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Antonio de Cabezón

Among the initial composers to create prolifically for key pad, Antonio Cabezón was innovative and influential. His functions expected the potential of both body organ and clavichord — later on explored to a larger level by Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck (1562-1621) and Manuel Rodrigues Coelho (1583-1635), both of whom had been affected by Cabezón — and his treatise on key pad performance advocated the usage of the thumb, that was uncommon for enough time. Fortunate to possess led a privileged presence, Cabezón entered very easily in to the circles of Spanish nobility, and spent a lot of his existence in the support of royalty. Given birth to into a commendable family members (landowners in Castillo de Matajudíoperating-system and Castrojeriz), Antonio Cabezón was either blind from delivery or blinded in early child years. His 1st musical teaching was most likely from an area organist; it really is sure that he continuing his research in Palencia with Garcia de Baeza, organist in the Burgos Cathedral. While in Palencia, Cabezón resided with his comparative, Esteban Martinez de Cabezón, cannon of Burgos Cathedral. In 1525, superb suggestions helped Cabezón move from Palencia to Toledo, where he used a posture in the brand new royal chapel of Queen Isabella; he became primary organist a 12 months later. He later on performed in the chamber consort of Charles V. Cabezón, wedded the rich Luisa Núñez (1538), and relocated to Avila, his fresh wife’s native town. Their five kids also guaranteed positions using the royal family members. After Queen Isabella passed away in 1539, Cabezón continued to be in the assistance of her kids, among whom was Prince Philip, the near future king; by enough time of Philip’s accession, Cabezón performed limited to Philip’s chapel. Within the Royal retinue Cabezón journeyed to Germany, Luxembourg, holland (Oct 1548-July 1551), and afterwards to Britain (July 1554-January 1556). Of these excursions, he was subjected to significant amounts of music, a few of which he transcribed. Moreover, Cabezón exerted an impact upon the key pad composers whom he fulfilled. The handful of Cabezón’s parts that were published during his life time made an appearance in Luis Venegas de Henestrosa’s Libro de cifra neuva of 1557. Cabezón’s boy, Hernando (1541-1602), released most his father’s known functions after Cabezón’s loss of life. Cabezón’s music was inspired by that of the Franco-Flemish composers, especially Josquin DesPrez, but his functions are obviously in the Spanish instrumental custom; his keyboard composing can be masterfully idiomatic. Dazzling modulations tag his music, which can be infused with modal chromaticism; an daring usage of intervals (discouraged by modern theorists) allowed him to build up a colourful harmonic palette. His motivic method of melodic writing created intensely woven, unified functions that relied mainly on enhancement and diminution of the main idea for variance and advancement. Cabezón made up in a multitude of instrumental styles, including tientos, (ricercari), glosas, diferencias, falsobordone, versos, hymns, and canons. He treated diferencias, or variants on tunes, within an initial manner by putting the cantus firmus inside a different tone of voice in each variance; this system was later used by William Byrd (1543-1623).

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