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Charles Ives

Biography

Charles Ives was the child of George Ives, a Danbury, Connecticut bandmaster along with a music experimenter whose strategy heavily influenced his child. Charles Ives’ musical abilities quickly created; he was playing body organ services at the neighborhood Presbyterian chapel from age 12 and started to compose at 13. Ives’ rural, rough-and-tumble child years was revisited vividly and frequently within the music he made up as a grown-up. In 1894 Ives came into Yale to review music, and his dad died at age group 40 from a coronary attack. Teacher Horatio T. Parker had not been at all thinking about motivating Ives’ experimental design. Ives dutifully discovered the fundamentals, creating a fascinating but typical Symphony No. 1 simply because his graduation thesis in 1898. After hardly managing to receive his diploma, Ives transferred with several his fraternity buddies to a flat in NEW YORK. He became organist at Central Presbyterian Cathedral and constructed his initial large-scale try to reveal the heart of America, the Symphony No. 2. In off hours Ives done his wild, extremely dissonant and ragtime-influenced Piano Sonata No. 1, creating a din that his roommates referred to as “citizen disruptions.” In 1902 a pal presented Ives towards the insurance professional Julian Myrick. They co-founded the very first Mutual LIFE INSURANCE COVERAGE workplace in Manhattan. Through his effort and easy capability to communicate with clients, Ives would turn into a extremely wealthy insurance professional. In 1906 he wedded Harmony Twichell, a female from a prominent New Britain family. Ives continuing to compose his music on commuter trains, at night, and on weekends, composing what glad him without stressing what the exterior world might think about it. To be able to check information on orchestration, Ives employed out movie theater orchestras to rehearse his ratings. In 1910 Ives provided NY Philharmonic conductor Gustav Mahler a rating and parts to his Symphony No. 3, “The Camp Get together.” Mahler attempted it in rehearsal after time for Vienna, but passed away before he could perform it. Within the 1910s, Ives would make many of his most significant masterworks, the Symphony No. 4, the Orchestral Established No. 1: “Three Areas in New Britain,” the String Quartet No. 2, as well as the substantial Piano Sonata No. 2, “Concord, Mass., 1840-1860,” typically known as the Concord Sonata. With the start of America’s participation in World Battle I, Ives elevated money for the battle effort, backed an unsuccessful constitutional amendment prohibiting a declaration of battle minus the support of two-thirds from the populace, released a manual (Surveying the chance) that for a long time served like a bible for the insurance market, and made up at a fantastic pace. In Oct 1918 Ives experienced a severe coronary attack that almost wiped out him. In 1921 he released the Concord Sonata and in 1922 adopted it with 114 Tracks, containing tracks dating from 1888 towards the eve of publication. These editions had been sent out absolve to anyone who needed them, and several copies finished up within the wastebaskets of music conservatories. In 1924 pianist and songs fanatic E. Robert Schmitz produced a scheduled appointment with Ives to get insurance, but remaining instead having a copy from the Concord Sonata. He released the task to Edgard Varèse also to Henry Cowell, who became Ives’ most powerful advocate. Quickly Ives’ music started to show up on concert applications, so when Cowell released his SONGS Quarterly in 1927, Ives helped back again the project economically. But that same yr Ives confided to Tranquility that he’d in some way lost the present that compelled him to create music. In 1930 Ives and Myrick both made a decision to retire, and out of this period forward Ives worried himself with revising existing functions. Ives’ eyesight was starting to deteriorate, therefore he had large Photostats manufactured from his scores and in addition produced recordings to function from. Composers Cowell, John J. Becker, and Lou Harrison helped Ives create legible ratings of his music, instituting a scholarly custom of Ives editing and enhancing that continues even today. In January 1939, pianist John Kirkpatrick performed the entire “Concord” within a recital therefore successful that also critics distrustful of contemporary music provided it rave testimonials. In 1947 Ives was honored the Pulitzer Award in music for his Symphony No. 3, finished almost 40 years previous. With Ives’ loss of life in-may 1954 his musical legacy became priority for a era of biographers, research workers, and performers. Ives’ early functions expertly channel Western european affects into totally clean constructs; mature functions utilize quotation, collage methods, spatial redistribution of instrumental groupings and soloists, metric modulation, homegrown types of pitch company and thick, massed blocks of clustered chords. The tough idiom of several of his parts has rejected Ives the mass selling point of Copland and Gershwin, and he is able to be an obtained flavor. Some critics and conductors, generally European, discount the worthiness of his enhancements, concluding that Ives was an beginner who didn’t know very well what he was carrying out. By the convert of the twenty-first hundred years renewed studies into Ives’ theoretical strategy exposed that he certainly do know very well what he was performing, and he offers much to instruct us however today with regards to fresh concepts and techniques.

Quick Facts


Full Name Charles Ives
Died May 19, 1954, New York City, New York, United States
Profession Composer
Education Yale University, Hopkins School
Nationality American
Spouse Harmony Twitchell
Parents George Edward Ives, Mary Parmelee
Siblings Joseph Moss Ives
Awards Pulitzer Prize for Music, Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Classical Composition
Albums Four Sonatas, Ives / Brant: A Concord Symphony / Copland: Organ Symphony (San Franciscio Symphony feat. conductor: Michael Tilson Thomas, organ: Paul Jacobs), Piano Sonata No. 2, "Concord, Mass., 1840-60", Concord Sonata / Songs, Jeremy Denk Plays Ives, A Set of Pieces: Music by Charles Ives, The Orchestral Music of Charles Ives, Sonate für Klavier Nr. 1 (feat. piano: Herbert Henck), Symphony no. 4 / Central Park in the Dark, Music for String Quartet, Works for Piano (piano: Alan Mandel), Symphonies Nos. 2 & 3, Orchestral Works, Volume 1: Symphonies nos. 1 and 2, The Unknown Ives, Volume 2, PSALMS Complete Recording, Charles Ives: Piano Sonata no. 2 / Aaron Copland: Piano Sonata, Ives: Concord Sonata / Barber: Piano Sonata, Largo, Vortex, Universe Symphony - Orchestral Set No. 2 - The Unanswered Question, Symphony No. 2 / Central Park in the Dark / The Unanswered Question / Tone Roads No. 1 / Hymn for Strings / Hallowe'en / The Gong on the Hook and Ladder, Ives: Symphonies Nos. 1 And 2, The Complete Songs of Charles Ives, Volume 2, Ives, C.: Piano Sonata No. 2 (Arr. H. Brant) (The Henry Brant Collection, Vol. 7) (Brant), Symphonies Nos. 2 & 3 / The Unanswered Question, Piano Sonata No. 2 'Concord' / The Celestial Railroad, Ives: Concord Sonata / Samuel Barber: Piano Sonata, Mackey: Redline Tango / Mower: Flute Concerto / Pann: Slalom, The Incredible Story of Mr. Birch, Reicha: Commemoration Symphony / McTee: Circuits / Gillingham: Heroes Lost and Fallen / Ives: Old Home Days / Gould: Symphony no. 4, Hanson Conducts Ives, Schuman, Mennin, Ives: Symphony no. 1 / Barber: Three Essays for Orchestra, Bernstein Century: Ives: The Unanswered Question / Holidays (Symphony) / Central Park in the Dark / Carter: Concerto for Orchestra, Mahler: Symphony no. 1 in D major / Ives: Central Park in the Dark / The Unanswered Question, A Song - For Anything: Songs by Charles Ives, The Complete Songs of Charles Ives, Volume 3, Melodies, Prototype, Symphonies Nos. 2 & 3 (Dallas Symphony feat. conductor: Andrew Litton), Symphony no. 4 / The Unanswered Question / Central Park in the Dark / Symphony no. 3, Symphony No. 4, Symphony No. 3 / The Unanswered Question / Three Places in New England, Variations for Orchestra (The Louisville Orchestra feat. conductor: Robert S. Whitney), Symphony No. 3 / Orchestral Set No. 2, Fischer-Dieskau Edition : Debussy / Ravel / Ives, Symphony no. 3 “The Camp Meeting” / Symphony no. 4 / Orchestral Set no. 2, Piano Trios, Symphonies nos. 1 & 4 / Central Park in the Dark, Symphony no. 2 / Decoration Day from “Holidays” Symphony/ Variations on “America”, Ives: Universe Symphony (Completed by L. Austin) / Orchestral Set No. 2 / The Unanswered Question, Piano Sonata No. 2 "Concord" / Violin Sonata No. 4 "Children's Day at the Camp Meeting"


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#Fact
1 Pictured on one of a set of eight 32¢ US commemorative postage stamps in the Legends of American Music series, issued 12 September 1997, celebrating "Classical Composers & Conductors". Others honored in this issue are Leopold Stokowski, Arthur Fiedler, George Szell, Eugene Ormandy, Samuel Barber, Ferde Grofé Sr., and Louis Moreau Gottschalk.


Soundtrack

Soundtrack

TitleYearStatusCharacter
Way Down Low 2007 writer: "In the Night", "Barn Dance"
Wit 2001 TV Movie writer: "The Unanswered Question"
The Thin Red Line 1998 "The Unanswered Question" / writer: "The Unanswered Question"
Run Lola Run 1998 music: "The Unanswered Question"
The Unanswered Question: Six Talks at Harvard 1976 TV Mini-Series music - 1 episode
Bernstein in London 1976 TV Movie documentary music: "The Unanswered Question"
Kojak 1975 TV Series music - 1 episode
Evening at Symphony 1975 TV Series documentary music - 1 episode
Civilisation 1969 TV Mini-Series documentary writer - 1 episode
Major Dundee 1965 writer: "Shall we gather at the River?" - uncredited
New York Philharmonic Young People's Concerts 1961-1964 TV Series music - 2 episodes
On the Edge 1949 Short writer: "The Housatonic at Stockbridge"
3 Godfathers 1948 writer: "Beautiful River Shall We Gather at the River" - uncredited
My Sister Eileen 1942 writer: "Ramblin' Wreck from Georgia Tech" - uncredited

Composer

Composer

TitleYearStatusCharacter
2084 2012 Short music composed by
Through the Forest 2005
Life, Love & Celluloid 1998 Documentary non-original music
Esch oder Die Anarchie 1979 TV Movie
A Good Dissonance Like a Man 1977

Music Department

Music Department

TitleYearStatusCharacter
The Light at Walden 2014 Documentary short composer: additional music

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