Regardless of the continuing reputation of Django Reinhardt, Stéphane Grappelli, and Gypsy golf swing, Alix Combelle has yet to become recognized worldwide for his steadfast contributions towards the development and establishment of this tradition. An achieved saxophonist, clarinetist, arranger, and bandleader, Combelle was an essential figure in the introduction of Western jazz through the 1930s who produced a large number of recordings with Reinhardt and users from the Quintet from the Warm Golf club of France, which is with Reinhardt that his status was founded. Unlike Django, Combelle adhered stubbornly to simple swing and will not seem to possess felt it essential to modernize in to the design and strategy of bop. The majority of his greatest recordings date from your years 1935-1943 and had been released around the properly named Golf swing label. Given birth to in Paris on June 15, 1912, he was the child of François Combelle, a traditional saxophonist and highlighted soloist using the Band from the Republican Safeguard. Alix started his executing career being a drummer through the past due ’20s and created his woodwind chops within the orchestra pits of Parisian theaters with Armenian bandleader Krikor “Gregor” Kelekian beneath the mantle of Gregor et Ses Gregoriens in 1932-1933. He also proved helpful in rings led by trumpeter Arthur Briggs and violinist Michel Warlop, with Patrick et Kid Orchestre, an organization led by trombonist Man Paquinet. You start with a historical multinational program led by Coleman Hawkins in 1937, Combelle’s unwavering devotion to jazz brought him into close connection with many going to and emigrating U.S. golf swing experts, including multi-instrumentalist Benny Carter, clarinetist Danny Polo & His Golf swing Superstars, pianist Freddy Johnson, vocalist Adelaide Hall, and trumpeter Costs Coleman, in whose orchestra he proved helpful alongside Argentine guitarist Oscar Alemán. He also produced several great recordings with groupings led by trumpeter Philippe Brun, gigged with altoist Andre Ekyan, and supported well-known French vocalists Jean Sablon and Charles Trenet. Combelle been to the U.S. double in 1937-1938. Tommy Dorsey was impressed more than enough to create him an give however the Parisian chosen a go back to house turf, where he became a member of an orchestra led by pianist Ray Ventura. A program with Reinhardt that occurred in Dec 1940 highlighted Combelle make to make with fellow saxophonists Christian Wagner and Hubert Rostaing. Following the outbreak of battle, he led a cooperative big music group referred to as Le Jazz de Paris, and remained on the helm for quite some time before turning it to drummer Jerry Mengo. In some way, Combelle and his companions in swing were able to continue executing jazz through the nightmare many years of the Job, despite their apparent association with Jews, African-Americans, and Gypsies, three cultural groups designated by Nazi ideologists as racially substandard. The easiest expedient included camouflaging the game titles of jazz requirements, but it required greater than that to fool or deter the Gestapo. And Combelle was certainly a social “Enemy from the Reich,” for his African-American heroes included Chu Berry, Herschel Evans, Coleman Hawkins, Body fat Waller, Jimmie Lunceford, and Count number Basie. Within the years following a battle, Combelle led some big rings and worked well again with Expenses Coleman in addition to Buck Clayton, Lionel Hampton, and Jonah Jones. He will not seem to possess adapted very easily to the first modern varieties of bop and awesome jazz, although he do sit along with Stan Kenton in 1953. His child Philippe “Fifi” Combelle (b. 1939) sat in along with his father’s music group playing tenor and bass saxophone in 1957; quickly thereafter, younger Combelle turned completely to drumming. Combelle Sr. produced his final saving as a innovator in 1960, became who owns a nightclub in 1963, and passed on within the Parisian suburb of Mantes-la-Jolie on March 2, 1978.