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Bill Monroe


Bill Monroe may be the dad of bluegrass. He developed the style, developed the name, as well as for almost all from the 20th hundred years, embodied the talent. You start with his Blue Lawn Boys within the ’40s, Monroe described a hard-edged design of nation that emphasized instrumental virtuosity, close vocal harmonies, and an easy, generating tempo. The musical genre had taken its name in the Blue Lawn Children, and Monroe’s music permanently has described the sound of traditional bluegrass — a five-piece acoustic string music group, playing exactly and quickly, switching solos and performing inside a plaintive, high lonesome tone of voice. Not only do he invent the sound from the music, Monroe was the coach for several decades of music artists. Over time, Monroe’s music group hosted all the main bluegrass artists from the ’50s and ’60s, including Flatt & Scruggs, Reno & Smiley, Vassar Clements, Carter Stanley, and Mac pc Wiseman. Although lineup from the Blue Lawn Boys changed over time, Monroe always continued to be specialized in bluegrass in its purest type. Monroe was created right into a musical family members. His dad have been known around their hometown of Rosine, KY, being a step-dancer, while his mom played a number of equipment and sang. His uncle, Pendelton Vanderver, was a locally renowned fiddler. Both of his old brothers, Harry and Birch, performed fiddle, while his sibling Charlie and sister Bertha performed guitar. Costs himself became associated with music as a kid, learning the mandolin at age ten. Following loss of life of his parents while he was a pre-adolescent, Monroe visited live along with his Uncle Pencil. Shortly, he was playing in his uncle’s music group at regional dances, playing acoustic guitar rather than mandolin. During this time period, Monroe met an area blues guitarist known as Arnold Shultz, who became a significant influence for the budding musician. When Monroe converted 18, he shifted to East Chicago, IN, where his brothers Birch and Charlie had been operating at an essential oil refinery. Monroe also got employment in the Sinclair essential oil refinery and started using his brothers inside a nation string music group during the night. Within a couple of years, they performed for the Barn Dance on WLS Chicago, which resulted in the brothers’ appearance inside a square dance revue known as the WLS Jamboree in 1932. The Monroes continuing to perform during the night, but Birch still left the music group in 1934. Ironically, it had been right before the group arrived a sponsorship from the Tx Crystals Firm, which produced laxatives. Charlie and Costs made a decision to continue executing because the Monroe Brothers. The Monroe Brothers started playing in various other state governments, including radio displays in Nebraska, Iowa, and both North and SC. Such exposure resulted in record label curiosity, however the Monroe Brothers had been initially hesitant to indication a recording agreement. After some persuasion, they inked a cope with RCA-Victor’s Bluebird department and documented their first program in Feb of 1936. Among the songs through the sessions, “What CAN YOU Surrender Exchange,” became a hit as well as the duo documented another 60 paths for Bluebird on the next 2 yrs. Initially of 1938, Expenses and Charlie parted methods, with Charlie developing the Kentucky Pardners. Expenses assembled his personal music group with the purpose of creating a brand new form of nation that melded old-time string rings with blues and challenged the instrumental capabilities from the music artists. Initially, he relocated to Little Rock and roll, where he shaped the Kentuckians, but that music group was short-lived. Then relocated to Atlanta, where he shaped the Blue Lawn Boys and started appearing for the Crossroad Rollies radio system. Monroe debuted around the Grand Ole Opry in Oct of 1939, performing “New Muleskinner Blues.” It had been a overall performance that produced Monroe’s career in addition to established the brand new genre of bluegrass. In the first ’40s, Monroe & the Blue Lawn Boys spent time developing their design, often sounding much like various other contemporary string rings. The most known component of the band’s sound was Monroe’s high, piercing tenor tone of voice and his generating mandolin. The Blue Lawn Boys toured using the Grand Ole Opry’s street shows and made an appearance weekly on the air. Between 1940 and 1941, he slice several tunes for RCA-Victor, but a music artists’ union hit avoided him from documenting for quite some time. The traditional lineup from the Blue Lawn Boys dropped into put in place 1944, when guitarist/vocalist Lester Flatt and banjoist Earl Scruggs became a member of a lineup that currently included Monroe, fiddler Chubby Smart, and bassist Howard W. This is actually the group that backed Monroe when he came back to the studio room in 1945, documenting several tracks for Columbia. Early in 1946, he previously his 1st charting strike with “Kentucky Waltz,” which climbed to number 3; it was accompanied by the quantity five strike “Footprints within the Snow.” Throughout 1946, the Blue Lawn Boys had been probably one of the most well-known acts in nation music, scoring strikes and touring to huge crowds across America. At each city they performed, the music group would perform underneath a big circus tent they create themselves; the tent would also web host a number of various other destinations, including Monroe’s football group, which would perform local teams prior to the concert started. During the past due ’40s, the Blue Lawn Boys remained a favorite act, getting five additional Best 20 singles. Several additional acts started imitating Monroe’s audio, especially the Stanley Brothers. Flatt & Scruggs still left the Blue Lawn Guys in 1948 to create their own music group. Their departure ushered within an period of stagnation for Monroe. After Flatt & Scruggs parted methods from his music group, he still left Columbia Information in 1949 because that they had agreed upon the Stanley Brothers, who he experienced had been just imitating his design. The following 12 months, he authorized with Decca Information, who attempted to persuade Monroe to try some mainstream-oriented productions. He proceeded to go so far as trimming a few tunes with a power electric guitar, but he shortly came back to his 100 % pure bluegrass audio. At these periods, he did meet up with Jimmy Martin, who became his helping vocalist in the first ’50s. Through the entire ’50s — certainly, through the entire rest of his profession — Monroe toured relentlessly, carrying out hundreds of displays annually. In 1951, Monroe opened up a nation music recreation area at Bean Blossom, IN; over time, the venue presented performances from several bluegrass functions. Monroe suffered a significant car crash in January of 1953, which sidelined his profession for several weeks. The following calendar year, Elvis Presley performed Monroe’s “Blue Moon of Kentucky” at his only Grand Ole Opry appearance, radically reworking the agreement; Presley apologized for his version, but Monroe would afterwards perform exactly the same agreement at his concerts. Monroe released his initial album, Leg Deep in Bluegrass, in 1958, exactly the same calendar year he made an appearance on the united states singles graph with “Scotland”; the quantity 27 solo was his first strike in almost ten years. However, with the past due ’50s his stardom was eclipsed by Flatt & Scruggs. Monroe had not been helped by his renowned stubbornness. Numerous music artists handed through his music group due to his character and his search for details, he hardly ever granted press interviews and would hardly ever perform on tv; he actually canceled a concert at Carnegie Hall because he thought the promoter, Alan Lomax, was a communist. Within the ’60s, Monroe received an excellent career boost from your folk music revival, which produced him favored by a new era of listeners. Because of his new supervisor, ex-Greenbriar Males member Ralph Rinzler, Monroe performed bluegrass festivals over the U.S., regularly on university campuses. In 1967, he founded his very own bluegrass celebration, the Costs Monroe Bean Blossom Celebration, at his nation music recreation area, which continued to perform in to the ’90s. In 1970, he was inducted in to the Nation Music Hall of Popularity; the following season, the Nashville Songwriters Association International Hall of Popularity. Through the entire ’70s, he toured continuously. In 1981, Monroe was identified as having cancers and underwent treatment for the condition effectively. After his recovery, he resumed his occupied touring routine, which he held in to the ’90s. In 1991, he previously surgery for any dual coronary bypass, but he quickly retrieved and continued carrying out and hosting every week in the Grand Ole Opry. In 1993, the Grammys offered Monroe an eternity Achievement Honor. After struggling a heart stroke in early 1996, Monroe passed away on Sept 9, 1996, four times lacking his 85th birthday.

Quick Facts

Full Name Bill Monroe
Died September 9, 1996, Springfield, Tennessee, United States
Profession Singer, Music artist
Nationality American
Spouse Della Streeter
Children Melissa Monroe, James Monroe
Parents Malissa Vandiver Monroe, James Buchanan Monroe
Siblings Charlie Monroe, Birch Monroe, Bertha Monroe
Awards Grammy Award for Best Bluegrass Album, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, Academy of Country Music Awards Cliffie Stone Icon Award
Music Groups Bill Monroe and His Bluegrass Boys
Music Songs Blue Moon of Kentucky, Uncle Pen, Wayfaring Stranger, Footprints in the Snow, Molly and Tenbrooks, Kentucky Waltz, Big Mon, Heavy Traffic Ahead, My Little Georgia Rose, It's Mighty Dark To Travel, Cry, Cry Darlin', Rocky Road Blues, I'm on My Way Back to the Old Home, Jerusalem Ridge, Blue Grass Breakdown, Highway of Sorrow, Toy Heart, Can't You Hear Me Callin, Lonesome Moonlight Waltz, Wicked Path of Sin, Girl in the Blue Velvet Band, Banks of the Ohio, The Little Girl and the Dreadful Snake, I've Found a Hiding Place, My Last Days on Earth, Cryin' Holy Unto the Lord, Get Down on Your Knees and Pray, Summertime Is Past and Gone, My Rose of Old Kentucky, Will You Be Loving Another Man, Lord Lead Me On, A Voice From on High
Albums The Weary Traveler, Bill Monroe & Friends, Bill Monroe Live, Foggy Mountain Gold, Uncle Penn, The Essential Bill Monroe (1945-1949), All Time Greatest Hits, Blue Grass Stomp, Bluegrass Essentials, Bluegrass Heaven Vol 2, Kentucky Waltz, Bluegrass Heaven Vol 1, BlueGrass Vol. 3, The Collection '36-'59, Smokey Mountain Hymns: Heavenly Sunlight, Bill Monroe Decca Singles Collection, vol. 1, Travelin' Blues, Masterpieces Presents Bill Monroe, Hits & Rarities, Vol. 1 (48 Country Songs), Bill Monroe Top Ten, All The Classic Releases 1937 - 1949, Smokey Mountain Hymns: Old Time Religion, Live 1964, A Beautiful Life, Orange Blossom Special, Cryin' Holy Unto The Lord, Foggy Mountain Breakdown, Bluegrass, Blue Grass Special, The Early Years, Bill Monroe & His Blue Grass Boys - Blue Moon of Kentucky (Original – Recordings), True Life Blues: The Songs of Bill Monroe, BlueGrass 1959-1963, Uncle Pen - Live, The Father of Bluegrass - The Essential Recordings, The Very Best Of Bill Monroe & His Bluegrass Boys, Winning Combinations, The Essential Bill Monroe & The Monroe Brothers, Bill Monroe - The Father of Bluegrass, The Father of Bluegrass, the Gentle Giant, and Mac Davis, Just Play, Vol. 1, Leisure Time, All Over The World, Favourite Dish, Pansies, Love Caught, The Greatest Hits Collection, Man At His Leisure, Last Tower's Bell, Have You Heard of Bill Monroe, Vol. 2, RCA Country Legends, Bill Monroe & His Bluegrass Boys CD D: 1957-1958
Nominations Grammy Award for Best Country Instrumental Performance
Movies Bill Monroe: The Father of Bluegrass

  • Facts
  • Filmography
  • Awards
  • Salaries
  • Quotes
  • Trademarks
  • Pictures

1 Biography in: "American National Biography". Supplement 1, pp. 419-420. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
2 Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997 (under the category Early Influence).
3 His band was called "The Bluegrass Boys" in tribute to his home state of Kentucky, the bluegrass state - the music took its designation from the band.
4 Received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1993.
5 In 1989 won the first Grammy ever given for bluegrass music for his album "Southern Flavor".
6 Inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1970.
7 Performed in the White House for four presidents.
8 Considered the "Father of Bluegrass". The term bluegrass came from the name of Monroe's band -- the Blue Grass Boys.



The Marty Stuart Show 2008-2014 TV Series writer - 11 episodes
Conan O'Brien Can't Stop 2011 Documentary writer: "Blue Moon of Kentucky"
Country's Greatest Stars Live: Vol. 1 2010 Video performer: "Blue Moon Of Kentucky", "Muleskinner Blues Blue Yodel #8" / writer: "Blue Moon Of Kentucky"
Opry Video Classics: Pioneers 2007 Video performer: "Uncle Pen" / writer: "Uncle Pen"
P.O.V. 2007 TV Series documentary performer - 1 episode
For the Bible Tells Me So 2007 Documentary performer: "Lord Protect My Soul" / writer: "Lord Protect My Soul"
A Tribute to the King 2005 Video documentary writer: "Blue Moon Of Kentucky"
American Masters 2005 TV Series documentary performer - 1 episode
Elvis: The Memphis Flash 2005 Video documentary writer: "Blue Moon Of Kentucky"
The Cat in the Hat 2003 writer: "Rawhide", "Big Mon"
Elvis Presley: The Back Story, Vol. 1 2003 Video documentary writer: "Blue Moon of Kentucky"
Estradilla: Agents & Elvis 2003 TV Movie writer: "Blue Moon of Kentucky"
Elvis: The Missing Years 2001 Video documentary writer: "Blue Moon of Kentucky"
Men of Honor 2000 performer: "Blue Yodel #4"
Lawn Dogs 1997 performer: "In The Pines"
Fire Down Below 1997 writer: "Kentucky Waltz"
Go Now 1995 writer: "Blue Moon Of Kentucky"
Blink 1993 writer: "JERUSALEM RIDGE"
Quantum Leap 1993 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Delta 1992 TV Series writer - 1 episode
Wedlock 1991 performer: "All the Good Times Are Past and Gone" - uncredited
Big Bad John 1990 writer: "Uncle Pen"
Dolly 1988 TV Series performer - 1 episode
Planes, Trains & Automobiles 1987 writer: "Blue Moon of Kentucky" 1948
The Money Pit 1986 performer: "CANDY GAL" / writer: "CANDY GAL"
Sweet Dreams 1985 writer: "Blue Moon of Kentucky"
Arena 1985 TV Series documentary writer - 1 episode
Coal Miner's Daughter 1980 writer: "Blue Moon of Kentucky"
Country Superstars of the 70s 1979 TV Movie performer: "Country Is" / writer: "Little Cabin Home on the Hill"
50 Years of Country Music 1978 TV Movie performer: "Mule Skinner Blues"
The Porter Wagoner Show TV Series performer - 2 episodes, 1968 - 1976 writer - 2 episodes, 1967 - 1970
The Johnny Cash Show TV Series writer - 4 episodes, 1969 - 1971 performer - 2 episodes, 1970 - 1971
Arthur Godfrey and His Friends 1958 TV Series writer - 1 episode
The Ed Sullivan Show 1958 TV Series writer - 1 episode
The Tennessee Ernie Ford Show 1958 TV Series writer - 1 episode



Still Ramblin' 2001 TV Movie documentary Himself (voice)
An Evening of Country Greats: A Hall of Fame Celebration 1996 TV Special Honoree
The Roots of Country: Nashville Celebrates the Ryman 1994 TV Special Himself
High Lonesome: The Story of Bluegrass Music 1994 Documentary Himself
I'll Never Get Out of This World Alive 1993 Documentary Himself
Bill Monroe: Father of Bluegrass Music 1993 TV Movie documentary Himself
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts 1991 TV Special Himself
The Full Moon Show 1991 TV Series documentary Himself
Grand Ole Opry 65th Anniversary 1991 TV Special Himself
Cinemax Sessions 1988 TV Series Himself
Dolly 1988 TV Series Himself
Country Superstars of the 70s 1979 TV Movie Himself
That's Country 1977 Himself
All You Need Is Love 1977 TV Series documentary Himself
The Porter Wagoner Show 1968-1976 TV Series Himself - Guest
8th Annual Country Music Association Awards 1974 TV Special Himself - Presenter
Earl Scruggs: The Bluegrass Legend - Family & Friends 1972 TV Movie documentary Himself - Performer
The Johnny Cash Show 1970-1971 TV Series Himself - Singer / Mandolin Player
Second Fiddle to a Steel Guitar 1965 Himself
Grand Ole Opry 1956 TV Series Himself

Archive Footage

Archive Footage

Country's Greatest Stars Live: Vol. 1 2010 Video Himself
Opry Video Classics: Pioneers 2007 Video Himself
CMT: The Greatest - 40 Greatest Albums 2006 TV Movie documentary Himself
Grand Ole Opry's Vintage Classics 2005 TV Movie Himself
God Only Knows: Vocal Harmony - The Voice 2003 TV Movie documentary Himself (as Bill Monroe and His Blue Grass Boys)
Austin City Limits 1997 TV Series documentary Himself
America's Music: The Roots of Country 1996 TV Mini-Series documentary Himself (1996)
All You Need Is Love 1977 TV Series documentary Himself
Moonshiners 2014 TV Series Himself
The Joy of Country 2011 TV Movie Himself
American Greed 2011 TV Series documentary Himself

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