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Gérard Souzay

Gérard Souzay, whose true surname was Tisserand, studied school of thought in college however the family was music (his sister was soprano Geneviève Touraine). He was students on the Paris Conservatoire from 1940 to 1945, where he examined tone of voice with Vanni Marcoux and Claire Croiza, but principally had taken master classes using the most important French melody recitalist of this period, Pierre Bernac (Poulenc’s longtime partner), aswell as Lotte Lehmann before and after WWII. Souzay produced his first documenting the same calendar year as his professional debut, 1944. After the official Paris debut in 1945, he participated in festivities of Fauré’s centenary in London. At that time 27, he was the to begin his era after WWII to provide melody recitals internationally, preceding his youthful colleague Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (b. 1925) by many years. The French baritone produced his U.S. debut in NY City’s City Hall in 1950, but didn’t sing opera until 1957, at Aix-en-Provence: Cimarosa’s Il matrimonio segreto and Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas. In 1960 Stokowski invited him to sing the title-role in Monteverdi’s Orfeo with the brand new York City Middle (later NY Condition) Opera. In 1962 he produced his initial appearance as Golaud in Pelléas et Mélisande at Rome under Ernest Ansermet, after that repeated the function using the Paris Opéra within a functionality celebrating the centenary of Debussy’s delivery. Ultimately he sang on the Met in 1965, as Count number Almaviva in The Relationship of Figaro, implemented that same yr by Glyndebourne (although disease limited him to an individual efficiency), aswell as debuts using the Vienna Staatsoper and Munich Opera. Additional tasks included Gluck’s Orfeo, Méphistophélès in Berlioz’s Damnation of Faust, Pollux in Rameau’s Castor et Pollux, Massenet’s Garrido in La Navarraise and Lescaut in Manon, actually Wolfram in Wagner’s Tannhäconsumer. Nevertheless, recitals and orchestral concerts continued to be the principal concentrate of Souzay’s lengthy and distinguished profession, including annual recitals in the Salzburg Event between 1959 and 1963. Experienced in 15 dialects, he released Baroque music prior to the “unique instrument” period — specifically music by Lully, Rameau, Handel, and Bach. He sang German as mellifluously and idiomatically as Fischer-Dieskau, his main rival (whose intellectual word-stresses became significantly intrusive), although Souzay’s tone of voice was lighter and smaller sized. His repertory embraced Russian, Spanish, Italian, also British music. French chansons, withal, had been his métier, you start with Gounod, Fauré and their nineteenth hundred years colleagues, but specifically the Impressionist composers — Duparc, Debussy, Ravel — as well as the saucier Poulenc. From 1954, just like Poulenc partnered with Bernac until his loss of life, Dalton Baldwin was Souzay’s pianist, while not solely. They constructed an audience world-wide among viewers that acquired known just Italian or German opera. His existence onstage was elegantly good-looking, and he sang with unforced, but non-etheless expressive, extreme artistry that quietened also chronic coughers. Regarding to a thorough discography released in 1990 by Greenwood Press, he documented over 750 game titles on nearly 50 brands — 535 different catalog amounts — which range from 78-rpm discs to Compact disc reissues, and was granted France’s Grand Pix du Disque 3 x. Aside from operas, nevertheless, he infrequently documented with others, just documenting duets with Germaine Lubin, Elly Ameling, and his sister Geneviève. In 1985, Souzay became a member of the music faculty at Indiana College or university in Bloomington, but also trained at the College or university of Tx in Austin beginning in 1986, where Stephen Mims produced a documentary film on the subject of him, Souzay: A Existence in Art. Furthermore, indefatigably, he offered master classes in the Juilliard College in NY, and in Paris, Holland, Britain, and Japan, where he was a particular favorite of viewers in German aswell as French music.

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