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Fletcher Henderson

Biography

Fletcher Henderson was essential to early jazz seeing that innovator from the 1st great jazz big music group, while an arranger and composer within the 1930s, so when a masterful skill scout. Between 1923-1939, quite an all-star solid of top youthful black jazz music artists exceeded through his orchestra, including trumpeters Louis Armstrong, Joe Smith, Tommy Ladnier, Rex Stewart, Bobby Stark, Cootie Williams, Crimson Allen, and Roy Eldridge; trombonists Charlie Green, Benny Morton, Jimmy Harrison, Sandy Williams, J.C. Higginbottham, and Dickie Wells; clarinetist Buster Bailey; tenors Coleman Hawkins (1924-1934), Ben Webster, Lester Youthful (whose short stint had not been documented), and Chu Berry; altoists Benny Carter, Russell Procope, and Hilton Jefferson; bassists John Kirby and Israel Crosby; drummers Kaiser Marshall, Walter Johnson, and Sid Catlett; visitor pianist Fat Waller; and such arrangers as Don Redman, Benny Carter, Edgar Sampson, and Fletcher’s more youthful sibling Horace Henderson. Yet, at the elevation from the golf swing era, Henderson’s music group was little-known. Fletcher Henderson experienced a level in chemistry and mathematics, however when he found NY in 1920 with expectations to become a chemist, the only real job he may find (because of the racism of the days) was being a tune demonstrator using the Pace-Handy music business. Harry Pace shortly founded the Dark Swan label, and Henderson, a flexible but fairly simple pianist, became a significant contributor behind the moments, organizing rings and support blues vocalists. Although he began recording being a head in 1921, it had been not really until January 1924 that he come up with his initial permanent big music group. Using Don Redman’s innovative preparations, he was shortly near the top of his field. His early recordings (Henderson produced many information during 1923-1924) have a tendency to end up being both futuristic and uncomfortable, with solid musicianship but staccato phrasing. Nevertheless, after Louis Armstrong became a member of up in past due 1924 and Don Redman began contributing even more swinging preparations, the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra got no close competition artistically before rise of Duke Ellington in 1927. At that time, Henderson’s music group (over time at the Membership Alabam) was playing frequently on the Roseland Ballroom but, because of the bandleader being truly a extremely indifferent businessman, the all-star clothing recorded relatively small during its top (1927-1930). Using the departure of Redman in 1927, and the finish of interim intervals when Benny Carter and Horace Henderson had written the majority of the preparations, Fletcher himself progressed into a high arranger by the first ’30s. Nevertheless, the Depression got its toll for the band, as well as the elevated competition from various other orchestras (alongside some poor business decisions and the increased loss of Coleman Hawkins) led to Henderson splitting up the best music group in early 1935. Beginning in 1934, he started contributing variations of his better plans to Benny Goodman’s fresh orchestra (including “Ruler Porter Stomp,” “Occasionally I’m Content,” and “Down South Camp Getting together with”), and ironically Goodman’s recordings had been huge hits at the same time when Fletcher Henderson’s name had not been known to everyone. In 1936, he come up with a fresh orchestra and instantly had popular in “Christopher Columbus,” but after 3 years he previously to disband once again in 1939. Henderson worked well as an employee arranger for Goodman and also performed in B.G.’s Sextet for a couple weeks (although his abilities around the piano by no means did develop very much). He battled with the 1940s, leading periodic rings (including one in the middle-’40s that used some plans by the youthful Sunlight Ra). In 1950, Henderson experienced an excellent sextet with Lucky Thompson, but a heart stroke ended his profession and resulted in his loss of life in 1952. Practically all of Fletcher Henderson’s recordings like a innovator (and several are quite fascinating) are on the Classics label and in even more piecemeal style domestically.

Quick Facts


Full Name Fletcher Henderson
Date Of Birth December 18, 1897
Died December 29, 1952, New York City, New York, United States
Profession Composer, Bandleader, Jazz Pianist
Nationality American
Parents Fletcher H. Henderson Sr.
Siblings Horace Henderson
Music Songs Sugar Foot Stomp, Down South Camp Meeting, Wrappin' It Up, Stampede, Hot and Anxious, St. Louis Shuffle, Queer Notions, Henderson Stomp, Variety Stomp, You Rascal You, Big John's Special, How Come You Do Me Like You Do, Yeah Man, What-Cha-Call-'Em Blues, Teapot Dome Blues, Carolina Stomp, Can You Take It, Hotter Than 'Ell, Everybody Loves My Baby, Wild Party, Fidgety Feet, Sing You Sinners, Go 'Long Mule, Hop Off, Stealin' Apples, Harlem Madness, King Porter Stomp, Rug Cutter's Swing, I'm Coming Virginia, Just Blues, The Meanest Kind Of Blues, Money Blues
Albums The Collection, Vol. 2 - 1924, Beyond Patina Jazz Masters: Fletcher Henderson, The Collection, Vol. 1 1921-1924, The Fletcher Henderson Anthology, Vol. 4, Wrappin' It Up Vol.2, The Collection, Vol. 3 1924-1927, Mother Of The Blues, CD C, Fetcher Henderson And His Orchestra, Big City Sounds, Fletcher Henderson and His Orchestra Selected Favorites, Vol. 12, Complete Jazz Series 1927 - 1931, Early Jazz (Remastered), Empress Of The Blues Volume 2: 1926-1933 (CD A, 1926-1928), Fletcher Henderson - 66 Greatest Jazz Hits, Vol. 1, Ain't She Sweet, Records For You, Together, Tune in to, The Collection Vol. 4 1927-1931, 99 Hits : Fletcher Henderson Vol 2, Riffin', Gentlemanly Music, The Fletcher Henderson Anthology, Vol. 3, Fletcher Henderson & His Orchestra - Live at the Grand Terrace, Chicago, 1938, Can't Afford, Beale Street Blues, The Fletcher Henderson Anthology, Vol. 1, Rhythm Crazy Now, Henderson, Fletcher: Blue Rhythm (1931-1933), The Collection Vol. 5 1931-1936, Hot And Anxious, Flowering May, The Fletcher Henderson Anthology, Vol. 2, Sing, Sing, Sing (Jazz Club Collection), Nearly Invisible, Balmy Breeze Vol. 2, A Study in Frustration, Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra, Fletcher Henderson 1934, Swing's The Thing, Fletcher Henderson 1927, Blue Lou, Fletcher Henderson - Hocus Pocus, The Fletcher Henderson Story, Fletcher Henderson - Top 100, Vol 3, A Delicate Dance, The Great, Around the Clock With, Always, 1927/8, Don't Let the Rhythm Go to Your Head


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Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Spanish Silent Film 2013 Short soundtrack: music performed by
The English Patient 1996 music arranger - uncredited
Swing Kids 1993 music arranger - uncredited
Miller's Crossing 1990 music arranger - uncredited
Miss Mary 1986 music arranger - uncredited
A Song Is Born 1948 music arranger - uncredited
The Razor's Edge 1946 music arranger - uncredited
Margie 1946 music arranger - uncredited
Make Mine Music 1946 music arranger - uncredited
The Dolly Sisters 1945 arranger - uncredited
Ziegfeld Follies 1945 music arranger - uncredited
Keep Your Powder Dry 1945 music arranger - uncredited
Hollywood Canteen 1944 arranger - uncredited
A Guy Named Joe 1943 music arranger - uncredited
The Gang's All Here 1943 music arranger - uncredited
Girl Crazy 1943 music arranger - uncredited
Stage Door Canteen 1943 music arranger - uncredited
The Pride of the Yankees 1942 music arranger - uncredited
Kitty Foyle 1940 music arranger - uncredited
Tin Pan Alley 1940 music arranger: songs - uncredited
Too Many Girls 1940 music arranger - uncredited
Broadway Melody of 1940 1940 music arranger - uncredited
Gulliver's Travels 1939 music arranger - uncredited
Honolulu 1939 music arranger - uncredited
Alexander's Ragtime Band 1938 music arranger - uncredited
Rosalie 1937 arranger - uncredited
Hollywood Hotel 1937 music arranger - uncredited
Swing Time 1936 arranger - uncredited

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
A United Kingdom 2016 "Down South Camp Meeting" / lyrics: "Down South Camp Meeting" / music: "Down South Camp Meeting"
Vince Giordano: There's a Future in the Past 2016 Documentary writer: "Stampede"
Manhattan 2014 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Boardwalk Empire 2012 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Miss Fisher's Murder Mysteries 2012 TV Series 1 episode
Leatherheads 2008 writer: "Variety Stomp"
Hot Rod 2007 performer: "Grand Terrace Rhythm" / writer: "Grand Terrace Rhythm"
The Aviator 2004 music: "Down South Camp Meetin'" 1935
Alex & Emma 2003 performer: "Limehouse Blues"
Frida 2002 performer: "Clarinet Marmalade" 1918
Road to Perdition 2002 performer: "Queer Notions" 1933
The Cat's Meow 2001 performer: "Wabash Blues" 1921
The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg 1998 Documentary music: "Down South Camp Meetin'"
A Life Apart: Hasidism in America 1997 Documentary writer: "Down South Camp Meeting"
The Bridges of Madison County 1995 writer: "Soft Winds"
Barton Fink 1991 "DOWN SOUTH CAMP MEETING"
Awakenings 1990 performer: "Shanghai Shuffle"
The Benny Goodman Story 1956 writer: "Down South Camp Meeting"
The Ed Sullivan Show 1949 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Sweet and Low-Down 1944 arranger: "I've Found a New Baby" 1926 - uncredited
The Big Broadcast of 1938 1938 arranger: "MAMA, THAT MOON IS HERE AGAIN" 1937 - uncredited
The New Professor 1937 Short music: "Jangled Nerves" - uncredited

Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Craig Caddell Show 2017 TV Mini-Series Performer
Sunrise 1927 Performer - Song: 'Tozo' (uncredited)

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Jazz 2001 TV Mini-Series documentary Himself
The Ed Sullivan Show 1949 TV Series Himself - Pianist
Vaudeo Varieties 1949 TV Series Himself

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