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Franz Lehár

Probably the most prominent figure of the first twentieth century Viennese operetta revival, Franz Lehár ranks among history’s greatest composers within the genre. He was known most importantly for his worldwide achievement Die lustige Witwe (The Merry Widow). That function kicked off a vogue for Viennese operetta in the us. He extended the genre by presenting more serious topics in such functions as Eva. Die lustige Witwe acquired the dubious honor to be Hitler’s preferred stage function ever, but its merits are higher than this suggestion signifies. Dramatic and energetic, full of lifestyle, it is first and filled with melodic invention. The libretto is certainly unusually good, as well as the story filled with love and wit. Lehár’s ancestry included a typically Central Western european ethnic combine: his dad, a composer, horn participant, and bandmaster of be aware, had roots within the Czech-German Sudetenland, and his mom was Hungarian. The youthful Franz examined violin and inserted the Prague Conservatory at age group 12. He examined instrumental functionality and structure, and in 1888 was employed being a violinist within a Rhineland movie theater orchestra. He was drafted in to the armed service, beginning an extended career like a armed service bandmaster, pursuing in his father’s and uncle’s footsteps. Lehár made up marches, waltzes, and dances, and, following a fresh post brought him to Vienna from Budapest, attempted his hands at operetta. He became music movie director of the Theatre an der Wien in 1902, but his 1st operettas, apart from Der Rastelbinder (The Tinker), weren’t terribly effective. Lehár was another choice as composer for the Merry Widow libretto, however the runaway achievement of that function founded for him a long term put on the world’s phases. Der Mann mit den drei Frauen (THE PERSON with Three Wives), Der Graf von Luxemburg (The Count number of Luxembourg), and Zigeunerliebe (Gypsy Like) had been all provided in 1908 and cemented Lehár’s achievement. So when Lehár became better known, his stage functions became a lot more ambitious, and he started to draw in the musical sources of modern grand opera, specially the functions of Puccini, in his ratings. Through the First Globe War he once again executed music for the armed forces. After the battle, Viennese opera dropped in reputation as brand-new kinds of well-known music overran the picture, including blues and American well-known dance tunes. Rather than acknowledging beat, Lehár tried to include these brand-new elements in to the Viennese genre. The effect was even more successes. His achievement within the 1920s was also because of the well-known tenor, Richard Tauber, who could deal with Lehár’s increasing complicated vocal assignments. Two of Lehár’s greatest operettas in the postwar period consist of Der Zarewitsch (The Tsarevitch) of 1927 and Das Property des Lächelns (The Property of Smiles) of 1929. Lehár also started composing film ratings and generating filmed variations of his operettas. Giuditta, based on the biblical tale of Judith, was his last opera, stated in 1934. Written for the Vienna Staatsoper, its dramatic content material and music helped blur the variation between severe opera as well as the lighter genre, that was within the wane. An ambitious function, it had been broadcast by 120 radio businesses. Lehár continued to be in Vienna through the Second Globe War, despite the fact that his wife was Jewish. He continued to be aloof from politics, and therefore briefly attracted the eye of Allied anti-fascist researchers after the battle.

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