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Claude Le Jeune

Claude Le Jeune was one of the biggest composers of his period; in his time, Le Jeune was as prominent in France as Orlando di Lasso is at Germany. It really is unfortunate the fact that name of Le Jeune doesn’t bring more excess weight today. Delivered at Valenciennes just a few years before Jean-Antoine de Baif, Le Jeune most likely received his preliminary musical schooling there. By age 24 he previously already produced some headway being a composer; four of his chansons come in modern anthologies from the music from the Imperial Low Countries combined with the functions of essential composers such as for example Clemens non Papa. Le Jeune’s most crucial early publication made an appearance in Paris in 1556 using the Dix pseaumes de David en forme de motets. Despite a solid reliance on the style of Willaert, the motets present the early symptoms of Le Jeune’s afterwards skills and brought him to open public attention for the very first time. Also in 1556 Le Jeune fulfilled lyricist Jean-Antoine de Baif, who was simply to be his important collaborator and a pricelessly essential motivation to him. Baif founded the Academie de Poésie et de Musique in 1570. Among the traveling goals of the exclusive business was to come back music (and poetry) for an thought Classical glory through a way known as musique mesurée ? l’antique. Le Jeune’s efforts count for more than half from the known functions stated in this genre, which is just through his astoundingly flexible imagination that the proper execution ever achieved creative success. Through the following few energetic years in the Academie, Le Jeune may possess fulfilled Orlando di Lasso, as at the moment their names started to show up together in various famous chanson selections. With Baif, D’Aubigné, and Ronsard, Le Jeune ready music and entertainments for the 1581 wedding ceremony from the Duke of Joyeuse to Marie de Lorraine. The next 12 months, he became maistre des enfants de musique in the courtroom from the Duke of Anjou. The turbulent spiritual scenario in France at that time led Le Jeune into troubles more often than once. A Protestant who once announced himself hostile towards the Catholic Little league, he was lucky to really have the protection of particular Huguenot noblemen, including William of Orange, as well as the sympathy of some prominent Catholics. Probably the most informing anecdote originates from the 1590 siege of Paris: Seeking to flee the town, Le Jeune was halted by guards, who have carried out him and burnt Le Jeune’s manuscript music in the St. Denis gate if not really for the intercession of his Catholic friend, composer Jacques Mauduit. Le Jeune eventually took shelter on the Protestant refuge La Rochelle where his Dodecacorde, a assortment of psalm configurations, was released in 1598. By 1596, Le Jeune have been granted the name maistre compositeur ordinaire de la musique de nostre chamber with the French Ruler Henry IV. It isn’t known if Le Jeune resided his last years in exile, but he was buried with honors in the cemetary of La Trinité, Paris, on Sept 26, 1600. A lot more than 628 functions, sacred and profane, survive by Le Jeune, the vast majority of them released after his death. Publisher Pierre Ballard presented eight series of Le Jeune’s function between 1601 – 1612; Le Jeune’s Les 150 pseaumes continued to be on the net through a lot of the eighteenth century.

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