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Gian Francesco Malipiero

Extremely prolific, extremely uneven, and immensely influential, Gian Francesco Malipiero had become regarded — also by various other Italian composers — as the utmost original musical mind of his day and place. His music fused contemporary techniques using the stylistic characteristics of early Italian music. In his youngsters Malipiero briefly enrolled being a violin pupil on the Vienna Conservatory, and in addition examined in Venice and Bologna (where he attained a diploma in structure in the G.B. Martini Music College in 1904). In 1913 he journeyed to Paris, where he was inspired by French Impressionism, using its fondness for enriching harmonies with sixths, ninths, and elevenths. He was also changed by participating in the premiere of Stravinsky’s Rite of Springtime, which so triggered him to rethink his looks that he suppressed all of the music he’d created to that period. Yet, something of the paleo-nationalist, Malipiero discovered even greater motivation in Italian Baroque polyphony, which he previously discovered by himself and started transcribing from collection manuscripts as soon as 1902. His educational passions also led him to simply accept intermittent teaching and administrative visits. In 1921 he became teacher of composition in the Parma Conservatory for just two years. Later on he was movie director from the Instituto Musicale Pollini at Padua, and in 1939 he became movie director from the Liceo Benedetto Marcello in Venice. Malipiero in the beginning produced functions that, although frequently harmonically thick and oddly organized, reflect the soul of seventeenth and eighteenth hundred years Venetian music. His compositions are characteristically contrapuntal, with some dissonance caused by the counterpoint. What’s usually judged to become his greatest music bases its tonality on free of charge usage of diatonic materials, although Malipiero used chromaticism even more aggressively in his later years. Malipiero’s principal functions, among the hundreds he churned out during his lengthy career, are the operas L’orfeide (1918-1922) and Venere prigioniera (Captive Venus, 1957); the cantata or “secret” San Francesco d’Assisi (1922); the oratorio La Passione (1935); and in regards to a dozen free-form symphonies, just seven of these numbered. Among his various other orchestral functions are Pause del silenzio (1917), a reply to World Battle I, which deeply traumatized him despite the fact that he was a noncombatant; Impressioni dal vero (Impression of Truth, 1910-1922); and Fantasie di ogni giorni (Illusion of Every Time, 1954). His chamber functions consist of seven string quartets, which the first, Rispetti e strambotti (Regards and Folderol, 1920), provides circulated more broadly than some of his various other compositions. A lot of this function is seen as a varying levels of Expressionism, dissonance, and modality. Malipiero’s most first and cohesive period was 1917-1929, although specific parts from his mostly diatonic middle period, like the Initial Violin Concerto (1932), possess found greater market favor, using because they execute a rather aimless lyricism that changed the more concentrated agony of his previously function. His compositions in the past due 1940s on became even more chromatic, subdued, and meandering. Malipiero also produced important efforts to musical scholarship or grant. He edited the entire functions of Monteverdi, a broadly criticized however pioneering effort. He also collaborated on the collected edition from the functions of Vivaldi; edited functions of Corelli, Frescobaldi, while others; and published many content articles for scholarly publications.

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