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Gabriele D’Annunzio

Gabriele D’Annunzio was perhaps one of the most influential statistics in the Italian literary and music world. His spectacular, picturesque, mannered, and frequently cruel — actually verging on sadistic — visual, referred to as dannunzianesimo, the Italian exact carbon copy of the French Decadent motion, affected many composers. He was a recognized music critic, especially mentioned for his early gratitude of Wagner and admiration from the then-obscure Monteverdi. Actually, a number of the intense mannerisms of Monteverdi and his contemporaries are shown in his composing. However, not absolutely all of his function is within this design; he also published simple like poems that Tosti, among additional salon-style composers, regularly set. Apart from uplifting and advocating for composers, he published many libretti: D’Annunzio and Pizzetti carefully collaborated on incidental music for a number of of his takes on. His existence was a vibrant one, including many scandalous like affairs (the most well-known was with celebrity Eleanora Duse) and an nearly obsessive nationalism, including passionate support for Mussolini and Fascism. He released his 1st poems at age 16, in 1879, having a publication of poems, Primo Vere, and was quickly also composing for papers and becoming a member of the main literary societies in Rome. His best-known book, Il trionfo della morte (The triumph of loss of life), was released in 1894; in 1900, he released Il fuoco (The open fire), an extremely thinly veiled accounts of his affair with Duse. He adopted that in 1904 using the crisis, La figlia di Jorio (Jorio’s girl). In 1910, his bad debts compelled him to flee Italy for France, where he had written the secret play, Le martyre de Saint Sébastien, that Debussy had written the incidental music. In 1919, to protest Italy’s lack of the city of Fiume in the Treaty of Versailles, he and his soldiers occupied Fiume (today Rijeka, Croatia), where he ruled as dictator until 1920. In 1937, he was called president from the Italian Royal Academy.

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