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Earl Scruggs

Biography

Earl Scruggs was to the five-string banjo what Paganini was to the violin. Within the Foggy Hill Boys and afterwards Flatt & Scruggs (both with Lester Flatt), he developed the audio of bluegrass and helped take it to nationwide reputation through radio displays, recordings, television performances, and concerts. Through the ’40s, the group added “Foggy Hill Breakdown” towards the bluegrass cannon, and through the ’50s and ’60s, they truly became the most noticeable bluegrass work in the united states, performing frequently on tv. The duo’s reputation peaked in 1962, if they documented the theme tune to the tv screen sitcom The Beverly Hillbilles. The theme, known as “The Ballad of Jed Clampett,” became the very first number 1 bluegrass one in early 1963, as well as the duo produced several cameos on the present. By the finish from the ’60s, Scruggs wished to broaden their audio and pressed Flatt to hide Bob Dylan’s “Such as a Rolling Rock” in 1968 in addition to land concert performances in locations that normally booked rock and roll & roll works. Flatt wished to continue in a normal bluegrass vein. Undoubtedly, the opposing causes found a mind in 1969, as well as the duo parted methods. Appropriately, Flatt created a normal bluegrass music group, the Nashville Lawn, while Scruggs put together a more intensifying clothing, the Earl Scruggs Revue, along with his two sons. The Revue appealed even more to a and urban target audience and, with dobro participant Josh Graves, performed rock along with other noncountry music. By the finish from the ’70s, Flatt & Scruggs started ironing out the facts of a suggested reunion album, however they had been scrapped upon Flatt’s loss of life on, may 11, 1979. Scruggs produced many albums after his parting with Flatt, highlighted by 1982’s The Storyteller as well as the Banjo Guy (with Tom T. Hall) and 2001’s Earl Scruggs and Close friends (which presented an all-star solid including Johnny Money, Elton John, Sting, Vince Gill, Albert Lee, Leon Russell, and Steve Martin). Scruggs was frequently seen on Television as well, frequently for reunion looks. In 2012, he passed away in Nashville at age 88.

Quick Facts


Full Name Earl Scruggs
Date Of Birth January 6, 1924
Died March 28, 2012, Nashville, Tennessee, United States
Profession Musician
Nationality American
Spouse Louise Scruggs
Children Randy Scruggs, Gary Scruggs, Steve Scruggs
Parents George Elam Scruggs, Georgia Lula Ruppe
Siblings Horace Scruggs, Junie Scruggs, Ruby Scruggs, Eula Scruggs
Awards Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, Grammy Award for Best Country Instrumental Performance, Grammy Hall of Fame, Grammy Award for Best Country Collaboration with Vocals, Academy of Country Music Awards Cliffie Stone Icon Award
Music Groups Foggy Mountain Boys, Bill Monroe and His Bluegrass Boys
Music Songs Foggy Mountain Breakdown, Cripple Creek, Jimmy Brown the Newsboy, Pearl Pearl Pearl, Nashville Skyline Rag, Flinthill Special, American-Made, World-Played, Lonesome Road Blues, Sally Goodwin, Earl's Breakdown, What Would You Give in Exchange for Your Soul?, Salty Dog, Worried Man Blues, Who Will Sing for Me?, Crying My Heart Out Over You, Same Old Train, Feast Here Tonight, Fireball Mail, Pick Along, Passin' Thru, Train Number Forty-Five, Blue Ridge Mountain Blues, Bleeker Street Rag, Reuben, Randy Lynn Rag, Carolina Traveler, Foggy Mountain Special, Home Sweet Home, Georgia Buck, Shuckin' the Corn, Shackles and Chains, Dueling Banjos
Albums The Earl Scruggs Revue, Earl Scruggs and Friends, Strictly Instrumental, Nashville Airplane, The Three Pickers, Nashville's Rock, I Saw The Light With Some Help From My Friends, Songs of Glory, Classic Bluegrass Live: 1959-1966, Bold And New, When the Saints Go Marching In, The Storyteller and the Banjo Man, Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs 1959-1963 Vol.4, Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs 1959-1963 Vol.2, The Ultimate Collection / Live At The Ryman, White Cross Collection, Country in the Year 1962, Country Music (Original Soundtrack Plus Bonus Tracks 1958), Most Wanted Ballroom Classics, Vol. 6, Family Portrait, Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs 1959-1963 Vol.3, Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs and the Foggy Mountain Boys (Original Album Plus Bonus Tracks 1960), Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs 1959-1963 Vol.5, Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs 1959-1963 Vol.1, The Essential Earl Scruggs, Songs of Glory (Original Album Plus Bonus Tracks 1960), The Best of Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs (All Tracks Remastered), Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs (Remastered 2014), Bluegrass Big Three Vol. 2, Foggy Mountain Jamboree (Original Soundtrack Plus Bonus Tracks 1957), Allen Fontenot & The Country Cajuns, Country Music (Remastered 2014), Best of Country Music Vol. 34, Dance, Cowboy, Dance, Remastered Hits, Vol. 2 (All Tracks Remastered), Earl Scruggs: May I Speak!, The Ballad of Jed Clampett: The Best of Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs, Remastered Hits, The Complete Early Recordings Lester Flatt, Earl Scruggs (Doxy Collection), The Ultimate Collection (1924-2012), Columbia Records Country Music Foundation Heritage Edition, Foggy Mountain Breakdown (Country Greats - 7 Original Albums 1957-1962 - 95 Tracks), The Essential Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs, Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs - The Extended Play Collection, Volume 76
Nominations Academy of Country Music Award for Vocal Event of the Year, Country Music Association Award for Vocal Event of the Year
Movies The Three Pickers, Return of the Beverly Hillbillies, The Nashville Sound, All Star Bluegrass Celebration, Bluegrass: Country Soul, Nitty Gritty Dirt Band: Will the Circle Be Unbroken: Farther Along, Merlefest Live: 15th Anniversary Jam, Preachin', Prayin', Singin' With Charlie Daniels and Friends: Live From Nashville
TV Shows American Music Shop, Flatt & Scruggs TV Show


  • Facts
  • Filmography
  • Awards
  • Salaries
  • Quotes
  • Trademarks
  • Pictures

#Fact
1 Inaugural inductee into the International Bluegrass Music Hall of Fame (1991).
2 Received an honorary degree from Berklee College of Music on March 15, 2005.
3 Following his death, he was interred at Spring Hill Cemetery in Nashville, Tennessee.
4 Earl invented what was to become known as "Scruggs tuners" allowing a quick dropping of the two middle strings from standard to "D" tuning. Originally, they were an extra pair of tuning pegs with cams pushing against the strings with adjustable set screws. This required drilling two extra holes in the peg head. Working with fellow banjo player Bill Kieth they were refined to geared units that simply replaced the two middle tuning pegs. Earl sometimes raised and lowered the strings as he picked them most notably in "Flint Hill Special" and "Earl's Breakdown".
5 He was awarded a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Recording at 7021 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California on February 13, 2003.
6 Is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's most imitated musician. "Scruggs Style" is synonymous with picking a banjo with three fingers, and countless musicians worldwide list him as their primary influence.
7 He was awarded the American National Medal of the Arts by the National Endowment of the Arts in Washington, D.C (1992).
8 Had two sons with Louise Scruggs: Gary Scruggs and Randy Scruggs. They also had a third son, Steve, who killed his wife, Elizabeth, with a pistol, then himself on September 23, 1992. He was their youngest child.
9 His wife, Louise Scruggs, who guided her husband's career for more than a half century, was the first female to become an artist booking agent in Nashville.
10 As a member of Flatt & Scruggs, inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame (1985).
11 After the breakup of Flatt & Scruggs, Earl formed the "Earl Scruggs Revue" with his sons: Gary Scruggs and Randy Scruggs. Later, they were joined by Steve.
12 With Lester Flatt, member of the Foggy Mountain Boys, 1948-1969.


Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Pride of Jesse Hallam 1981 TV Movie musician: banjo
The Beverly Hillbillies 1962-1971 TV Series musician - 266 episodes

Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Penguins of Madagascar 2014 writer: "Foggy Mountain Breakdown"
The Marty Stuart Show TV Series writer - 6 episodes, 2008 - 2013 performer - 1 episode, 2008
The Office 2012 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Late Show with David Letterman TV Series writer - 2 episodes, 2001 - 2011 performer - 1 episode, 2001
Country's Greatest Stars Live: Vol. 1 2010 Video performer: "Our Love Is Home Grown"
The Love Guru 2008 writer: "Foggy Mountain Breakdown"
Opry Video Classics: Pioneers 2007 Video performer: "Foggy Mountain Breakdown" / writer: "Foggy Mountain Breakdown"
Wanderlust 2006 TV Movie documentary writer: "Foggy Mountain Breakdown"
Changing Hearts 2002 performer: "Old County Road" / writer: "Old County Road"
Desert Blue 1998 "Foggy Mountain Special"
Fire Down Below 1997 "Desert Breeze"
Dutch 1991 performer: "Till The End Of The World Rolls Around"
Moonlighting 1989 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Dallas Schoolgirls 1981 writer: "Foggy Mountain Breakdown" - uncredited
Hot Dallas Nights 1981 writer: "Foggy Mountain Breakdown" - uncredited
13th Annual Music City News Awards 1979 TV Special writer: "Foggy Mountain Breakdown"
The Porter Wagoner Show 1973-1978 TV Series writer - 3 episodes
Sharon 1977 writer: "Foggy Mountain Breakdown" - uncredited
The Tycoon's Daughter 1973 writer: "Foggy Mountain Breakdown" - uncredited
Monty Python's Flying Circus 1970 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Bonnie and Clyde 1967 writer: "Foggie Mountain Breakdown"
Country Music on Broadway 1965 writer: "Flint Hill Special"
Country Style, U.S.A. 1958 TV Series short writer - 1 episode

Actor

Actor

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Changing Hearts 2002 Wedding Musician
The Beverly Hillbillies 1965-1968 TV Series Earl Scruggs

Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Return of the Beverly Hillbillies 1981 TV Movie
Where the Lilies Bloom 1974
The Monkees 1967 TV Series 1 episode

Thanks

Thanks

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The 2012 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony 2012 TV Movie in memoriam

Self

Self

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Béla Fleck: How To Write A Banjo Concerto 2014 Documentary
Give Me the Banjo 2011 Documentary Himself
Bluegrass Diva 2011 Short Himself
The Marty Stuart Show 2008 TV Series Himself - Special Guest
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts 2007 TV Special Himself
The Late Late Show 2004 TV Series Himself
Great Performances 2003 TV Series Himself - Banjo / Guitar / Vocals
A Capitol Fourth 2003 TV Movie Himself - Performer
Our Country 2003 Documentary short Himself
Late Night with Conan O'Brien 2003 TV Series Himself
The Tonight Show with Jay Leno 2002 TV Series Himself
Late Show with David Letterman 2001 TV Series Himself - Banjo Player
American Roots Music 2001 TV Series documentary Himself
Austin City Limits 2000 TV Series documentary Himself
The Roots of Country: Nashville Celebrates the Ryman 1994 TV Special Himself
High Lonesome: The Story of Bluegrass Music 1994 Documentary Himself
Bill Monroe: Father of Bluegrass Music 1993 TV Movie documentary Himself
The Legend of the Beverly Hillbillies 1993 TV Special documentary Himself
Grand Ole Opry 65th Anniversary 1991 TV Special Himself
Nashville Story 1986 Video Himself
The Return of the Beverly Hillbillies 1981 TV Movie Himself
Johnny Cash: The First 25 Years 1980 TV Special Himself
Banjoman 1975 Documentary
Earl Scruggs: The Bluegrass Legend - Family & Friends 1972 TV Movie documentary Himself - Host & Performer
The Nashville Sound 1970 Documentary Himself
The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson 1968 TV Series Himself - Guest
The Beverly Hillbillies 1963-1966 TV Series Himself
The Jimmy Dean Show 1964-1966 TV Series Himself
Country Music on Broadway 1965 Himself
The Jack Paar Tonight Show 1962 TV Series Himself
The Tonight Show 1962 TV Series Himself - Musician
Grand Ole Opry 1956 TV Series Himself - Banjo Player
Flatt and Scruggs Grand Ole Opry 1955 TV Series Himself

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The 55th Annual Grammy Awards 2013 TV Special Himself - In Memoriam
CBS News Sunday Morning 2012 TV Series documentary Himself - Musician
Country's Greatest Stars Live: Vol. 1 2010 Video Himself
Opry Video Classics: Pioneers 2007 Video Himself
CMT: The Greatest - 40 Greatest Albums 2006 TV Movie documentary Himself
Grand Ole Opry's Vintage Classics 2005 TV Movie Himself
America's Music: The Roots of Country 1996 TV Mini-Series documentary Himself (1996)

Won awards

Won awards

YearAwardCeremonyNominationMovieAward shared with
2003 Star on the Walk of Fame Walk of Fame Recording Awarded on February 13, 2003 at 7021 Hollywood Blvd.


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