Arsenio Rodríguez, perhaps one of the most important statistics in the annals of Cuban music, was a prolific composer (he penned near 200 music), tresero, percussionist, and bandleader whose enhancements changed the facial skin of Latin dance music and paved just how for what would eventually become referred to as salsa. He’s considered the daddy from the conjunto, an instrumental format which was revolutionary because of its period because it presented the conga drum, which acquired previously been regarded taboo due to its African origins. His compositions, a lot of which became hallmarks from the Cuban and NY salsa repertoires, often emphasized Afro-Cuban, especially Congolese, components in their subject material. A descendent of Congolese slaves, Rodríguez was created on August 30, 1911, in Guira de Macurije in Cuba’s traditional western province, Mantanzas. At age group seven Rodríguez was blinded by way of a horse’s kick; he’d afterwards become understand as “Un Ciego Maravilloso” (The Wonderful Blind One). As a kid, he started playing a number of musical instruments, including Afro-Cuban drums and percussion, bass, and tres, a Cuban six-string electric guitar that could become his major instrument. Some essential early affects on tres included Nene Malfugas, Isaac Oviedo, and Eliseo Silviera. He started composing in his teenagers and in the first ’30s formed Un Sexteto Boston. In 1937 he became a member of trumpeter José Interain’s Septeto Bellamar. 1937 also noticed the very first recordings of Rodríguez’s compositions; Miguelito Valdés sang “Bruca Manigua,” “Ven Acá Tomas,” and “Fuñfuñando” with Orquesta Gambling house de la Playa. During this time period, the typical format for playing boy was the septeto, comprising trumpet, electric guitar, tres, bongos, bass, maracas, and claves, with several bandmembers singing. The overall trend within the 1930s have been for the boy to stray relatively from its African root base, adopting a far more subdued audio. This might all modification around 1940 when Rodríguez added conga drum, piano, another (and afterwards third) trumpet to the normal boy ensemble, having a baby towards the conjunto. The conjunto format revolutionized the boy using the added travel supplied by the conga’s deep firmness as well as the trumpet section’s power. For this period, Rodríguez launched the child montuno, a child having a montuno section offering improvised vocals (soneos) from the business lead singer (sonero) more than a repeated chorus; trumpet, tres, and piano solos also happened frequently. Rodríguez can be credited, alongside bandleaders Antonio Arcaño and Pérez Prado, with developing the mambo tempo during this time period. Another essential development was the band’s version from the guaguancó towards the dance music group/conjunto format. The guaguancó can be an Afro-Cuban design typically performed by voices and percussion; Rodríguez combined a few of its melodic and formal components with those of the child. These further “Afro-Cubanizations” from the child are among Rodríguez’s most significant and lasting efforts. The conjunto format, boy montuno, and mambo are three important components of what would afterwards be known as salsa. The 1940s had been a vintage period in Rodríguez’s profession and the annals from the boy. A lot of his most well-known compositions had been documented, including “A Belen Le Toca Ahora,” “La Yuca de Catalina,” “Juventud Amaliana,” as well as perhaps his most well-known function, the bolero “La Vida ha sido el Sueño,” that was created after an unsuccessful try to restore his view in 1947. Among his bandmembers through the ’40s had been several essential statistics in the advancement of the boy, specifically vocalists Miguelito Cuní, Marcelino Guerra, and René Scull, trumpeters Felix Chappotin and Delicious chocolate Armenteros, and pianist Lilí Martínez. This era is symbolized on many reissue CDs: Montuneando con Arsenio Rodríguez con Su Conjunto (Tumbao), Legendary Periods: Chano Pozo and Arsenio Rodríguez (Tumbao), Dundunbanza (Tumbao), A Todos los Barrios (RCA), and Oye Como Dice (Cubanacan). In 1953, Rodríguez shifted to NY, departing his conjunto in Cuba beneath the command of trumpeter Chappotin, who become a tale in his very own right. Compositions such as for example “La Gente del Bronx” and “Como se Goza en un Barrio” (both on the Tumbao Compact disc named following the last mentioned) continuing to reveal his present for authoring his everyday environment. His recognition in NY, while strong, could not match what it turned out in Cuba. The middle-’50s saw the discharge of a solid recording, Sabroso y Caliente (reissued on Compact disc on Antilla), which added flute and timbales towards the conjunto set up. “Un Ciego Maravilloso” would continue steadily to test out different instrumentations for the others of his profession, sometimes adding a number of saxophones to his music group. In the past due ’50s, Rodríguez documented Primitivo and made an appearance, under the management of conguero Sabu Martinez, around the Blue Notice launch Palo Congo, which presented his brothers and conjunto sidemen Quique and Caesar Rodríguez. This recording contains chants from Palo Congo, an Afro-Cuban religious beliefs of Congolese source. In the first ’60s, Rodríguez documented Quindembo/AfroMagic (Epic), a forward thinking experimental album which he had written and sang on all of the tracks. Rodríguez known as this design, which mixes jazz affects with boy and much more earthy Afro-Cuban spiritual components, “Quindembo,” a Congolese phrase meaning an assortment of many things. For this period he also documented two quite strong albums within the conjunto design, Arsenio Rodríguez con Su Conjunto, Vol. 1 and Vol. 2. In his last years he continuing to experiment, creating a design he known as “swing boy.” The final album Rodríguez documented was Arsenio Dice, a 1968 Tico discharge. On Dec 30, 1970, “Un Ciego Maravilloso” passed away of pneumonia in LA. Being a composer, performer, and musical experimenter, Rodríguez was among the undoubted giants of Cuban music. In america, he was a decisive impact within the ’60s and ’70s tipico motion, and his experimentation directed to way for some from the developments created by the greater exciting architects of salsa, such as for example Willie Colón. His legacy is usually recognized on many tribute albums, including Larry Harlow’s Tribute to Arsenio Rodríguez and Tico’s all-star Recordando a Arsenio.