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Gary Peacock


A complicated, forward-thinking jazz bassist, Gary Peacock is really a subtle however distinctive musician whose intuitive, sympathetic ear for group interplay has found him crossing from straight-ahead specifications to avant-garde free jazz. While his intellectual interest has attracted him to such wide-ranging pursuits as biology and Eastern idea, his huge musical talents, frequently connected with pianist Keith Jarrett’s “Criteria” trio, possess kept him on the epicenter of intensifying jazz and innovative improvisation for over four years. Delivered in Burley, Idaho in 1935, Peacock was raised in Yakima, Washington, where he had taken piano lessons beginning in elementary college. During his teenagers, he added drums to his repertoire and performed in various regional bands. After senior high school, Peacock briefly went to Westlake College of Music in LA before becoming drafted in to the Military. Stationed in Germany, the burgeoning pianist continuing his musical research and began his own little jazz ensemble. Serendipitously, once the bassist remaining his group, Peacock turned to playing bass, a move that could shape the others of his profession. Discharged from your Military in 1956, Peacock continued to be for several weeks in Germany before once more settling in LA. Back California, the bassist quickly discovered work using such West Coastline luminaries as saxophonists Bud Shank and Artwork Pepper, in addition to guitarists Barney Kessel and Laurindo Almeida. In 1960, Peacock wedded vocalist/composer/arranger/lyricist Annette Peacock (née Coleman). A genre-bending designer, Annette Peacock would turn into a extremely well known individualist whose tunes were played frequently by her spouse and associates. It had been also during this time period that Peacock befriended pianist Paul Bley while documenting trumpeter Don Ellis’ 1962 recording, Substance. A Juilliard graduate and supremely adept musician, Bley would become among Peacock’s closest affiliates. Later on, Bley also created an innovative and romantic collaboration with Annette after she and Gary parted methods. Through the early ’60s, Peacock relocated to NEW YORK, where he performed using a bevy of big-name performers including saxophonists Jimmy Giuffre and Roland Kirk, pianist George Russell, among others. From 1962 to 1963, he was also an associate of pianist Costs Evans’ trio, showing up on the record Trio 64 alongside another longtime affiliate, drummer Paul Motian. In 1964, Peacock briefly changed bassist Ron Carter for many live schedules in trumpeter Mls Davis’ quintet. This resulted in his appearance on drummer and fellow Davis alum Tony Williams’ debut as head, 1964’s LIFE. Arriving off his knowledge with Davis, Peacock started a formative association with saxophonist Albert Ayler. An intense free jazz musician, Ayler’s music acquired a profound impact on Peacock and his wife Annette, who both toured with Ayler in European countries. Though they ultimately divorced, both Gary and Annette would continue steadily to explore avant-garde and free of charge improvisation through the entire rest of their professions. With Ayler, Peacock documented such landmark albums as 1964’s Spirits, 1964’s Prophecy, and 1965’s Spirits Rejoice. The last mentioned half of the ’60s became believe it or not formative for the bassist, who collaborated with Bley on many schedules including 1964’s Turning Stage and 1967’s Ballads. Peacock also rejoined Williams for 1965’s Springtime before rounding out the 10 years in 1968 with Bley’s Mr. Pleasure. In 1969, credited partly to experiencing a perforated ulcer, Peacock made a decision to have a hiatus from carrying out and relocated to Japan. While there, he concentrated his interest on learning japan language, learning Eastern medication, and looking into Shintoism and Zen Buddhism. Ultimately time for music, Peacock produced his debut like a innovator with Eastward (1970), which also presented pianist Masabumi Kikuchi and drummer Hiroshi Murakami. Also during Japan, he used saxophonist Sadao Watanabe and pianist Mal Waldron, and documented for the very first time with potential Jarrett bandmate drummer Jack port DeJohnette. Time for the Expresses in 1972, Peacock once more diversified his passions, searching for biology courses in the University or college of Washington. Graduating in 1976, he embarked on a tour of Japan with Bley and drummer Barry Altschul, a day of which led to the concert recording Japan Suite. The next yr he released his ECM debut, Stories of Another, which showcased his first-time dealing with both pianist/keyboardist Jarrett and drummer DeJohnette. From 1979 to 1983, Peacock also trained music theory on the Cornish College from the Arts in Seattle. From the 1980s, Peacock additional explored his relationship with Jarrett and DeJohnette using a collaboration which was ultimately dubbed the “Criteria” trio because of the group’s concentrate on atmospheric, inventive reworkings of American well-known songbook and jazz criteria. Included among they are such extremely acclaimed albums as Jarrett’s Criteria, Vol. 1 and Vol. 2 (1983), Adjustments (1984), Criteria Live (1985), Still Live (1986), and Criteria in Norway (1989). The ’90s also became a fruitful 10 years for the trio using the launch of such albums because the Treatment (1990), Tribute (1991), Changeless (1992), as well as the live day Tokyo ’96 (1998). Also during this time period, Peacock released a go for if steady blast of single efforts, a lot of which presented longtime companions Bley and Motian. Included among they are Oracle (1993), Tethered Moon (1993), Simply Therefore Happens (1994), Annette (1995), and Attitude (1997). The next decade also discovered Peacock time for his use Jarrett, showing up on such albums as Inside Out (2001), Generally Let Me Move: Reside in Tokyo (2002), Up for this: Reside in Juan-Les-Pins (2003), The Out-of-Towners (2004), and Yesterdays (2009). A journeyman collaborator, Peacock continuing to set with like-minded contemporaries such as for example pianist Marc Copland, with whom he documented such albums as NY Trio Recordings, Vol. 1: Modinha (2006) and his very own Understanding (2009). The bassist also reunited many situations with drummer Motian for such albums as Amaryllis (2001) no Comment (2011). In 2012, Peacock became a member of pushes with saxophonist Lee Konitz, guitarist Costs Frisell, and drummer Joey Baron for Enfants Terribles: Live on the Blue Take note. He then matched with pianist Marilyn Crispell for the 2013 duo recording Azure. In 2015, Peacock shaped another trio construction, this time around with Baron and Copland for the ECM day Now This.

Quick Facts

Full Name Gary Peacock
Date Of Birth May 12, 1935
Profession Composer, Educator, Bassist
Education University of Washington
Nationality American
Music Songs Green Dolphin Street, My Funny Valentine / Song, All the Things You Are, Major Major, It Could Happen to You, Flutter Step, Nothing Ever Was, Anyway, Tramonto, Vignette, Last First, Trilogy I, Tonight, Albert's Love Theme, Voice From the Past, Guamba, I Thought About You, Just So Happens, Deep Space / Solar, A Northern Tale, So Tender, Billie's Bounce, Workinoot, Mister Joy, Autumn Leaves, I'll Remember April, Only Now, Somewhere / Everywhere, Butch and Butch, I Fall in Love Too Easily, Woody 'n You, The Way You Look Tonight, Summer Night
Albums First Encounter, Tales of Another, Up for It, Voice from the Past – Paradigm, Not Two, Not One, December Poems, Guamba, Japan Suite, Nothing Ever Was, Anyway: Music of Annette Peacock, Shift in the Wind, A Closer View, Annette, Now This, Chansons d’Édith Piaf, Virtuosi, Experiencing Tosca, Standards, Oracle, Partners, Setting Standards, Cosi Lontano... Quasi Dentro, Amaryllis, Trio Dialogues, Think Like the Waves, Always Let Me Go, Mindset, Modinha - New York Trio Recordings, Vol. 1, In Motion, Voices - New York Trio Recordings, Vol. 2, Insight, No Comment, Vibrations, Azure, Owls Talk, Setting Standards - The New York Sessions
Nominations World Music Award for World’s Best Album, Echo Award for Jazz Production
Movies Keith Jarrett: Standards, Keith Jarrett: The Art of Improvisation, The Keith Jarrett Trio: Live at Open Theater East, Keith Jarrett Trio 1996

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1 Married Annette Peacock.



New York Eye and Ear Control 1964 Short
Toys on a Field of Blue 1961 Short

Music Department

Music Department

Frankly Jazz 1962 TV Series musician - 1 episode
Barefoot Adventure 1960 Documentary musician



Mostly Martha 2001 performer: "Never Let Me Go", "U Dance"



The Keith Jarrett Trio: Live at Open Theatre East 1993 Video documentary Himself (bass)
Keith Jarrett: Standards 1985 Video documentary Himself (bass)
Frankly Jazz 1962 TV Series Himself

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