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Grzegorz Gerwazy Gorczycki

Grzegorz Gerwazy Gorczycki was a priest, cathedral musician, and composer who lived and worked in Poland through the later area of the Baroque period. A lot of Gorczycki’s compositions are illustrative of his function as a cathedral musician. Although he will seem to possess written some solely instrumental functions, these seem lay down towards the periphery of his primary focus of interest: composing music for addition in providers of worship. As was the case for cathedral compositions of your day, the liturgical text messages that he established are in Latin instead of the vernacular. Despite his focus on an individual genre, Gorczycki’s compositions demonstrate a deep dedication, for the composer, to mixed compositional techniques and designs. Although he do compose in the stile antiquo of your day (as was the normal practice of several cathedral composers), cultivating in a few of his functions an a cappella design similar compared to that of Palestrina, Gorczycki also appears to have been a proponent from the stile moderno, using the even more current concerted methods from the Neapolitan College. His usage of the stile antiquo is definitely perhaps most obviously in functions such as for example his Missa Paschalis, Missa rorate, and Missa de Conceptione, in which a traditional, a cappella, polyphonic design dominates. This stands in designated comparison to his usage of the stile moderno in such functions as Completorium, Illuxit Sol, and Laetatus Amount. These pieces, and even the others of his oeuvre of large-scale vocal and instrumental motets, are seen as a their participation of 4 or 5 vocal parts that take part in dialogues with several instrumental parts frequently using violins, but also sometimes, oboes, violas, and trumpets. Unlike the modally polyphonic personality from the stile antiquo functions, these functions present a melodic framework that’s rooted in Italian instrumental forms inside the context of the clear major minimal tonality. Although the entire year of his delivery is in issue, being variously shown as 1647 ca. 1665 and 1667, it really is known that he was created at Bytom in Silesia. The just part of his lifestyle where he seems to have resided outside his indigenous Poland happened during his education. Gorczycki undertook his research in the colleges in Prague and Vienna. It appears most likely that he also received his musical teaching while enrolled at these colleges. Furthermore to his research, Gorczycki could also possess spent this era in the services of Ruler Jan III Sobieski of Poland, providing from 1674 to 1696. No matter his status using the King, it really is known that after completing his research, by 1692 at the most recent, he came back to his indigenous Poland, taking on home in Krakow. It had been right here, in the springtime of that yr, that Gorczycki was ordained. Immediately after ordination, he was appointed rector from the recently reorganized Congregatio Missionis, the Missionary Academy operate by the Purchase from the Missionary Priests at Chelmno, Pomerania. Right here he was billed using the direction from the music to become performed in the chapel, aswell much like lecturing on poetics and rhetoric. In 1694, Gorczycki came back to Krakow to be curate and most likely also an associate from the Wawel Cathedral Chapel. Manuscript proof signifies that he was composing by this time around. On January 10, 1698, the Cathedral Section in Krakow produced him movie director of music from the Chapel, commissioning him using the name and responsibilities of concertmaster, a posture he was to carry until his loss of life. From 1702 on, he also offered as a mature person in the Chapel from the Angelists on the Cathedral, having received the prebend of St. Stanislaus’ Confession, which can be known as the “Angelists Prebend.” This supposed that he was billed using the direction from the Angelists, a choir at Wawel, focused on the functionality of Gregorian chant aswell as polyphonic configurations before St. Stanislaus’ Confession. His responsibilities were further put into when, in 1705, he became Cannon from the collegiate Cathedral of Skalbmierz. Also, from no afterwards than 1727, he became a parish priest at God’s Mercy Cathedral at Krakow-Smolensk, among the churches in the Krakow diocese. On January 17, 1734, Gorczycki received the fantastic honor to be asked to carry out the Wawel Chapel on the coronation ceremonies from the Elector August II of Saxony at Krakow. Unfortunately, this event appears to have been in charge of his death. Evidently, during the wedding ceremony, Gorczycki captured a cold that he became significantly sick and he passed away shortly later on. Gorczycki was buried in the Cathedral where he spent therefore a lot of his profession. Archival data from that point portrays Gorczycki in an exceedingly beneficial light and it would appear that he garnered a significant status for his musical actions, especially in the region of structure. In 1736, 2 yrs after his loss of life, a now dropped biography by J.M. Nagawski, entitled Historia vitae…Gregorii Gorczycki, was published. The publication of the biography without doubt added to Gorczycki’s legacy like a long-remembered and extremely revered number in Polish musical existence.

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