. The film was scheduled to be released in 1931, but in the end it was sold off to an American company to be premiered in the USA. Mysteriously enough, it was never released and neither the company nor film can found. The scores which Holst composed have also disappeared, and biographer Michael Short writes of Holst, "the only person who could remember them was an official of Associated Sound Films, who remembered a two track sequence in which a brass band and a pipe band, playing their own tunes, marched from different directions and came together.".
2 Known for his orchestral suite, 'The Planets'.
3 Brother of Ernest Cossart and uncle of Valerie Cossart.


Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Grand Tour 2016 TV Series writer - 1 episode
How to Let Go of the World and Love All the Things Climate Can't Change 2016 Documentary writer: "The Planets, Op.32, Mars, the Bringer of War"
Mozart in the Jungle 2015 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Home & Family 2013 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Mop King 2013 writer: "The Planets Suite" - as Gustav Theodore Holst
Play On! 2013 TV Series writer - 1 episode
How I Met Your Mother 2013 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Music High 2012 writer: "March from Second Suite in F"
Jagten 2012 music: "In the Bleak Midwinter" - as Holst
Upstairs Downstairs 2012 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Metal Evolution 2011 TV Series documentary writer - 1 episode
Keyhole 2011 writer: "The Planet, Opus 32: Neptune"
The Tree of Life 2011 writer: "Hymn to Dionysus"
Ponto da poesia 2011 Video writer: "Mars - Bringer of War"
Dexter TV Series performer - 1 episode, 2010 writer - 1 episode, 2010
BBC Proms 2010 TV Series writer - 1 episode
The World Within 2010 Documentary writer: "Mars, the Bringer of War"
Sherlock 2010 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Inspector Lewis 2010 TV Series writer - 1 episode
The Planets: An HD Odyssey 2010 Video writer: "The Planets"
Invictus 2009 music: "World in Union '95" 1995, "World In Union '95" 1995 / writer: "World in Union '95" 1995, "World In Union '95" 1995
Capitalism: A Love Story 2009 Documentary writer: "Mars"
Knowing 2009 writer: "The Planets: Op. 43: IV Jupiter, The Bringer of Jollity"
Doctor Who at the Proms 2009 TV Movie writer: "Jupiter" from The Planets.
De l'autre côté du lit 2008 writer: "The Planets - Op.32 - Suite for large Orchestra"
New York, I Love You 2008 writer: "Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity" 1916
O Meu Alien 2008 Short writer: "Venus, The Bringer Of Peace"
Sarah Brightman: Symphony in Vienna 2008 TV Movie "Running"
The Choir: Boys Don't Sing 2008 TV Mini-Series music - 1 episode
A Christmas Celebration: Live from Dublin 2007 Video music: "In the Bleak Midwinter"
Amazing Grace 2007/I Video music: "I Vow To Thee, My Country"
Niji no megami 2006 writer: "The Planets, Op.32: Jupiter", "The Planets, Op.32: Venus", "The Planets, Op.32: Neptune"
Breakdown 2006/I Short "The Planets, Opus 32"
Methods in Good Breeding 2006 Short "The Planets - Mars, The Bringer Of War"
Luis, Él y Luci 2006 Short writer: "The Planets: VII. Neptune - The Mystic"
The Curse of the Were-Rabbit 2005 performer: "The Planets Opus 32:2. Venus, The Bringer of Peace" / writer: "The Planets Opus 32:2. Venus, The Bringer of Peace"
McLibel 2005 Documentary writer: "The Planets Suite"
Mr 3000 2004 writer: "Jupiter"
Mona Lisa Smile 2003 writer: "For the Splendor of Creation"
Drakengard 2003 Video Game writer: "The Planets"
New Guy 2003 music: "Venus, The Bringer of Peace", "Saturn, The Bringer of Old Age", "Neptune, The Mystic"
The Heart of Me 2002 music: "In the Bleak Midwinter" 1906 - as Holst
EV Nova 2002 Video Game writer: "Mars: The Bringer of War"
The Yards 2000 writer: "Saturn"
The Woman Chaser 1999 writer: "The Planets: First Movement, Mars the Bringer of War"
Cider with Rosie 1998 TV Movie music: "In the Bleak Midwinter" 1906 - uncredited
Paradise Road 1997 writer: "Jupiter"
Merry Christmas from Vienna 1996 TV Special music: "In the Bleak Midwinter"
The Way to Dusty Death 1996 TV Movie "The Planet Suite" / music: "I Vow To Thee My Country"
A Midwinter's Tale 1995 writer: "In The Bleak Midwinter"
David Copperfield: 15 Years of Magic 1994 TV Special documentary writer: "Mars, the Bringer of War", "Saturn, the Bringer of Old Age"
Only Fools and Horses.... 1993 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Chasing the Wind 1991 Video documentary short writer: "Mars, the Bringer of War"
Paper Mask 1990 music: "I Vow To Thee My Country" - uncredited
How to Get Ahead in Advertising 1989 writer: "Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity from the Planets Op. 32"
The Magic of David Copperfield XI: The Explosive Encounter 1989 TV Special writer: "Venus, the Bringer of Peace", "Mars, the Bringer of War", "Saturn, the Bringer of Old Age"
Resurrected 1989 music: "I Vow to Thee My Country" - uncredited
Sammy and Rosie Get Laid 1987 writer: "I Vow to Thee My Country"
Zeppelin - Das fliegende Schiff 1987 Video documentary writer: "Mars, the Bringer of War" - uncredited
Another Country 1984 music: "I Vow to Thee, My Country"
The Planets 1983 TV Movie documentary writer: "Mars, Bringer of War", "Venus, Bringer of Peace", "Mercury, the Winged Messenger", "Jupiter, Bringer of Jollity", "Saturn, Bringer of Old Age", "Uranus, the Magician", "Neptune, the Mystic"
The Right Stuff 1983 writer: "Mars, Jupiter, & Neptune"
Ruy, el pequeño Cid 1980 TV Series writer - 26 episodes
Flambards 1979 TV Mini-Series music - 1 episode
Existió otra humanidad 1977 Documentary writer: "The Planets" - as Gustav Theodore Holst
Kuumat kundit 1976 Documentary writer: "Mars the Bringer of War"
The Man Who Fell to Earth 1976 writer: "Excerpts from 'The Planets Suite'"
Space: 1999 1976 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Mondo Trasho 1969 writer: "The Bringer of War"
The Avengers 1967 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Issues and Answers 1960 TV Series "The Blacksmith"
Making Tracks 1956 Short music: "St. Paul's Suite" - uncredited
Quatermass II 1955 TV Mini-Series writer - 6 episodes
The Quatermass Experiment 1953 TV Series music - 6 episodes
A Queen Is Crowned 1953 Documentary music: "I Vow to Thee My Country" - uncredited
Biografía de la locomotora 1948 Short documentary as Gustav Theodore Holst, "Themes from:
The Birth of the Robot 1936 Short music: "Mars" - uncredited

Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Luv U 2013 Short
Meditations of a Taxi Driver 2013 Short
Helmut Roar 2013 Short
Mark, the Bringer of War 2012 Short
Keep Watching the Skies! 2011 Short
Kung Fu Idols 2006 Video short
The Planets 2003 TV Movie
Fe Fi Fo Fooey! 1985 Short from "Uranus the Magician"
Fei tou mo nu 1982 from "The Planets: Mars, the Bringer of War"
Sir Adrian Boult Conducts a Programme of English Music with London Philharmonic Orchestra 1970 TV Special from "The Perfect Fool"
The Bells 1931

Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Rebel Scum 2016 TV Short background score
La Pucelle 2015 Short stock music
Holst: In the Bleak Midwinter 2011 TV Movie stock music
You Can 2001 Video short stock music
Patrick Stewart Narrates 'The Planets' 1993 Video documentary
Space: 1999 1976 TV Series composer - 1 episode
The Bells 1931 conductor

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Day Out 1985 TV Series documentary Himself - Subject

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Holst: In the Bleak Midwinter 2011 TV Movie Himself - Subject

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