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Fedora Barbieri

Billed as mezzo-soprano during her career, Fedora Barbieri might more accurately have already been referred to as a mezzo-contralto, a term reserved for dramatic voices positioned slightly less than mezzo-sopranos and using a darker coloration. While she possessed a solid top register, it might not really match in convenience or splendor that boasted by Giulietta Simionato, whose profession approximately paralleled Barbieri’s (Barbieri created a rigorous dislike on her behalf rival and unhesitatingly distributed that distaste with interviewers both after and during her performing years). Barbieri documented extensively, sometimes departing multiple studio room recordings of her most celebrated functions. Her primary years lasted in to the 1960s; she thereafter started to presume smaller roles such as for example Mama Lucia in Cavalleria rusticana. Barbieri didn’t begin formal research until her eighteenth 12 months. While employed in the store possessed by her parents, she frequently sang to move the extended hours. 1 day, a knowledgeable client noticed her and insisted that she start voice lessons; for just two years, she caused Federico Bugamelli in her indigenous city, accompanied by nine weeks’ research with Luigi Toffolo. Her debut like a singer occurred at San Giusto Chapel which have been the website of her baptism years before. For advanced research, she relocated to Florence where she became a pupil from the popular dramatic soprano Giulia Tess (who experienced herself started her profession like a mezzo soprano). Barbieri produced her stage debut in Florence on November 4, 1940, in Cimarosa’s Il matrimonio segreto. Her appearance as Fidalma was adopted the very next day by the part of Azucena in Verdi’s Il trovatore. The 3rd night, she came back towards the part of Fidalma, starting a status for endurance that followed her throughout her profession. After her origins in Florence, Barbieri sang for just two . 5 years at La Scala in Milan, initiating her romantic relationship with that theater as Meg Web page in Falstaff. A component (Dariola) in the globe premiere of Franco Alfano’s Don Juan de Mañara in the 1941 Maggio Musicale Fiorentino drawn considerable interest as do her involvement in two revivals of functions by Monteverdi, Il ritorno d’Ulisse in patria (1942) and Orfeo (1943). In 1943, she retired for just two years to begin with marriage as the wife from the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino movie director, Luigi Barlozetti. Her go back to the stage in 1945 occurred as Amneris in Verdi’s Aida on the Teatro Verdi in Florence. Her profession thereafter grew comprehensive and breadth as she undertook more and more roles in both Verdi and bel canto repertories both at La Scala and somewhere else. During this 10 years, among her most convincing triumphs emerged in the name function of Donizetti’s La preferred, a seldom-produced function. In 1950, Barbieri was selected by Rudolf Bing to execute the function of Princess Eboli in the brand new Metropolitan Opera manager’s contacting card creation of Don Carlo. The acclaim she received for the reason that much-heralded cast guaranteed her presence on the Met for a complete of nine periods, where she sang such extra jobs as Amneris, Azucena, Dame Quickly, Carmen, Laura, and Adalgisa in Bellini’s Norma (where she, as well as Maria Callas, opened up the 1956 – 1957 period). She reprised Eboli in Covent Garden’s Don Carlo of 1958. Among her most amazing documenting are her two each of Amneris and Azucena (with Milanov and Callas, respectively).

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