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Francis Poulenc

Francis Poulenc was the best author of Les 6, the People from france group specialized in turning music from Impressionism, formality, and intellectualism. He published in a primary and tuneful way, frequently juxtaposing the witty and ironic using the sentimental or melancholy. He greatly preferred diatonic and modal textures over chromatic composing. His music also displays many components of pandiatonicism, launched around 1920 by Stravinsky, whose impact can be noticed in a few of Poulenc’s compositions, like the spiritual choral function, Gloria. Poulenc is undoubtedly probably one of the most essential twentieth hundred years composers of spiritual music, and in the world from the French artwork song he’s also a significant tone of voice of his period. Poulenc was also a pianist of significant ability. Poulenc was created into a rich category of pharmaceutical magnates. The agrochemical large Rhone-Poulenc may be the present-day company began by his forebears. His mom was a talented beginner pianist who started offering him piano lessons at age group five. Afterwards Poulenc studied using a niece of César Franck, and using the eminent Spanish virtuoso Ricardo Viñha sido, for whom he’d later compose music. At age group eighteen, Poulenc had written Rapsodie Nègre for baritone and chamber ensemble, which produced him an over night feeling in France. The youthful composer served within the military through the years 1918-1921, where time he constructed the favorite Trois Mouvements Perpétuels (1918). By 1920, Les Six — Georges Auric, Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, Germaine Tailleferre (the sextet’s lone feminine representative), Louis Durey, and Francis Poulenc — got begun producing its impression for the music globe. In 1923, Poulenc published the ballet Les Biches, which Diaghilev staged the next 12 months with great achievement, the public obtaining its combination of lightness, gaiety, and periodic occasions of sentimentality amazing. Poulenc continued composing at a reasonably prolific speed in the past due 1920s and early 1930s, generating many piano compositions, tunes and other functions. In 1935, he rekindled his companionship with baritone Pierre Bernac, therefore launching a effective and long lasting professional romantic relationship. He also came back towards the Roman Catholic Chapel that 12 months when good friend Pierre-Octave Ferroud was wiped out in an car accident. Thereafter he published many essential functions of a spiritual nature, the to begin that have been Litanies ? la Vierge Noire, for soloists, chorus and body organ, and Mass in G for combined a cappella chorus, both from 1936. Through the battle, Poulenc continued to be in German-occupied France, composing music of the antiwar or defiantly anti-Nazi bent, occasionally writing tracks on text messages by banned writers, such as for example Lorca. He also had written a ballet Les Animaux Modèles (1940-1941), Sonata for violin and piano (1942-1943; rev. 1949) focused on Lorca, as well as the masterful Body Humaine (1943), a choral cantata which really is a hymn to independence. Within the postwar years, Poulenc proved his Sinfonietta (1947) and Piano Concerto (1949), both not really entirely effective. In the time 1953-1956, Poulenc created his most ambitious function, the opera Dialogue from the Carmelites, regarded as by many the best French opera from the twentieth hundred years. Poulenc completed his last opera in 1958, La Voix Humaine, a function whose lone personality discussions (sings) on the telephone to her deserting enthusiast for the work’s 45-minute size. Well known also in this era is definitely his Gloria (1959), a function shorn of sanctimony and abundant with communicative simpleness and fervent religiosity. Poulenc’s last main function was his Sonata for Oboe and Piano in 1962, focused on the memory space of Prokofiev, whom he previously befriended within the 1920s. Poulenc passed away suddenly of the heart attack.

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