Examined with Earle Dark brown, Olivier Messiaen, and Adam Tenney. MFA from CAL Arts. Fellowships at Tanglewood, the MacDowell Colony, Eugene O’Neill Music Movie theater, and in Darmstadt, Germany. Lecturer at Darmstadt with colleges in South Florida and NY. Music for Joseph Papp’s NY Shakespeare Festival (1978-79, 1987-91). Many commissions and grants or loans.